Quantum Medicine Research

Posted by Maddalena Frau on May 10, 2015 at 1:25 PM Comments comments (0)

This is a resource dedicated to research the latest and most important information on natural health, in natural medicine and alternative medicine, holistic medicine, alternative therapies, herbal medicine, natural healing, herbs, fitness, medicinal herbs, nutritional therapies, complementary therapies, longevity research, physical, mental and spiritual health.


Everyone has access to the information and research that is essential in order to prevent, treat and even recover from all diseases as well as maintain health and long life.


Living in harmony with the InFinity and his manifestation is the secret to Natural Health and Happiness.

Maddalena Frau

Posted by Maddalena Frau on May 8, 2015 at 9:40 AM Comments comments (0)

Psychologist, Transpersonal Therapy, Quantum Medicine,


Psycho Vibrational Therapy *PVT* .


Researcher, Scio Therapist, Nutrition.


Immune Internationally Licensed Therapist


Maddalena is a researcher of Integrative and Quantum Medicine, where all of her energy is dedicated to consolidating her knowledge of conventional medicine, natural medicine, nutrition, quantum physics and advanced biofeedback into a model of Integrative Medicine. She has dedicated her life to the promotion of natural health and the prevention of disease, and to bringing depth and understanding to the field of Integrative Medicine. She has researched new approaches to medicine and she an ardent promoter of innovative methods of evaluation as a way to integrate quantum consciousness into the art of healing.

University of Quantum and Integrative Medicine

Posted by Maddalena Frau on November 6, 2014 at 12:55 AM Comments comments (0)

Quantum University is institution of higher learning to provide degrees and certification programs in Quantum, alternative, energetic, natural, and integrative medicine based on the new emerging science of quantum physics.

Quantum University is a Degree Granting Institution established in 2000 that now serves over eight thousand students in forty one countries all over the world.


Quantum University was founded to meet the need to offer bachelor, master, doctorate and PhD degrees.


Students are offered health classes, certification courses, and degree program in an affordable IPad and/or online learning environment in order to receive the know-how and credentials necessary to become leaders in the natural health and wellness industries.

Quantum Medicine Update: The Scientific Validation of Quatum Medicine

Posted by Maddalena Frau on September 17, 2014 at 1:45 AM Comments comments (0)

Quantum medicine provides an energy-based medical paradigm that combines a wide spectrum of multidisciplinary health assessment protocols in an attempt to address the full complexities of chronic illness. Quantum medical practitioners view disease as a disruption, cessation, or distortion of the body's energetic anatomy along caused by a wide range of stress factors (nutrient deficiencies, toxicity, infections, etc.). Instead of suppressing the symptoms of this disharmony (pain, inflammation, etc.), these practitioners approach illness with the intent of eliminating the disharmony with bursts of energy or a specific resonance stimulations that correct the disharmony, eliminate stress or causative factors, and enhancing innate healing.

In the 1920s and 1930s Dr. Harold Saxon Burr of Yale University researched the energetic qualities of different forms of life. For example, Burr observed changes in the electrical field of trees to seasonal changes, sunlight and darkness, cycles of the moon, and sunspots. In humans, he noted that emotional stress affected the body's energy field (Transactions of the American Neurology Association 63, 1939). When observing hormonal changes in women, he was able to record a voltage change just before ovulation and a subsequent drop in voltage just as the egg is released (American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 44, 1942). The most fascinating of his discoveries pertains to the voltage changes that would allow Burr and his colleagues to define malignant tissue and predict when a woman would develop cancer of the cervix (Science, 105, 1947). An excellent review of his 43 years of research is summarized in his book Blueprint for Immortality: The Electric Patterns of Life. This breakthrough book reveals important scientific discoveries:


All living things - from men to mice, from trees to seeds - are formed and controlled by electrodynamic fields that Burr defined as L fields (Yale Journal of Biological Medicine, 16, 1944; Science, 103, 1946; Proceedings of National Academy of Science, 32, 1946).

L fields are the basic blueprints of all life (Yale Journal of Biological Medicine, 17, 1945; Federal Proceedings, 6, 1947; Medical Physiology, 1950).

L fields are informational and can reveal physical and mental conditions in order for doctors to diagnose illness before the usual symptoms develop (Yale Journal of Biological Medicine, 14, 1942; Yale Journal of Biological Medicine, 19, 1947; Yale Journal of Biological Medicine, 21, 1949).

Carlo Rubbia, a 1984 Nobel Laureate, made an astounding observation on the magnitude of biological information fields which he reports is far greater than biochemical or bimolecular information in the human body. Consequently, any medical field that examines only the physical body is only assessing a small and inconsequential part of human anatomy.


An American nenrologist, Albert Abrams, MD who taught pathology at Stanford University's medical school in California, made the following scientific observations (New Concepts in Diagnosis and Treatment, San Francisco, Philopolis Press, 1916):


Unknown resonances or waves were omitted from pathological tissue that can be used with great accuracy to locate an infection or pathology, and

Resonant frequencies or radiations from quinine eliminated the unknown resonances associated with malaria and mercurial salts stopped syphilis radiations (the same was true of other known antidotes).

In a series of 25 clinical trials, Dr. William Boyd confirmed Abrams' research and with 100% accuracy was able to identify chemicals and tissues without visual or any other clues except their resonances. In 1924, the Royal Society of Medicine investigated Boyd's claims and found them valid (Royal Society of Medicine, 1925). The committee was impressed with the new diagnostic capabilities of Boyd's methods.


Nobel Prize double-nominee, Robert O. Becker, MD reported that the electromagnetic resonance behaves in the human body in a similar fashion to magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI) and that the body's innate resonances could be used to heal and explain problematic health issues (Cross Currents: The Perils of Electropollution, The Promise of Electromedicine, Tarcher/Putman, 1990).


A controlled, research study on rats by the US Naval Research Center, Bethesda, Maryland (Biomagnetics, 7, 1986) documented that the magnetic resonance from lithium (not an oral dose) was able to subdue behavior and depress the central nervous system. This study is important because it documents significant biological effects from minute radiations similar to homeopathic medicines.


Another brilliant researcher, George Lakhovsky, published The Secret of Life in 1925 revealing that "every living cell is essentially dependent on its nucleus which is the center of oscillations and gives off radiations." His research has important health implications. Lakhovsky's book defines life and disease as a battle between healthy resonances and the unhealthy resonances of cells against microbes and other toxins. When we consider that the sun is the center of our solar system, and life could not exist without it giving off radiations that set up oscillations in living matter, it becomes obvious that energy principles work on the same universal laws, be they atoms, cells, or solar systems.


Famous US surgeon and founder of the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio, George Crile, M.D. supported Lakhovsky's finding with independent studies that were reported in his book The Phenomena of Life: A Radio-electric Interpretation, which was printed in 1936. He states, "electricity is the energy that drives the organism." He likened the cell to a battery and stated "It is clear that in the second half of life the electrical potential of the elderly patient as a whole or of this or that organ, has been very much reduced and that by so much, the margin of safety has been dangerously diminished." In the 1937 British Medical Journal, Sir Thomas Lewis defined an independent cutaneous nerve system of pathways that was not composed of nerve fibers.


Using electromyography (EMG), Dr Valerie Hunt at UCLA discovered that the body emits oscillations between the "noise" of normal muscle contractions. With sophisticated equipment, Hunt was able to monitor fluctuations in the body's electromagnetic energy levels (Progress Report: A Study of Structural Integration from Neuromuscular Energy Field and Emotional Approaches, UCLA, 1977).


Further documentation of the body's electromagnetic energies came from photographic techniques discovered by Semyon Kirlian in Russia. With the interaction of a high-frequency electric discharge and a photographic plate he captured the energetic imprints of living organisms on the film. Further research by scientists at the Kirov State University of Kazakhstan and by M.K. Gaikin, MD correlated these measurements with Traditional Chinese Medicine concepts of energy flow. I found some of the most impressive work with Kirilian photography in Peter Mendel's book Energy Emission Analysis. Mandel's work was important for the following reasons:


His findings were based on over 800,000 photographs (energy emission analysis or EEA), which documented the beginning and end points of classical acupuncture.

All irregularities of bodily functions were depicted on the photographs

He based his therapeutic intervention on either the positive or negative EEA macrographs.

Validation and Anatomical Documentation of Meridian Pathways


While some researchers have documented the electromagnetic resonances of life, other have documented what ancient Chinese medical wisdom has taught for thousands of years. The following are highlights of some of the research that validates the existence of the acupoints and meridian pathways:


During the 1960s Professor Kim Bong Hen studied the acupoints of animals. He injected radioactive p[32] (an isotope of phosphorus) into an acupoint and followed the uptake of the substance into surrounding tissue. With microautoradiography techniques, he discovered that the p32 followed the path of the classical acupuncture meridians (The Acupuncturist, 1, 1967).


In 1985, Pierre de Vernejoul at the University of Paris injected radioactive markers in acupuncture points. Using a gamma-camera imaging, he tracked the movement of the isotope. His findings indicated that the tracer followed the pathways of the classical meridian lines at the speed of 30 cm in 4-6 minutes. As a control, he also made random injections in the skin, vessels, and lymphatic channels documenting that there was no migration at these sites. (The Kirilian Aura, Doubleday, 1974; Bulletin of the Academy of National Medicine 169, 1985).


Using electronographic body scans, researchers documented meridian pathways (Electrographic Imaging in Medicine and Biology Neville Spearman Ltd.,1983).


In studies similar to Dr. Burr, Professor Kim found that the meridian ducts were formed within fifteen hours of conception in the embryonic chick before the rudimentary organs were formed (Design for Destiny Ballentine Books, 1974).


In another experiment, Professor Kim severed the liver meridian in a frog and observed the subsequent changes in the liver tissue. Shortly after severing the meridian, he discovered enlarged liver cells. Three days later he noted serious vascular degeneration throughout the entire liver.


Dr. William Tiller of Stanford University observed close to a twenty-fold drop in electrical resistance at the acupoints (Energy Field Observations, 1988).


Dr. Hiroshi Motoyama AMI Machine (short for Apparatus for Measuring the Functions of the Meridians and Corresponding Internal Organ) research on over 5,000 patients documented strong correlations between weaker meridians and underlying disease states in associated organ systems (Science and the Evolution of Consciousness, Autumn Press, 1978). Reinhold Voll, MD, who discovered electroacupuncture techniques, spent two decades studying acupuncture points and their related meridians. Voll's discovery that almost all Chinese acupuncture points could be detected by a change in skin resistance was of incredible importance to the birth of Quantum Medicine (American Acupuncture 8, 1980).


All the above studies support the teachings of Chinese medicine. In brief, doctors of Chinese medicine believe that illness is caused by energetic imbalances. Certainly Kim's research supports the concept that meridian changes precede physical organ dysfunction. Thus the integrity and balance of the acupuncture meridian system is crucial to detecting illness in the earliest possible stages before organ degeneration take place. Yet it is important to note that traditional Chinese theories were developed thousands of years ago when the planet was not as polluted and food was not genetically-engineered, toxic or depleted in nutrients. Hence, we may not be able to rely solely on old Chinese remedies and theories now and in the 21st century. Over the past decade, my research with the Yanick Quantum Energy Method[reg.] on thousands of natural products that were tested against stressed organs. glands and systems of the body, revealed that over 90% of supplements currently available were toxic or had poor energetic and biochemical bioactivity. This research was confirmed by in vitro screening studies of 196 natural products that found 191 toxic or ineffective with only 5 or 2.5% nontoxic (Journal of the American Nutraceutical Association. Vol 2:1, 25-41, Winter, 1996). For the best clinical results, quantum medical practitioners use non-toxic, clinically effective supplements that contain the correct resonances of healthy organs, glands and systems of the body and the correct nourishment to support and strengthen weak physiology This powerful synergism in supplement choices allows the body to discharge toxins, eliminate opportunistic infections, and correct nutritional deficiency states in the shortest time possible.


Assessing the Stress-related Origins of Disease


Most standard medical textbooks attribute 50 to 80% of all disease to stress-related origins. Emerging from Quantum Medicine and its attendant philosophy is the view that a wide spectrum of stressors can be assessed by observing subtle energy systems that govern physiology and give rise to chronic disease. Causative agents that are not always detectable at the biochemical level, commonly manifest an attendant perturbation at the energetic level. Foundational research that supports the basis of Quantum Medicine has provided a clear mandate for the necessity of considering the variables of energetic anatomy in attempting to comprehend complex multisystem disease. From such research it is evident that the energetic context of health disorders, needs to be considered with the traditional biochemical model and that neither can stand alone. For example, using the meridian system as a way to determine biochemical stressors and organ responses to stress factors can synchronize enzymes and create an amplified crystalline resonant field that propels nutrients deep within the cells of the body, Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients. April. 2000. thereby improving nutrient uptake. As an added bonus, matching the correct resonant frequencies to meridian representations of organs and systems of the body enhances electron transfer functions and stabilizes molecular defenses, thereby reducing oxidative stress. The next column will discuss lymph stasis, lymphedema, and lymphotoxicosis as common underlying causes of obesity, thyroid insufficiency, and chronic pain syndromes and their assessment via regulation thermography and the best sequence of testing to determine one's lymphatic status via the meridian pathways.

By Paul, Jr. Yanick


Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

Posted by Maddalena Frau on January 16, 2014 at 11:40 PM Comments comments (0)

To discuss challenges concerning treatment for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) and review complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies being evaluated for this condition, we performed a comprehensive search of articles published from 1990–2005 using the PubMed, Medline databases. Data from the articles were abstracted and pooled by subject. Keywords cross-searched with CP/CPPS included: complementary, alternative, integrative, therapies, interventions, nutrition, antioxidants, herbs, supplements, biofeedback and acupuncture. Listed articles with no abstracts were not included. Various CAM therapies for CP/CPPS exist including biofeedback, acupuncture, hyperthermia and electrostimulation. Additionally, a variety of in vitro and in vivo studies testing herbal and nutritional supplements were found. Saw palmetto, cernilton and quercetin were the most frequently tested supplements for CP/CPPS. Although many CAM therapies demonstrate positive preliminary observations as prospective treatments for CP/CPPS, further exploratory studies including more randomized, controlled trials are necessary for significant validation as treatment options for this complex disorder.

Introduction and Characterization of Prostatitis

Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is of significant interest in urology and accounts for up to 2 million office visits per year . Currently, there are multiple approaches to the management of CP/CPPS depending on the classification of the related symptoms. However, there are no absolute findings or laboratory tests employed and diagnosis is often one of exclusion.

In 1995, the National Institutes of Health established an International Prostatitis Collaborative Network in order to construct a new classification of prostatitis syndromes and better define chronic prostatitis. The categories are now documented as follows:

  • Category 1. Acute bacterial prostatitis
  • Category 2. Chronic bacterial prostatitis
  • Category 3. Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome
    • A. Inflammatory
    • B. Non-inflammatory
  • Category 4. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis.

While most patients report a primary subjective symptom of local pain and/or dysuria, the clinical presentation of acute versus chronic prostatitis varies. Laboratory cultures are standardly employed to detect bacterial involvement and this testing along with other diagnostic criteria determines each classification. Men with Category 1, acute prostatitis, frequently present with dysuria, fever, malaise, myalgia (non-specific) and positive culture analysis that often reveals coliform bacteria. This imparts to standard antibiotic treatment with good prognosis for recovery and minimal recurrence.

Patients with Category 2, chronic bacterial prostatitis, present with similar symptoms as those with acute prostatitis. However, the frequency of symptoms (duration >3 months), recurrent urinary tract infections and additional diagnostic tests including analysis of lower urinary tract cultures contribute to its diagnosis as Category 2 prostatitis.

Men with Category 4, asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis, do not present with subjective symptoms. This diagnosis is often discovered via laboratory findings such as the positive presence of white blood cells in prostatic secretions or in prostate tissue during routine evaluation for other disorders.

Comparative to the total number of prostatitis cases reported, the majority of representative cases are Category 3, CP/CPPS. This diagnosis is usually one of exclusion, as bacterial etiology acute or chronic is ruled out. Other exclusion criteria include urogenital cancer, urethral stricture and neurologic disease affecting the bladder. However, the patient may still present with polyuria, dysuria, generalized myalgia or specific pelvic pain, urethral discharge, voiding dysfunction, sexual dysfunction and negative impact on quality-of-life (QOL). The presentation of this symptom set is now termed Category 3, CP/CPPS. Categories 3A and 3B are further differentiated by the presence or absence of inflammatory blood cells in prostatic secretions and seminal fluid, respectively further outlines the characteristics and treatment options of Category 3 prostatitis.

Due to the complexity in diagnosing CP/CPPS, the National Institutes of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases funded the Chronic Prostatitis Collaborative Research Network (CPCRN) in 1995 . This network was fundamental in the construction and validation of the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI), which was implemented in 1999. The index has become a valid measure that quantifies the qualitative experience of men with CP/CPPS and addresses three different aspects of CP/CPPS: pain, function and QOL.

The formation of the CPCRN and the advent of the NIH-CPSI have better characterized diagnosis and treatment for CP/CPPS, but challenges still exist. While standard treatment options including anti-inflammatory agents, analgesics and alpha-blockers are often prescribed, impact on QOL is another factor often overlooked in the treatment and management of CP/CPPS . The focus on QOL, anecdotal data, epidemiological studies and the increased popularity and validation of herbal, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has led to exploration of the utility of CAM therapies as treatments for CP/CPPS. CAM therapies including biofeedback, acupuncture, heat therapy, electrostimulation, herbal and nutritional supplements will be discussed below.

CAM Background

CAM, as defined by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), is a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices and products that are not presently considered part of conventional medicine. Conventional medicine is further defined as medicine as practiced by holders of MD (medical doctor) or DO (doctor of osteopathy) degrees. Though the list of what therapies or practices considered to be CAM changes continually, the pool of both practitioners of CAM modalities and patients utilizing CAM services continues to grow within the United States and globally.

The inclusion of CAM practices in urology is also being implemented in the clinic. Many groups such as the Committee of Complementary and Alternative Medicine within the American Urological Association (AUA) recognize the integration of non-conventional therapies into urological clinical practice. Additionally, both public demand for CAM therapies and their testing and validation within health science research centers has increased . It has been suggested that many urological conditions possessing subjective and QOL components such as in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), chronic prostatitis, voiding, erectile dysfunction and cancer prevention and survivorship might be particularly amenable to CAM treatment strategies. This review will focus on current CAM therapies found in the literature for CP/CPPS.

CAM Therapies for CP/CPPS


Biofeedback therapy is considered a mind–body technique that utilizes a monitoring machine to assist people in controlling bodily functions such as heart rate, blood pressure and muscle tension. This therapy has been studied for its efficacy in urological conditions such as incontinence, prolapse, pediatric voiding dysfunction and CP/CPPS . The hypothesis of biofeedback's mechanism of action in treating CP/CPPS is based on the principle that maximum muscle contraction prompts maximum muscle relaxation. This mechanism addresses the chronic pain aspect of CP/CPPS and focuses on muscular reeducation, which may ultimately provide symptom relief.

Two studies testing the value of biofeedback therapy for CP/CPPS yielded positive results. The first study assessed 62 patients who were refractory to conventional therapy (such as antibiotics and/or alpha-blockers) for greater than half a year. These patients were treated utilizing the Urostym Biofeedback equipment five times a week for 2 weeks with a stimulus intensity of 15–23 mA and duration of 20 min. The NIH-CPSI index noted a significant overall reduction in score (P < 0.01) and no side effects were reported during the trial.

A second pilot study evaluated biofeedback therapy in 19 men with pelvic floor tension and CP/CPPS. These results demonstrated significant improvement in pain scores as measured by the AUA symptom index (P = 0.001). While this study focused on testing the effect of biofeedback therapy in treating the symptoms associated with CP/CPPS, it also implicated the presence of pelvic floor tension contributing to pain and the paramount importance of muscular reeducation for its treatment. These initial, positive biofeedback studies may warrant larger randomized clinical trials to confirm safety and efficacy as well as explore the mechanism of action of biofeedback therapy.


Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese method of medical treatment involving the insertion of fine, single-use, sterile needles in acupoints according to a system of channels and meridians that was developed by early practitioners of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) over 2000 years ago. The needles are stimulated by manual manipulation, electrical stimulation or heat. Currently, acupuncture is often used with TCM and it is a recognized health profession with strict licensure and regulatory status in 40 states. Common applications include acupuncture as a complementary therapy for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy, for conditions involving pain such as migraines and back pain, and for relieving the impact of stress among patients with chronic conditions. The precise physiological mechanism of action of acupuncture is unknown but a variety of hypotheses exist. For example, acupuncture analgesia is thought to be mediated by central nervous system (CNS) mechanisms of pain control via the release of specific neurotransmitters, such as endorphins. Additionally, there are significant data which suggest that acupuncture treatment can decrease inflammation and relieve pain.

Data suggesting the ability of acupuncture treatment to decrease pain, positively impact QOL and potentially modulate inflammation and/or affect the CNS has suggested it as potential therapeutic option for men with CP/CPPS. While a number of studies listed in other journals test the utility of acupuncture treatment for CP/CPPS only two medline listed pilot studies are shown testing acupuncture treatment in patients with CP/CPPS.

The first study examined whether acupuncture improved pain, voiding symptoms and QOL in 12 men with CP/CPPS. This study reported a significant decrease in total NIH-CPSI pain, urinary and QOL scores (P < 0.05) over 6 weeks of treatment and an average 33 weeks of follow-up. The mechanism of action addressed in this paper suggests a neuropathic model of CP/CPPS and the hypothesis that acupuncture, if considered a neuromodulatory therapy, may provide a therapeutic option for men with CP/CPPS.

A second study tested acupuncture treatment for CP/CPPS patients with intrapelvic venous congestion. This study of 10 patients receiving 5 weeks of acupuncture treatment also reported a significant decease in NIH-CPSI pain and QOL scores (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). While the study reported no serious adverse events, the mechanism of action was not addressed. The promising clinical outcome of both studies testing acupuncture for CP/CPPS implies that larger studies are required to confirm the utility of acupuncture in this patient population.

High Frequency Electrostimulation

Only one study in English was found utilizing electrostimulation for chronic prostatitis. This study tested a new, high frequency, urethral–anal prototype stimulation device in men with CP/CPPS twice weekly for 5 weeks. The results demonstrated a significant decrease in the NIH-CPSI (P = 0.0002) with no urethral, anal complaints or other side effects. The authors suggest that due to the positive results, simple technology and ability to be self-administered, this new device may have utility in the treatment of CP/CPPS. However, further studies and standardization of the electrostimulation device are essential.


Anecdotal evidence and a few clinical trials have suggested heat therapy or hyperthermia as a treatment option for men with CP/CPPS. Its mechanism of action is based on the application of heat to the prostate to relieve pain. An excellent review by Zeitlin discusses the lack of literature concerning hyperthermia and CP/CPPS. The review notes a variety of pitfalls in hyperthermia research including variation and lack of standardization of treatment. These concerns are applicable to both the type of heat utilized such as interstitial heat or microwaves and variation in its application, either transrectally or transurethrally. The review also suggests that the hyperthermia instruments used were not validated and outcome measures were subjective. However, the review implies that utilization of a quantitative assessment tool, applied statistics and greater documentation of therapy type may offer hyperthermia a better opportunity to be evaluated as a potential therapy for CP/CPPS.

We also discovered the paucity of literature described by Zeitlin and only three listed clinical trials utilizing hyperthermia. The first study analyzed a group of 45 men with chronic abacterial prostatitis or prostadynia who underwent 6 weekly, 1 h sessions of local deep microwave hyperthermia (42.5 +/−0.5°C) to the prostate. Although the authors report encouraging results in the decrease of pain, these subjective patient assessments were not quantified by the NIH-CPSI or other index for CP/CPPS.

A second abstract discussed a randomized, sham-controlled comparative study utilizing transrectal microwave hyperthermia in 80 men with CP/CPPS. While this abstract noted a 75% symptomatic improvement in the treatment group, the study was available as an abstract only with no statistical significance or descriptive methodology reported. A third study also tested transrectal microwave hyperthermia for both chronic non-infectious and infectious prostatitis. While the study design incorporated obtaining measurement of prostatic secretions, uroflowmetry and transrectal color Dopplerographic mapping, the results from the study were not abstracted as the article was in Russian.

Herbal and Nutritional Supplements

Herbal and nutritional supplement therapies have been most widely investigated for their utility in CP/CPPS and other prostate conditions such as BPH. While many formulations have been cited for their use in a wide variety of urological conditions, saw palmetto, pollen extract and quercetin were the supplements found with specific application to CP/CPPS. While most herbal and nutritional supplements contain a wide variety of synergistic ingredients upon compositional analysis, some of the active components such as phytosterols or antioxidants are listed in.

Figure 1

Chemical structures of components found in herbal or nutritional supplements. (a) Structure of beta-sitosterol an active component of S. repens. (b) Structure of quercetin.

Saw palmetto

Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) garnered much attention in urology based on a great deal of anecdotal evidence regarding its prostate specific properties. It is widely used in many Asian, African and European countries and compositional analysis of the berry of S. repens exhibits sterols and free fatty acids as its major constituents . Initial studies suggested that the efficacy of saw palmetto may be similar to that of the pharmaceutical enzyme inhibitors such as finasteride. This preliminary data prompted the exploration of mechanism, utility and efficacy of saw palmetto in in vitro analysis and in clinical trial settings. While a number of trials have examined saw palmetto use for symptoms related to BPH, only a few have focused on it specifically for CP/CPPS.

The first study compared the safety and efficacy of saw palmetto berry supplement versus finasteride in men with Category 3, CP/CPPS. This prospective, open label 1 year study randomized 64 men to the saw palmetto or finasteride group, respectively. After 1 year of treatment, the NIH-CPSI score decreased from 23.9 to 18.1 in the finasteride group (P < 0.003) and from 24.7 to 24.6 in the saw palmetto group (P = 0.41). While significance was only achieved in the finasteride treatment arm, it was notable that at the end of the trial 41 and 66% of participants opted to continue the therapies of saw palmetto and finasteride, respectively, regardless of achieved statistical significance.

The second clinical trial from China examined the effects of prostadyn sabale capsules containing saw palmetto berry in patients with CP/CPPS. While 125 men reported positive outcome and the NIH-CPSI was used as a primary end point, the article is only available in Chinese and the manufacturer, active constituents of the capsules and statistical significance was not reported.

A third multicenter study testing a saw palmetto abstract called Permixon analyzed the response of Permixon therapy in 61 patients with Category 3B prostatitis. While 65% of the Permixon group reported improvement based on the Patients Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), the total NIH-CPSI and the pain, voiding and QOL/impact domains of the NIH-CPSI, statistical significance was not reported. Additionally, prostate volume was unchanged in both the treatment and control groups. While this multicenter study suggests that Permixon may provide clinical benefit for CP/CPPS 3B, the dosages and components of the Permixon product were not listed in the abstract.

The assessments of saw palmetto studies for CP/CPPS are far fewer than those for BPH. However, marked and continued progress in molecular studies, increased mechanistic data and more clinical trials in CP/CPPS are warranted to ascertain the utility and reproducibility of saw palmetto use in men with chronic prostatitis.

Pollen Extract: Cernilton

Pollen extract is traditionally collected from the flowers of various plant types and it contains carbohydrates, fat, protein, vitamins and minerals. The particular pollen extract named cernilton has been suggested to benefit a variety of urological conditions. Anecdotal evidence and references from traditional herbal texts have implicated cernilton's potent anti-inflammatory properties and potential in treating symptomatic relief of urinary pain and dysfunction often present in both CP/CPPS and BPH. In vitro studies demonstrate a variety of experimentation on this particular extract including histopathological analysis of its effect on cell proliferation, apoptosis, serum cytokines and testosterone. The literature also lists quite a few clinical trials on pollen extract; however, five are in the Japanese language and one in the German language. While many of these studies report the positive activity of pollen extract and suggest its usefulness for CP/CPPS, data from these studies were not abstracted due to unavailability and translation of the articles.

One available study testing pollen extract reported a 78% favorable response of men with chronic prostatitis taking Cernilton® pollen extract at a dosage of 1 tablet TID for 6 months . While this study reported favorable results, the study was published in 1993 and similar subsequent larger phase clinical trials are not evident to further elucidate the possible utility of pollen extract in men with CP/CPPS.


Quercetin is known chemically as a mixture of 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one and 3,3′,4′,5,7-pentahydroxy flavone. It belongs to a group of polyphenolic substances known as flavonoids and is a member of the class of flavonoids called flavonols. It is commonly found in the plant kingdom in the rinds and barks of certain foods such as onions, grapes and green tea. Since quercetin is thought to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, immunomodulatory, anticancer, gastroprotective and antiallergy activities it has been studied for a variety of conditions.

One prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed to test the action of this bioflavonoid in men with CP/CPPS. This placebo-based study assessed 30 men with CP/CPPS to receive the bioflavonoid quercetin, 500 mg twice daily or the placebo pill for 1 month. Significant change in the NIH-CPSI score was observed in the quercetin (P = 0.003) versus the placebo group, who had an insignificant mean improvement in the NIH-CPSI score. While this was the only clinical trial found testing quercetin for CP/CPPS, the positive outcome supports the need for further study including cost analysis of quercitin therapy in this patient population.

Other Herbal Agents for Prostatitis

Finally, a wide variety of herbal compounds not previously discussed were found during this review, many of which are commonly used in the TCM herbal material medica. Some of the compounds are Nan mi qing capsules containing Rheum palmatum and Rx. astragalus memberanaceus, Ye Ju Hua Shuan, an herbal suppository of Flos Chrysanthemi Indici and a variety of other formulae or capsules of which the ingredients were not listed.

Initial in vitro studies examining some of the herbal compounds effects on markers of inflammation such as thromboxanes (TBX2) and 6-keto-PGF1-α are promising as the link between chronic inflammation in CP/CPPS is still under investigation. While the preliminary reports of additional herbal compounds are encouraging, a number of difficulties exist in the extraction of this data. Namely, the articles are in the Chinese or other language and data including the ingredients, constituents and other practices including good manufacturing are unable to be assessed. While this conundrum exists for many herbal agents despite their historical use in a variety of traditional herbal medicine systems, testing of safety and utility are still necessary. However, the variety of herbal agents available offers a large source to draw from and the possibility that other herbal products might be beneficial in the treatment of CP/CPPS.


A summary of the reviewed literature is outlined in Table 2 and a variety of CAM modalities tested in patients with CP/CPPS include practitioner-based therapies such as biofeedback, hyperthermia, acupuncture and electrostimulation, and biological-based therapies including herbal and nutritional supplements. As the challenges in treating this complex and chronic disorder remain, further evidence of efficacious CAM treatment options for men with CP/CPPS is needed. Thus far, promising data on the function and efficacy of certain CAM therapies suggest their potential as treatment options for this patient population. Further exploratory studies including more in vitro studies of herbal products, mechanistic data, cost analysis and randomized, controlled trials will assist in validation of certain CAM therapies as permanent treatment options for men with CP/CPPS.

Jillian L. Capodice,* Debra L. Bemis, Ralph Buttyan, Steven A. Kaplan, and Aaron E. Katz


1. Schaeffer AJ. Etiology and management of chronic pelvic pain syndrome in men. Urology. 2004;63:75–84. [PubMed]
2. Litwin MS. A review of the development and validation of the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index. Urology. 2002;60:14–8. [PubMed]
3. Litwin MS, McNaughton-Collins M, Fowler FJ, Jr, Nickel JC, Calhoun EA, Pontari MA, et al. The National Institutes of Health chronic prostatitis symptom index: development and validation of a new outcome measure. Chronic Prostatitis Collaborative Research Network. J Urol. 1999;162:369–75. [PubMed]
4. Kreiger JN, Ross SO, Penson DF, Riley DE. Symptoms and inflammation in chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Urology. 2002;60:959–63. [PubMed]
5. Pontari MA, Ruggieri MR. Mechanisms in prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Urology. 2004;172:839–45. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
6. Schnider H, Ludwig M, Weidner W, Brahler E. Experience with different questionnaires in the management of patients with CP/CPPS: GPSS, IPSS, NIH-CPSI. World J Urol. 2002;21:116–8. [PubMed]
7. Mehik A, Alas P, Nickel JC, Sarpola A, Helstrom PJ. Alfuzosin treatment for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot study. Urology. 2003;62:425–9. [PubMed]
8. Shoskes DA, Manickam K. Herbal and complementary medicine in chronic prostatitis. World J Urol. 2003;21:109–13. [PubMed]
9. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine website. Retrieved from http://nccam.nih.gov.
10. Hirsch IH. Integrative urology: a spectrum of complementary and alternative therapy. Urology. 2000;56:185–9. [PubMed]
11. McClure M. An overview of holistic medicine and complementary and alternative medicine for the prevention and treatment of BPH, prostatitis, and prostate cancer. World J Urol. 2002;20:273–84. [PubMed]
12. Shei Dei Yang S, Wang CC. Outpatient biofeedback relaxation of the pelvic floor in treating pediatric dysfunctional voiding: a short-course program is effective. Urol Int. 2005;74:118–22. [PubMed]
13. Ye ZQ, Cai D, Lan RZ, Du GH, Yuan XY, Chen Z, et al. Biofeedback therapy for chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Asian J Androl. 2003;5:155–8. [PubMed]
14. Nadler RB. Bladder training biofeedback and pelvic floor myalgia. Urology. 2002;60:42–3. [PubMed]
15. Clemens JQ, Nadler RB, Schaeffer AJ, Belani J, Albaugh J, Bushman W. Biofeedback, pelvic floor re-education, and bladder training for male chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Urology. 2000;56:951–5. [PubMed]
16. Aukee P, Immonen P, Laaksonen DE, Laippala P, Pettinen J, Airaksinen O. The effect of home biofeedback training on stress incontinence. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2005;60:95–6.
17. Dorey G, Speakman M, Feneley R, Swinkels A, Dunn C, Ewings P. Pelvic floor exercises for treating post-micturition dribble in men with erectile dysfunction: a randomized controlled trial. Urol Nurs. 2004;24:490–7. [PubMed]
18. Ellis A, Wiseman N, Boss K. Fundamentals of Chinese Acupuncture. Brookline, MA: Paradigm Publications; 1991.
19. National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine website, www.nccaom.org.
20. Han J, Pomeranz B, Stux G. Scientific Bases of Acupuncture: Central Neurotransmitters and Acupuncture Analgesia. New York: Springer-Verlag; 1989. pp. 7–33.
21. Clement-Jones V, McLoughlin L, Tomlin S, Besser GM, Rees LH, Wen HL. Increased beta-endorphin but not met-enkephalin levels in human cerebrospinal fluid after acupuncture for recurrent pain. Lancet. 1980;2:946–9. [PubMed]
22. Pomeranz B, Chiu D. Naloxone blockade of acupuncture analgesia: endorphin implicated. Life Sci. 1976;19:1757–62. [PubMed]
23. Ma S. Neurobiology of acupuncture: toward CAM. eCAM. 2004;1:41–7. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
24. Watkin H. Back pain—an integrated approach in primary care. Acupunct Med. 2004;22:203–6. [PubMed]
25. Sekido R, Ishimaru K, Sakita M. Differences of electroacupuncture-induced analgesic effect in normal and inflammatory conditions in rats. Am J Chin Med. 2003;31:955–65. [PubMed]
26. Yuting C. Clinical observation on combined treatment of 360 cases of prostatitis with acupuncture of Sishenchong point, etc. and self-drafted prescription I, II, and III. World J Acupunct-Moxibustion. 2000;10:1–4.
27. Chen R, Nickel JC. Acupuncture ameliorates symptoms in men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Urology. 2003;61:1156–9. [PubMed]
28. Honjo H, Kamoi K, Naya Y, Ukimura O, Kojima M, Kitkoji H, Miki T. Effects of acupuncture for chronic pelvic pain syndrome with intrapelvic venous congestion: preliminary results. Int J Urol. 2004;11:607–12. [PubMed]
29. John H, Ruedi C, Kotting S, Schmid DM, Fatzer M, Hauri D. A new high frequency electrostimulation device to treat chronic prostatitis. J Urol. 2003;170:1275–7. [PubMed]
30. Zeitlin SI. Heat therapy in the treatment of prostatitis. Urology. 2002;60:38–40. [PubMed]
31. Servadio C, Leib Z. Chronic abacterial prostatitis and hyperthermia: a possible new treatment? Br J Urol. 1991;67:308–11. [PubMed]
32. Vassily O, Andrey S, Evgenii D, Otabek I, Boris L, Sergey R. Efficacy of transrectal microwave hyperthermia (TMRH) in the treatment of chronic prostatitis. A randomized sham controlled comparative study. J Urol. 1999;161:33.
33. Sokolov AV. Transrectal microwave hyperthermia in the treatment of chronic prostatitis. Urologiia. 2003;5:20–6. [PubMed]
34. Shoskes DA. Phytotherapy and other alternative forms of care for the patient with prostatitis. Curr Urol Rep. 2002;3:330–4. [PubMed]
35. Lowe FC, Fagelman E. Phytotherapy for chronic prostatitis. Curr Urol Rep. 2000;1:164–6. [PubMed]
36. Gordon AE, Shaughnessy AF. Saw palmetto for prostate disorders. Am Fam Physician. 2003;67:1281–3. [PubMed]
37. Kaplan SA. Updated meta-analysis of clinical trials of Serenoa repens extract in the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 2005;173:516. [PubMed]
38. Vela-Navarrete R, Escribano-Burgos M, Farre AL, Garcia-Cardoso J, Manzarbeitia F, Carrasco C. Serenoa repens treatment modifies bax/bcl-2 index expression and caspase-3 activity in prostatic tissue from patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 2005;173:507–10. [PubMed]
39. Habib FK, Ross M, Ho CK, Lyons V, Chapman K. Serenoa repens (Permixon®) inhibits the 5alpha-reductase activity of human prostate cancer cell lines without interfering with PSA expression. Int J Cancer. 2005;114:190–4. [PubMed]
40. Gurley BJ, Gardner SF, Hubbard MA, Williams DK, Gentry WB, Carrier J, et al. In vivo assessment of botanical supplementation on human cytochrome P450 phenotypes: Citrus aurantium, Echinacea purpurea, milk thistle, and saw palmetto. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2004;76:428–40. [PubMed]
41. Medical Economics. Physician's Desk Reference (PDR) for Herbal Medicines. Montvale, NJ: Thomson Healthcare; 1998.
42. Kaplan SA, Volpe MA, Te AE. A prospective, 1-year trial using saw palmetto versus finasteride in the treatment of category III prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. J Urol. 2004;171:284–8. [PubMed]
43. Wu T, Zhang X, Wu R, Liu X. Effects of prostadyn sabale capsules on chronic prostatitis. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue. 2004;10:337–99. (in Chinese) [PubMed]
44. Reissigl A, Pointner J, Marberger M, Remzi M, Brunner J, Obwexer S, Djavan B. Multicenter Austrian trial on safety and efficacy of phytotherapy in the treatment of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. EAU 2004. Abstract 348.
45. Becker H, Ebeling L. Conservative therapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with Cernilton. Urologe. 1988;28:301–6. (in German)
46. Buck AC, Cox R, Rees RW, Ebeling L, John A. Treatment of outflow tract obstruction due to benign prostatic hyperplasia with the pollen extract, cernilton: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Br J Urol. 1990;66:398–404. [PubMed]
47. Kamijo T, Sato S, Kitamura T. Effect of cernitin pollen-extract on experimental nonbacterial prostatitis in rats. Prostate. 2001;49:122–31. [PubMed]
48. Asakawa K, Nandachi N, Satoh S, Honma M, Namikata S, Ishii M, et al. Effects of cernitin pollen-extract (Cernilton) on inflammatory cytokines in sex-hormone-induced nonbacterial prostatitis rats. Hinyokika Kiyo. 2001;47:459–65. (in Japanese) [PubMed]
49. Horii A, Iwai S, Maekawa M, Tsujita M. Clinical evaluation of Cernilton in the treatment of the benign prostatic hypertrophy. Hinyokika Kiyo. 1985;31:739–46. (in Japanese) [PubMed]
50. Ueda K, Jinno H, Tsujimura S. Clinical evaluation of Cernilton on benign prostatic hyperplasia. Hinyokika Kiyo. 1985;31:187–91. (in Japanese) [PubMed]
51. Hayashi J, Mitsui H, Yamakawa G, Suga A, Kai A, Shimabukuro T, et al. Clinical evaluation of Cernilton in benign prostatic hypertrophy. Hinyokika Kiyo. 1986;32:135–41. (in Japanese) [PubMed]
52. Maekawa M, Kishimoto T, Yasumoto R, Wada S, Harada T, Ohara T, et al. Clinical evaluation of Cernilton on benign prostatic hypertrophy—a multiple center double-blind study with Paraprost. Hinyokika Kiyo. 1990;36:495–516. (in Japanese) [PubMed]
53. Rugendorff EW, Weidner W, Ebeling L, Buck AC. Results of treatment with pollen extract (Cernilton N) in chronic prostatitis and prostatodynia. Br J Urol. 1993;71:433–8. [PubMed]
54. Verbeek R, Plomp AC, van Tol EA, van Noort JM. The flavones luteolin and apigenin inhibit in vitro antigen-specific proliferation and interferon-gamma production by murine and human autoimmune T cells. Biochem Pharmacol. 2004;68:621–9. [PubMed]
55. Alia M, Mateos R, Ramos S, Lecumberri E, Bravo L, Goya L. Influence of quercetin and rutin on growth and antioxidant defense system of a human hepatoma cell line (HepG2) Eur J Nutr. 2005 (Epub ahead of print)
56. Mouat MF, Kolli K, Orlando R, Hargrove JL, Grider A. The effects of quercetin on SW480 human colon carcinoma cells: a proteomic study. Nutr J. 2005;4:11. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
57. Shoskes DA, Zeitlin SI, Shahed A, Rajfer J. Quercetin in men with category III chronic prostatitis: a preliminary prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Urology. 1999;54:960–3. [PubMed]
58. Dai CF, Zhang ZZ, Qi XL, Zhang MX, Li YP. Clinical and experimental study of treatment of nanmiqing capsule for chronic prostatitis. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue. 2002;8:379–82. (in Chinese) [PubMed]
59. Jia Y, Li Y, Li J, Sun M. Treatment of nonspecific chronic prostatitis with Qian Lie Xian Yan Suppository in 104 cases. J Tradit Chin Med. 2001;21:90–2. [PubMed]
60. Zhang Y, Liu Y. Study on treatment of blood stasis syndrome of chronic prostatitis using prostatitis decoction and its extract capsule. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 1998;18:534–6. (in Chinese) [PubMed]
61. Zhang YQ, Liu YF, Yu LH. Effect of herbal prostatitis decoction on experimental prostatitis in rats. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 1991;11:480–1. 453–4 (in Chinese) [PubMed]
62. Kaneko S, Akiyama T, Kurita T. Combined treatment of chronic prostatitis with sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim and hachimi-ji-oh-gan Hinyokika Kiyo. 1988;34:1091–5. (in Japanese) [PubMed]
63. McNaughton C, Mac Donald R, Wilt T. Interventions for chronic abacterial prostatitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001;1:CD002080. [PubMed]
64. Propert KJ, Alexander RB, Nickel JC, Kusek JW, Litwin MS, Landis JR, et al. Design of a multicenter randomized clinical trial for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Urology. 2002;59:870–6. [PubMed]

Alpha wave

Posted by Maddalena Frau on December 27, 2013 at 12:05 AM Comments comments (0)

Alpha waves are electromagnetic oscillations in the frequency arising from synchronous and coherent (in phase / constructive) electrical activity of large groups of neurons in the human brain.

EEG Biofeedback  (often called neurotherapy or neurofeedback) is a learning strategy that enables persons to alter their brain waves by getting a feedback of their present state.

For more information about the topic Alpha wave, read the full article at Wikipedia.org, or see the following related articles:

Electroencephalography is the neurophysiologic measurement of the electrical activity of the brain by recording from electrodes placed on the scalp or, in special cases, on the cortex.

Functional neuroimaging is the use of neuroimaging technology to measure an aspect of brain function, often with a view to understanding the relationship between activity in certain brain areas and specific mental functions.

Rapid eye movement (REM) is the stage of sleep characterized by rapid saccadic movements of the eyes.

A mirror neuron is a neuron which fires both when an animal performs an action and when the animal observes the same action performed by another (especially conspecific) animal.

Sensory neurons are nerve cells within the nervous system responsible for converting external stimuli from the organism's environment into internal electrical impulses.

Phantom limb is a phantom sensation in amputated or missing limbs. A phantom sensation is a feeling that a missing limb is still attached to the body

In vertebrates, motor neurons (also called motoneurons) are efferent neurons that originate in the spinal cord and synapse with muscle fibers to facilitate muscle contraction and with muscle spindles to modify proprioceptive sensitivity.

Narcolepsy is a neurological condition most characterized by Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS), episodes of sleep and disorder of REM or rapid eye movement sleep.

The auditory system is the sensory system for the sense of hearing. The sound waves enter the ear canal, a simple tube (but one which amplifies sounds that are between 3 and 12 kHz).

Seizures are temporary abnormal electro-physiologic phenomena of the brain, resulting in abnormal synchronization of electrical neuronal activity.

Note: This page refers to an article that is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the article Seizure at Wikipedia.org. See the Wikipedia copyright page for more details.

Editor's Note: This article is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

New Tech Lets Cholesterol-Tracking Smartphone Users Take Lifesaving Selfies

Posted by Maddalena Frau on December 26, 2013 at 11:50 PM Comments comments (0)

With a new smartphone device, you can now take an accurate iPhone camera selfie that could save your life -- it reads your cholesterol level in about a minute.

Forget those clumsy, complicated, home cholesterol-testing devices. Cornell engineers have created the Smartphone Cholesterol Application for Rapid Diagnostics, or "smartCARD," which employs your smartphone's camera to read your cholesterol level.

"Smartphones have the potential to address health issues by eliminating the need for specialized equipment," said David Erickson, Cornell associate professor of mechanical engineering and senior author on a new peer-reviewed study. Thanks to advanced, sophisticated camera technology, Erickson and his colleagues have created a smartphone accessory that optically detects biomarkers in a drop of blood, sweat or saliva. The new application then discerns the results using color analysis.

When a user puts a drop of blood on the cholesterol test strip, it processes the blood through separation steps and chemical reactions. The strip is then ready for colorimetric analysis by the smartphone application.

The smartCARD accessory -- which looks somewhat like a smartphone credit card reader -- clamps over the phone's camera. Its built-in flash provides uniform, diffused light to illuminate the test strip that fits into the smartCARD reader. The application in the phone calibrates the hue saturation to the image's color values on the cholesterol test strip, and the results appear on your phone.

Currently, the test measures total cholesterol. The Erickson lab is working to break out those numbers in LDL ("bad" cholesterol), HDL ("good" cholesterol) and triglyceride measurements. The lab is also working on detecting vitamin D levels, and has previously demonstrated smartphone tests for periodontitis and sweat electrolyte levels.

"By 2016, there will be an estimated 260 million smartphones in use in the United States. Smartphones are ubiquitous," said Erickson, adding that although smartCARD is ready to be brought to market immediately, he is optimistic that it will have even more its advanced capabilities in less than a year. "Mobil health is increasing at an incredible rate," he concluded. "It's the next big thing."

Cleve Backster - Primary Perception And The Consciousness Of Plants

Posted by Maddalena Frau on November 7, 2013 at 3:50 AM Comments comments (0)

If you are a medical doctor, a physician or surgeon, or a professional who deals with human beings and their problems, this book is a must-read. For the rest of the intelligent population, this book is a should-read. Personally, this reviewer highly recommends that you buy and read this interesting report by Cleve Backster about Cleve Backster's life's work.

This reviewer's first information about Cleve Backster came from reading about his early work in Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird's The Secret Life of Plants. It was amazing to me then, and still is, that a person skilled in the use of a polygraph (equipment used for lie-detection) would think to hook up the polygraph to a plant to measure the plant's response. Backster was about to water a Dracaena plant in the office and wondered whether he could measure the movement of the water into the plant leaves. From such an initial thought came a life's work and changes in the way we must view universal life. You will enjoy the story as told by Backster. From viewing the traces of the polygraph sensor, the results were different than Backster expected and he noted a surge response that was somewhat like one would measure when questioning a person. As Backster relates: "Well, if this plant wants to show me some people-like reactions, I've got to use some people like rules on it and see it I can get this to happen again."

Later Backster decided to try something that the plant could really feel like using a flame to burn a leaf. It was astonishing to note that it was the THOUGHT of burning a leaf to which the polygraph showed an immediate response! From this bit of history, it must be stated that science now has years of data on plant, animal, and even microscopic life forms and their ability to respond to thought processes.

One interesting example was Backster's observation of a plant's reaction on the polygraph when he poured boiling water down the sink. What could hot water going down a sink have to do with a response from his measurements? The answer led into a new series of investigations. It had to be that live microscopic organisms in the drain were killed by the hot water - thus the response. Astonishing that bacteria could emit signals that could be received many feet away by another life form.

As a scientist I can understand why it has taken so long for the enormously important discoveries being made by Cleve Backster to begin to be accepted by the scientific community. It is strongly a part of science's understanding of life that some type of a brain or nervous system would be required to respond to (or emit) stimuli. How could a plant, an egg, a cup of yogurt, or just some white cells from a person's mouth either respond to or emit detectable stimuli?

Cleve Backster's book is both a trail of discovery and the slow and grudging partial acceptance by some scientists of the fact that all living cells appear to have some sensitivity to the well-being of other life forms. Science has not, as yet, accepted Backster's discoveries. A scientific fact is best defined as: A series of observations of the same phenomena. This definition implies replication. Backster's book reports on a variety of replications of his work both by other investigators and by military laboratories.

At the beginning of Chapter 8, Backster includes the following quote from Max Planck: A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die and the new generation grows up that's familiar with it.

Unfortunately, even the best of scientists among us have some problems with accepting dramatic changes resulting from new discoveries. This author is well acquainted with the difficulty of "teaching old dogs new tricks." We become so immersed in making incremental advances in our own scientific specialties that we often lose sight of the dramatic changes that are being discovered and, hopefully, gradually accepted.

Backster ends with a discussion of what is needed for the further development and acceptance of biocommunication. What is needed is inexpensive monitoring devices (so that high school students, for example, can replicate and/or extend some of Backster's work). Simple sensing devices are pretty well developed. Yards of chart paper is expensive and so are chart-type recorders. This reviewer suggests that the use of some of the megabytes of computer memory can store an enormous amount of data and should be used for recording and display of sensory changes.

In the Secret Life of Plants, this reviewer read about how a carrot being sliced could emit signals that could be picked up by another life form being monitored. However, if prayer was first used, then the carrot did not emit such signals. Perhaps, the bible has some interesting reason for suggesting that one prayer over the food. Do you pray before slicing your carrots? You may want to after reading Cleve Backster's life's work. Backster also indicates how some cells also go silent under some other circumstances. This effect sometimes makes it more difficult to replicate a given experiment.

Again, this reviewer strongly recommends that you read about biocommunication. It may just change the way you view all of the living world. You may become nicer to your plants.


Posted by Maddalena Frau on October 25, 2013 at 1:20 AM Comments comments (0)


Most hormones are produced by a group of glands known collectively as the endocrine system. Even though these glands are located in various parts of the body, they are considered one system because of their similar functions and relationship to each other.

Hormones are extremely potent substances. It takes only a minute amount to initiate an action. Hormones are secreted into the bloodstream by the glands. From there, they travel to all parts of the body. But only the cells sensitive to that hormone—called the target tissue--will respond to the chemical signal the hormone carries. Traveling through the blood, hormones enter cells through “receptor” sites, much as a key unlocks a door. Once inside, they get to work, flipping the switches that govern growth, development, and mental and physical functions throughout life. All that changes when your hormones become unbalanced due to physical and emotional stress or the effects of aging. Signals do not reach the right place at the right time. Sometimes cell functions shut down completely. In other cases, cells are over stimulated. All this chaos causes unpleasant symptoms, at the very least. In severe situations, these imbalances can lead to chronic disorders or disease.

Most hormones cannot be stored in the cells of the body. Therefore, they must be made and released into the blood at the precise time they are needed. To maintain the intricate systems in which hormones operate, the body must constantly fine-tune hormone release to keep levels within proper limits. This balance is accomplished through an intricate series of positive and negative feedback mechanisms. For example, an overproduction of one hormone usually prompts the release of one or more complementary hormones in an effort to restore balance. Because of the complexity of these interactions, a hormonal issue rarely stems from only one type of hormone. More often, the problem involves a series of hormones. In addition, a disruption in the balance of hormones produced by one gland or set of glands can cause other gland systems to malfunction.

Hormone Balance: The Key to Health

You've probably heard more about hormones and hormonal imbalances recently - as researchers have become more aware of evidence showing this may be the root cause of many chronic health issues you could be experiencing.

Your hormones should exist in harmony with each other. When levels of each hormone are in the right proportions, body systems are stable. When balance is lost, hormone deficiencies and excesses can cause chronic symptoms and disorders, and raise risks for disease.

A whole host of symptoms may signify an imbalance:

  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Weight Gain
  • Irritability
  • Infertiliy
  • Mood swings
  • Loss of libido (sex drive)
  • Depression

The symptoms of hormonal shifts occuring in our bodies can be very strong and can even make you feel out of control at times.

If you have tried to figure out what is happening or perhaps treated your symptoms in ways that don't seem to work, testing your hormones may be the first step to feeling better.

Saliva and blood spot testing reliably identify hormone imbalances. Hormones exist in harmony with each other – partners in a delicate balancing act. When levels of each hormone are in the right proportions, body systems are stable. When balance is lost, hormone deficiencies and excesses can become toxic to the body causing unwanted symptoms, disorders and disease.

Female Hormone Imbalance

The ovaries produce many hormones. Chief among them are estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. The ovarian hormones estrogen and progesterone interact to coordinate a woman’s menstrual cycle during her reproductive years. The brain produces the hormones follicle stimulating hormones (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) which trigger hormone production from the ovaries. When any of the hormones coming from the brain or the ovaries are imbalanced, symptoms may occur. Imbalances are most common in puberty and menopause, but imbalances can happen at any age. Several conditions are well known to be associated with hormonal imbalance including: polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, breast disease, and menstrual irregularities.

Symptoms of female hormone imbalance 

  • Acne or oily skin
  • Bloating
  • Bone loss
  • Decreased fertility
  • Depression
  • Excess facial and body hair
  • Hot flashes
  • Heavy or painful periods
  • Irregular periods
  • Irritability
  • Loss of muscle mass
  • Loss of scalp hair
  • Low libido
  • Memory lapses
  • Mood swings
  • Nervousness
  • Night sweats
  • Poor concentration
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Tender or fibrocystic breasts
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Weight gain

ZRT offers simple tests for hormone imbalances using saliva, dried blood spots, and dried urine strips, which can be performed easily at a health care practitioner's office or at home.  The sample is then sent to ZRT for analysis.  With ZRT's innovative testing, there is no more wasted time and resources going to a lab for a painful blood draw.

Male Hormone Imbalance

The testes produce nearly 95% of all male testosterone. The balance is supplied by the adrenal glands. They also produce small amounts of estrogen. The brain produces the pituitary hormones follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) which trigger hormone production from the testes. As a man gets older, testosterone levels fall and estrogen levels tend to rise. Lower testosterone levels may affect bone density, muscle strength, body composition and sex drive. The imbalance that occurs when testosterone is low in relation to estrogen may also contribute to prostate problems.

Symptoms of male hormone imbalance

  • Bone loss
  • Decreased mental clarity
  • Decreased muscle strength
  • Decreased stamina
  • Decreased urine flow
  • Depression
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Hot flashes
  • Increased abdominal fat
  • Increased urge to urinate
  • Irritability
  • Low sex drive
  • Mood swings
  • Night sweats
  • Poor concentration
  • Sleep disturbances

When hormones are out of balance, these imbalanced interactions may provoke a wide range of symptoms.


Quantum biology: Do weird physics effects abound in nature?

Posted by Maddalena Frau on October 14, 2013 at 9:50 AM Comments comments (0)

Perfume chemist The multi-billion-dollar fragrance industry might just benefit from the ideas in quantum biology

Disappearing in one place and reappearing in another. Being in two places at once. Communicating information seemingly faster than the speed of light.

This kind of weird behaviour is commonplace in dark, still laboratories studying the branch of physics called quantum mechanics, but what might it have to do with fresh flowers, migrating birds, and the smell of rotten eggs?

Welcome to the frontier of what is called quantum biology.

It is still a tentative, even speculative discipline, but what scientists are learning from it might just spark revolutions in the development of new drugs, computers and perfumes - or even help in the fight against cancer.

Until recently, the delicate states of matter predicted by quantum mechanics have only been accessed with the most careful experiments: isolated particles at blisteringly low temperatures or pressures approaching that of deep space.

The idea that biology - impossibly warm, wet and messy to your average physicist - should play host to these states was almost heretical.

But a few strands of evidence were bringing the idea into the mainstream, said Luca Turin of the Fleming Institute in Greece.

"There are definitely three areas that have turned out to be manifestly quantum," Dr Turin told the BBC. "These three things... have dispelled the idea that quantum mechanics had nothing to say about biology."

SEM of chloroplast
Deep within plants' energy-harvesting machinery lie distinctly quantum tricks

The most established of the three is photosynthesis - the staggeringly efficient process by which plants and some bacteria build the molecules they need, using energy from sunlight. It seems to use what is called "superposition" - being seemingly in more than one place at one time.

Watch the process closely enough and it appears there are little packets of energy simultaneously "trying" all of the possible paths to get where they need to go, and then settling on the most efficient.

"Biology seems to have been able to use these subtle effects in a warm, wet environment and still maintain the [superposition]. How it does that we don't understand," Richard Cogdell of the University of Glasgow told the BBC.

But the surprise may not stop at plants - there are good hints that the trickery is present in animals, too: the navigational feats of birds that cross countries, continents or even fly pole to pole present a compelling behavioural case.

Experiments show that European robins only oriented themselves for migration under certain colours of light, and that very weak radio waves could completely mix up their sense of direction. Neither should affect the standard compass that biologists once believed birds had within their cells.

What makes more sense is the quantum effect of entanglement. Under quantum rules, no matter how far apart an "entangled" pair of particles gets, each seems to "know" what the other is up to - they can even seem to pass information to one another faster than the speed of light.


The weird world of quantum mechanics

Albert Einstein

Quantum mechanics starts with the simple idea that energy does not come in just any amount; it comes in discrete chunks, called quanta. But deeper into the theory, some truly surprising - and useful - effects crop up

  • Super'chooses' one particular state
  • Entanglement: Two particles can become entangled so that their properties depend on each other - no matter how far apart they get. A measurement of one seems to affect the measurement of the other instantaneously - an idea even Einstein called "spooky"
  • Tunnelling: A particle can break through an energy barrier, seeming to disappear on one side of it and reappear on the other. Lots of modern electronics and imaging depends on this effect
  • How Einstein changed our ideas about the entire Universe

Experiments suggest this is going on within single molecules in birds' eyes, and John Morton of University College London explained that the way birds sense it could be stranger still.

"You could think about that as... a kind of 'heads-up display' like what pilots have: an image of the magnetic field... imprinted on top of the image that they see around them," he said.

The idea continues to be somewhat controversial - as is the one that your nose might be doing a bit of quantum biology.

Most smell researchers think the way that we smell has to do only with the shapes of odour molecules matching those of receptors in our noses.

But Dr Turin believes that the way smell molecules wiggle and vibrate is responsible - thanks to the quantum effect called tunnelling.

The idea holds that electrons in the receptors in our noses disappear on one side of a smell molecule and reappear on the other, leaving a little bit of energy behind in the process.

A paper published in Plos One this week shows that people can tell the difference between two molecules of identical shape but with different vibrations, suggesting that shape is not the only thing at work.

What intrigues all these researchers is how much more quantum trickery may be out there in nature.

"Are these three fields the tip of the iceberg, or is there actually no iceberg underneath?" asked Dr Turin. "We just don't know. And we won't know until we go and look."

'Hugely important'

That question has ignited a global push. In 2012, the European Science Foundation launched its Farquest programme, aiming to map out a pan-European quantum research structure in which quantum biology plays a big role.

And the US defence research agency, Darpa, has been running a nationwide quantum biology network since 2010. Departments dedicated to the topic are springing up in countries ranging from Germany to India.

European robin
Do European robins use the molecular equivalent of a pilot's heads-up display?

A better understanding of smell could make the hit-and-miss business of making new fragrances more directed, and learning from nature's tricks could help with developing next-generation quantum computers.

But what the next wave of quantum biologists finds could be truly profound.

Simon Gane, a researcher at the Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital and lead author of the Plos One paper, said that the tiny receptors in our noses are what are called G-protein coupled receptors.

"They're a sub-family of the receptors we have on all cells in our body - they're the targets of most drug development," he explained.

"What if - and this is a very big if - there's a major form of receptor-drug interaction that we're just not noticing because we're not looking for a quantum effect? That would have profound implications for drug development, design and discovery."

Jim Al-Khalili of the University of Surrey is investigating whether tunnelling occurs during mutations to our DNA - a question that may be relevant to the evolution of life itself, or cancer research.

He told the BBC: "If quantum tunnelling is an important mechanism in mutations, is quantum mechanics going to somehow answer some of the questions about how a cell becomes cancerous?

"And suddenly you think, 'Wow!' Quantum mechanics is not just a crazy side issue or a fringe field where some people are looking at some cranky ideas. If it really might help answer some of the very big questions in science, then it's hugely important."

By Jason Palmer and Alex Mansfield

BBC News and BBC Radio Science Unit

Quantum Theory

Posted by Maddalena Frau on October 14, 2013 at 9:45 AM Comments comments (0)

Quantum Theory (or Quantum Mechanics or Quantum Physics - the terms are interchangeable) is an extension of physics in order to cover the behaviour of microscopic objects. Physics as it was before Quantum Theory is called Classical Physics.

On some versions Quantum Theory includes Classical Physics as a special case. From the start the theory was subject to controversy and developed into a wealth of different forms, mostly agreeing at the level of practical calculation but disagreeing wildly as to the interpretation.

The question "what is quantum theory" is therefore a difficult one.

Both Classical and Quantum Physics describe how the observable properties of a system change with time.

The "system" (which here means "thing") can be anything from an atom to the universe; its properties are quantities like position, momentum, energy, the internal arrangements of its parts and so on.

In Classical Physics there is a set of properties for any given system (namely the positions and velocities of all its parts) which completely determines its time-development and the properties at any later time.

In Quantum Physics there is no such complete set of properties. Instead

1. At any given time there are many different possible sets of properties, any one of which sets can be observed; but it is not possible to observe all the properties simultaneously. For instance, position and velocity cannot be observed simultaneously; the first gives a particle-picture the second a wave-picture.

2. Any properties at a later time cannot (except in special circumstances) be determined by observing properties at an earlier time. Only their probabilities are fixed by the earlier observation.

The term observed means different things in different versions: e.g. "manifested," "recorded by a macroscopic instrument," "brought to (human?) consciousness" and so on. The last possibility links quantum theory with theories of mind. At any given time there is a well defined specification of the probability of observing any given property. This collection of probabilities is fixed by (or in some versions is identical with) the quantum state, but this state is not itself observable. Interpretations differ as to whether the state is real or a mathematical abstraction, with profound consequences for the whole notion of reality in physics.

The earliest interpretations, dating from workers in Copenhagen, used a two-tier world: a small system obeying non-Classical Physics and an observing laboratory obeying Classical Physics. The many pre-1965 theories tend to call themselves "The Copenhagen Interpretation." Later interpretations tried to achieve a more unified view. This history introduced a succession of alternative structures: the collapse of the state, many worlds, environmental diffusion and so on. These have almost all been superseded.

Systems with infinitely many degrees of freedom (in particular, fields such as the electromagnetic field) are described by quantum field theory whose states can all be constructed out of a special state of the field in question called the vacuum for that field. The vacuum has zero energy (except in Dirac's theory which enjoyed brief popularity).

Prof. Chris Clarke is visiting Professor in the Faculty of Mathematical Studies, University of Southampton. He is the author of 'Reality Through the Looking Glass' (1995).

Flower Symbols

Posted by Maddalena Frau on October 14, 2013 at 1:20 AM Comments comments (0)

Since antiquity, flower symbolism has been a significant part of cultures around the world. Flowers accompany us in every major event in
life--birth, marriage, holidays, graduations, illness, and finally
death. Flowers have been grown in decorative gardens and used as
adornment for centuries on virtually every continent on earth. Finding
the right flower to give to someone your love is an art. Make sure to
include a note about the meaning of the flower!

Flower Symbolism and Religion

Flower SymbolismFlower symbolism began with many ancient religions. Many flowers were originally linked to ancient deities including Venus, Diana, Jupiter
and Apollo. During the Renaissance, nature was viewed as a reflection
of the divine.

Flower symbolism was included in much of the religious art of the day and medieval gardens were often created with both the symbolic meaning of
flowers and spiritual symbolism in mind.
Flower symbols were used in the religious art of the Middle Ages and
Renaissance, and reached the highest level of development in the
Victorian era.

The Victorian Language of Flowers

Flower SymbolismAlthough the legendary associations and religious meanings of flower symbolism have existed for centuries, the use of the symbolic meaning of flowers
to represent emotions was developed to a high degree during Victorian

Due to the strict protocol of the times, emotions, wishes and thoughts were not openly expressed between men and women. Instead, an elaborate language
based on flower symbolism was developed. Gifts of either single flowers
or bouquets conveyed clear messages to the recipient.

Guidebooks for Flower Symbols

Flower LanguageWith increasing complexity of flower symbolism, handbooks were written to guide the understanding of the symbolic meaning of flowers. The first
book written on flower symbolism in modern times was Le Language des Fleurs
by Madame Charlotte de la Tour in 1819. The most popular book on flower
symbolism, which remains a prominent resource today, is Kate
Greenaway's Language of Flowers (1884).

During the Victorian era, flowers adorned nearly everything--hair, clothing, jewelry, home decor, china plates, stationary, wallpaper, furniture and
more. Even the scents of flowers had their own meanings in the language
of flowers. For example, a scented handkerchief might be given in place
of actual flowers.

Modern Symbolism of Flowers

Flower PaintingsFlowers are still used today to convey feelings in a more general way than in Victorian times. Many florists provide information on the language of
flowers to encourage the practice of helping modern gift-givers to "say
it with flowers." The flower symbolism for many flowers has been
obscured by time and may remain only as a few key phrases or words.

The beauty and feminine quality of flowers also inspired the tradition of naming girls after flower names. This tradition has existed in many
cultures throughout history and continues today. Popular girls' names
related to flowers include Rose, Daisy, Lily, Holly, Violet, Heather,
Fern, Jasmine, Myrtle, and Lavender.

Illustrated List of Flower Symbols

Flower symbolism and other fascinating facts about many flowers and plants from around the world are included in the following illustrated list of
the symbolic meaning of flowers:

Aster Flower Symbolism

aster flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with asters is daintiness, love, from Greek word for "star." Asters are believed to have healing properties. Asters
were laid on the graves of French soldiers to to symbolize the wish
that things had turned out differently.

Azalea Flower Symbolism

azalea flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with azaleas is temperance, passion, womanhood (China), take care of yourself for me and fragile passion.
Azaleas are members of the rhododendron family (see more below).
Azaleas grow as shrubs and small trees with large, showy flowers and
are popular as ornamental plants in landscaping.

Baby's Breath Flower Symbolism

baby's breath flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with baby's breath is purity of heart, innocence, the breath of the Holy Spirit. Baby's breath is white with
dense, delicate clusters of flowers. They are native to Europe, but
have been naturalized throughout the eastern United States. Baby's
breath is a traditional filler flower for bouquets, boutonnieres and

Bachelor Button Flower Symbolism

bachleor button flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with bachelor buttons is celibacy, single, blessedness, hope in love, delicacy. The bachelor's button is also
known as the cornflower, basket flower and boutonniere flower. Bachelor
buttons are blue and have been prized historically for their pigment.
According to folklore, a young man would wear a bachelor button flower
to indicate his love for a young woman, If the love was unrequited, the
flower would fade quickly. The bachelor button, or blue cornflower, is
the national flower of Poland.

Bamboo Symbolism

The bamboo is the most popular plant in China and represents the spirit of summer. The bamboo is considered a gentleman with perfect virtues. The
bamboo combines upright integrity with accommodating flexibility. It
has the perfect balance of grace and strength, or the Yin and the Yang.
When a storm comes, the bamboo bends with the wind. When the storm
ceases, it resumes its upright position. Bamboo symbolizes longevity,
immortality and youth. Its ability to cope with adversity and still
stand firmly without losing its original ground is inspirational.

Begonia Flower Symbolism

begonia flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with begonias is fanciful nature and beware. Begonias are large shrubs which grow in subtropical and
tropical moist climates, in South and Central America, Africa and
southern Asia. Because of their showy flowers of white, pink, scarlet
or yellow color and often attractively marked leaves, many species and
innumerable hybrids of begonias are cultivated.

Bird of Paradise Flower Symbolism

bird of paradise flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the bird of paradise flower is freedom, good perspective, faithfulness (when given from a woman to a
man). The bird of paradise flower is so-named because of a resemblance
to the actual bird of paradise. In South Africa it is commonly known as
a "crane" flower. The leaves are large, 30-200 cm long and 10-80 cm
broad, similar to a banana leaf but with a longer petiole, and arranged
to form a fan-like crown of evergreen foliage.

Bluebell Flower Symbolism

bluebell flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with bluebells is humility, constancy and gratitude. Bluebells are closely linked to the realm of fairies and are
sometimes referred to as "fairy thimbles." To call fairies to a
convention, the bluebells would be rung.

Buttercup Flower Symbolism

The flower symbolism associated with buttercups is humility, neatness, childishness. Buttercups are part of a large genus of 400 species.
Buttercups usually flower in April or May but flowers may be found
throughout the summer. In the Pacific Northwest (USA) the buttercup is
called ‘Coyote’s eyes.’ In the original legend, a coyote was tossing
his eyes up in the air and catching them again when an eagle snatched
them. Unable to see, coyote made eyes from the buttercup.

Cactus Flower Symbolism

cactus flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the cactus flower is endurance, my heart burns with love, maternal love. Cacti are distinctive and unusual
plants, adapted to extremely arid and hot climates, with a wide range
of features which conserve water. Their stems have expanded into green
succulent structures containing the chlorophyll necessary for life and
growth, while the leaves have become the spines for which cacti are so
well known.

Calendula Flower Symbolism

calendula flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the calendula is grief, despair and sorrow. Calendula blossoms in wine are said to ease indigestion.
Calendula petals are used in ointments to cure skin irritations,
jaundice, sore eyes and toothaches.

Calla Lily Flower Symbolism

calla lily flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the calla lily is magnificent beauty. Calla lilies are native to southern Africa. The calla lily is visible
in many of Diego Rivera's works of art. Georgia O'Keeffe's sensual
flowers redefined the flower as a pure, almost geometric form. Her
painting "Calla Lilies with Red Anemone" (1928) recently was sold for
$6.2 million at a Christie's auction in New York.

Camellia Flowers

The symbolic meaning of camellia flowers is admiration, perfection, good luck gift for a man, gratitude, nobility of reasoning. The colors have
specific symbolic meanings including innate worth, adoration,
perfection and loveliness (white); longing, longing for a man (pink);
and you're a flame in my heart or excellence (red).

Carnation Flower Symbolism

carnation flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the carnation is fascination, impulsiveness, fascination, capriciousness, joy, devoted love; disdain,
refusal (white only). Carnations were used in Greek ceremonial crowns.
The name carnation may come from the Greek carnis (flesh) and refer to
the incarnation of God made flesh.

Cattail Flower Symbolism

The flower symbolism associated with the cattail is peace and prosperity. Cattails or bulrushes are wetland plants with spongy, strap-like leaves
and starchy, creeping stems. The thick root can be ground to make a
flour substitute. The spread of cattails is an important part of the
process of open water bodies being converted to vegetated marshland and
eventually to dry land.

Chamomile Flower Symbolism

chamomile flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the chamomile flower is energy in action. The extract of German chamomile is taken as a strong tea. It
has been used in herbal medicine as a a digestive aid and has
anti-inflammatory properties. It is also used in ointments and lotions,
and as a mouthwash against infections of mouth and gums.

Cherry Blossom Flower Symbolism

cherry blossom flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the cherry blossom is education. In China, the cherry blossom is also a symbol of feminine beauty. It also
represents the feminine principle and love. In Japan, cherry blossoms
symbolize the transience of life because of their short blooming times.
Falling blossoms are metaphors for fallen warriors who died bravely in
battle. This connotation links them with the samarai.

Christmas Rose Flower Symbolism

Chrsitmas rose flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the Christmas rose is that it is purported to have flowered on Christmas Day, and is therefore
associated with the infant Jesus. The Christmas Rose is a member of the
genus Helleborus and is not related to the rose bush. The Christmas
Rose is frost-resistant and many species are evergreens. The Christmas
Rose of Mary Gardens bears pure white or pink flowers and are sometimes
known as the Lenten Rose.

Chrysanthemum Flower Symbolism

chrysanthemum flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the chrysanthemum is abundance, wealth, cheerfulness, optimism, truth (white), hope, rest and wonderful
friendship, I love (red), slighted love (yellow). The Japanese put a
single chrysanthemum petal on the bottom of a wine glass to sustain a
long and healthy life. Japanese emperors sat on the Chrysanthemum
throne. In Italy, chrysanthemums are associated with death.

Crocus Flower Symbolism

crocus flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the crocus is cheerfulness and gladness. The genus crocus is placed botanically in the iris family.
The plants grow from corms and are mainly perennials. They are found a
wide range of habitats including woodland and meadows.

Cyclamen Flower Symbolism

The flower symbolism associated with cyclamen flowers is resignation and goodbye. Cyclamen are native in the Mediterranean and Africa. Cyclamen
grow in dry forest or scrub areas.

Daffodil Flower Symbolism

daffodil flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the daffodil is regard, unrequited love, chivalry, sunshine, respect and the sun shines when I'm with you.
Though the traditional daffodil of folklore, poetry, and field may have
a yellow to golden-yellow color all over, both in the wild species and
due to breeding, the daffodil may be variously colored. Breeders have
developed some daffodils with double, triple, or ambiguously multiple
rows of petals, and several wild species also have known double

Dahlia Flower Symbolism

dahlia flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the dahlia is dignity, elegance, forever thine. The Aztecs used dahlias as a treatment for epilepsy.
Europeans used the dahlia as a source of food in the 1840s when disease
destroyed the French potato crop.

Daisy Flower Symbolism

daisy floer symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the daisy is purity, innocence, loyal love, beauty, patience and simplicity. Daisies are often depicted in
meadows in Medieval paintings, also known as a "flowery mead." Daisies
are believed to be more than 4,000 years old and hairpins decorated
with daisies were found during the excavation of the Minoan Palace on
the Island of Crete. Even further back, Egyptian ceramics were
decorated with daisies. Daisies were used in Mary Gardens.

Dandelion Flower Symbolism

dandelion flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the dandelion is love me, affection returned, desire, sympathy, faithfulness, happiness and love's oracle.
The dandelion is native to Europe and Asia, and has been introduced to
many other places. In northern areas and places where the dandelion is
not native, it has become a weed, exploiting disturbed ground in human

Day Lily Flowers

The symbolic meaning of the day lily is forgetting worries. As an omen for expectant mothers who wish for baby boys, the flower means "Suited for
A Boy." The Chinese also venerate the day lily as a symbol of filial
devotion to one's mother.

elphinium Flower Symbolism

delphinium flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the delphinium is big-hearted, fun, lightness, levity, ardent attachment. The name delphinium comes from
the Greek word delphis, a reference to the flower's resemblance to the
bottle-like nose of the dolphin. Delphiniums were used by Native
Americans to make blue dye. European settlers used delphinium for
making ink. Delphiniums were also once thought to drive away scorpions.

Edelweiss Flower Symbolism

edelweiss flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the edelweiss flower is daring, courage and noble purity. The flowers are felted and woolly with white
hairs, with characteristic bloom consisting of five to six small yellow
flower heads surrounded by leaflets.

Fern Symbolism

fern flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with ferns is magic, fascination, confidence, shelter, discretion, reverie and a secret bond of love. A
great many ferns are grown as landscape plants, for foliage for cut
bouquets and as houseplants.

Forget-Me-Not Flower Symbolism

forget-me-not flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the forget-me-not is true love and memories. In 15th century Germany, it was supposed that the wearers of
the flower would not be forgotten by their lovers. Legend has it that
in medieval times, a knight and his lady were walking along the side of
a river. He picked a posy of flowers, but because of the weight of his
armour he fell into the river. As he was drowning he threw the posy to
his loved one and shouted "Forget-me-not". It is also told in pious
legend that the Christ child was sitting on Mary's lap one day and said
that he wished that future generations could see them. He touched her
eyes and then waved his hand over the ground and blue forget-me-nots

Foxglove Flower Symbolism

fosglove floer symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the foxglove is stateliness and youth. Foxglove flowers have both positive and negative symbolic meanings.
They are said to sometimes hurt and sometimes heal. The scientific name
is digitalis, a reference to the presence of powerful chemicals that
can heal heart conditions if taken correctly but can kill if taken in
large amounts. Thus, foxglove is symbolic of both healing and harm.

Fuchsia Flower Symbolism

fuchsia flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the fuchsia is confiding love. Fuchsia flowers are a very decorative pendulous "eardrop" shape, borne in
profusion throughout the summer and autumn, and all year in tropical
species. In many species, the sepals are bright red and the petals
purple, a combination of colors that attract hummingbirds.

Gardenia Flower Symbolism

gardenia flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the gardenia is you're lovely, secret love, purity and refinement. Gardenia plants are prized for the strong
sweet scent of their flowers, which can be very large in some species.

Geranium Flower Symbolism

geranium flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the geranium is a true friend, stupidity, folly and meeting. The genus name is derived from the Greek
word geranos, meaning "crane". The name derives from the appearance of
the seed-heads, which have the same shape as the bill of a crane.

Gladiolus Flower Symbolism

gladiolus flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the gladiolus is preparedness, strength, splendid beauty and love at first sight. The gladiolus is
named for the shape of its leaves, "gladius" or sword. The gladiolus is
said to have symbolized the Roman gladiators. The British used the stem
base (corms) as a poultice for thorns and splinters.

Globe Amaranth Flower Symbolism

globe amaranth flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the globe amaranth is unfading love. The globe amaranth is an annual plant that grows up to 24 inches in
height. The true species has magenta flowers, and garden varieties have
additional colors such as purple, red, white, pink, and lilac.

Holly Flower Symbolism

holly flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the holly is defense, domestic happiness and forecast. The Romans decorated their hallways with holly
garlands for their mid-winter celebration, Saturnalia. Medieval monks
called the holly the Holy Tree and believed holly would keep away evil
spirits and protects their homes from lightening. In Christianity, the
pointed leaves represented the crown of thorns worn by Jesus, and the
red berries symbolized drops of his blood.

Honeysuckle Flower Symbolism

honeysuckle flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the honeysuckle is bond of love and I love you. Wood cuttings from honeysuckle are sold as cat toys. The wood
contains nepetalactone, the active ingredient found in catnip.

Huckleberry Symbolism

hucleberry symbolismThe symbolism associated with the huckleberry is faith and simple pleasures. The tiny size of huckleberries led to their frequent use as
a way of referring to something small, often in an affectionate way.
The phrase "a huckleberry over my persimmon" was used to mean "a bit
beyond my abilities". "I'll be your huckleberry" is a way of saying
that one is just the right person for a given job.

Hyacinth Flower Symbolism

hyacinth flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the hyacinth is games, sports, rashness, and playful joy. Hyacinths are named after Hyacinth, a figure
in Greek mythology. Hyacinths are sometimes associated with rebirth.
The hyacinth flower is used in the Haftseen table setting for the
Persian New Year celebration. The prophet Mohammad is reported to have
said “If I had but two loaves of bread, I would sell one and buy
hyacinths, for they would feed my soul.”

Impatiens Flower Symbolism

Impatiens Flower SymbolismThe flower symbolism associated with impatiens flowers is motherly love. Impatiens flowers come in a wide variety of forms including flat
flowers and orchid-like shapes. In the medieval Mary gardens devoted to
the Virgin Mary, impatiens plants were called "Our Lady's earrings."

Iris Flower Symbolism

iris flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the iris is faith, wisdom, cherished friendship, hope, valor, my compliments, promise in love, wisdom. Irises
were used in Mary Gardens. The blade-shaped foliage denotes the sorrows
which 'pierced her heart.' The iris is the emblem of both France and
Florence, Italy.

Ivy Symbolism

ivy symbolismThe symbolism associated with ivy is wedded love, fidelity, friendship and affection. Ivy walls are considered idyllic and charming. A soundly
mortared wall is impenetrable to the climbing roots of ivy and will not
be damaged, and is also protected from further weathering by the ivy.
However, walls with already weak or loose mortar may be badly damaged,
as the ivy is able to root into the weak mortar and further break up
the wall.

Jasmine Flower Symbolism

jasmine flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the jasmine flower is attachment, sensuality, modesty, grace and elegance. Jasmines are widely cultivated
for their flowers, enjoyed in the garden, as house plants, and as cut
flowers. The flowers are worn by women in their hair in southern and
southeast Asia. Some claim that the daily consumption of Jasmine tea is
effective in preventing certain cancers.

Lady's Mantle Symbolism

lady's mantle symbolismThe symbolism associated with Lady's Mantle is that of a cloak for for the Blessed Virgin. Lady's mantle was grown in Mary Gardens. The name
alchemilla ("little magical one") derives from the dew which collects
on the lady's mantle. Dew is often associated with magic. The dew was
used as a beauty lotion, while pillows stuffed with it were reputed to
bring on a good sleep.

Lilac Flower Symbolism

lilac flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the lilac is beauty, pride, youthful innocence and youth. A pale purple color is generally known as lilac
after the flower. Lilacs are known for their strong, perfume-like scent
and are the state flower of New Hampshire.

Lily Flower Symbolism

lily floer symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the lily is chastity, virtue, fleur-de-lis, Holy Trinity, faith, wisdom, chivalry, royalty; beauty
(calla), mother (China), hatred (orange), wealth, pride (tiger);
sweetness, virginity, purity, majesty, it's heavenly to be with you
(white); gaiety, gratitude, I'm walking on air (yellow). The flower
symbolism of lilies is associated with the annunciation of the birth of
Jesus by the angel Gabriel. Lilies were used in the flower symbolism of
Mary Gardens. In both Christian and pagan traditions, lilies symbolize
fertility. In Greek marriage ceremonies, the bride wears a crown of

Lotus Flower Symbolism

lotus flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the lotus is estranged love and forgetfulness of the past. The lotus is the national flower of India.
The blue or Indian lotus, also known as the bean of India and the
sacred water-lily of Hinduism and Buddhism. Lotus roots are also used
widely in Asian cooking.

Lupine Flower Symbolism

lupine flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with Lupines are symbolic of imagination. The name "lupinus" actually means "of wolves" due to the mistaken
belief that ancient peoples had that lupines robbed the soil of
nutrients. The fact is that lupines add nitrogen to the soil. Lupines
are the only food for the Karner blue butterfly's caterpillar. The
scent from lupine blossoms is like that of honey, a nice addition to
any garden.

Magnolia Flower Symbolism

magnolia flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with nobility, perseverance and love of nature. Magnolia is the official state state flower of both Mississippi
and Louisiana. The flower's abundance in Mississippi is reflected in
its state nickname, the "Magnolia State". The magnolia is also the
official state tree of Mississippi. One of the oldest nicknames for
Houston, Texas Is "The Magnolia City" due to the abundance of Magnolia
Trees growing along Buffalo Bayou.

Marigold Flower Symbolism

marigold flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with marigolds is indicated in the name: Mary's Gold. Marigold flowers were "golden gifts" offered to the Virgin
by the poor who could not afford to give actual gold. Marigolds were
used in Mary Gardens. Marigolds are symbolic of passion and creativity.
Marigolds are also known as the "Herb of the Sun." Marigolds have been
used as love charms and incorporated into wedding garlands. In some
cultures, marigold flowers have been added to pillows to encourage
prophetic or psychic dreams.

Marjoram Symbolism

marjoram symbolismThe symbolism associated with marjoram is joy and happiness. Marjoram is a somewhat cold-sensitive under shrub with sweet pine and citrus flavors.
It is also called sweet marjoram. Marjoram is cultivated for its
aromatic leaves, either green or dry, for culinary purposes. The tops
are cut as the plants begin to flower and are dried slowly in the shade.

Morning Glory Flower Symbolism

morning glory flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the morning glory is affection. As the name implies, morning glory flowers, which are funnel-shaped, open in
the morning, allowing them to be pollinated by hummingbirds,
butterflies, bees, other daytime insects and birds. The flower
typically lasts for a single morning and dies in the afternoon. New
flowers bloom each day.

Narcissus Flower Symbolism

narcissus flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the narcissus is normality, stay sweet, self-esteem and vanity. The name narcissus is derived from that
of the youth of Greek mythology called Narcissus, who became so
obsessed with his own reflection as he kneeled and gazed into a pool of
water that he fell into the water and drowned. The legend continues
that the narcissus plant first sprang from where he died.

Nasturtium Flower Symbolism

nasturtium flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the nasturtium is victory in battle and conquest. Nasturtium literally means "nose-twister" or
"nose-tweaker" and refers to a genus of roughly 80 species of annual
and perennial flowering plants. Nasturtium have showy, often intensely
bright flowers and rounded, shield-shaped leaves with the petiole in
the center.

Orange Blossom Flower Symbolism

orange blossom flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the orange blossom is innocence, eternal love, marriage and fruitfulness. The orange blossom, which is
the state flower of Florida, is traditionally associated with good
fortune, and was popular in bridal bouquets and head wreaths for
weddings. The petals of orange blossom can also be made into a
delicately citrus-scented version of rosewater. Orange blossom water is
a common part of Middle Eastern cuisine.

Orchid Flower Symbolism

orchid flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the orchid is love, beauty, refinement, many children, thoughtfulness and mature charm. Orchids
have become a major market throughout the world. Buyers now bid
hundreds of dollars on new hybrids or improved ones. Orchids are one of
the most popular cut-flowers on the market.

Pansy Flower Symbolism

pansy flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the pansy is merriment and you occupy my thoughts. The pansy is also called the heartsease or Johnny Jump Up.
The name pansy is derived from the French word pensée meaning
"thought", and was so named because the flower resembles a human face.
In August the pansy is thought to nod forward as if deep in thought.

Peony Flower Symbolism

peony flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the peony is happy marriage, compassion and bashfulness. Peonies are extensively grown as ornamental
plants for their very large, often scented flowers. Peonies tend to
attract ants to the flower buds due to the nectar that forms.

Petunia Flower Symbolism

petunia flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the petunia is your presence soothes me. Dixon, Illinois is the Petunia Capital of the world. Every year,
the Petunia Festival draws thousands of visitors to the city. The
streets are lined in petunias. The parade mascot is Pinky Petunia.

Poinsettia Flower Symbolism

poinsettia flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the poinsettia has an ancient history. The ancient Aztecs considered the poinsettia to be a symbol of purity.
Today, poinsettias are the most easily recognized flower symbolic of
Christmas. Poinsettias are also known as the "Christmas flower" and
"Mexican flame leaf." Poinsettias originally came from Mexico and
Central America. According to legend, one day near Christmas a child
who was too poor to buy a present for the Christ child picked a weed
from the side of the road. When he reached the church, the plant
blossomed in red and green flowers.

Poppy Flower Symbolism

poppy flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with poppies is beauty, magic, consolation, fertility and eternal life. The Egyptians included poppies at funerals
and in burial tombs. The Greeks used poppies in the shrines of Demeter,
goddess of fertility, and Diana, goddess of the hunt. Poppies denote
sleep, rest and repose. In modern times, poppies have been associated
with Flanders fields as an emblem of those who died in World War I.

Pussy Willow Flower Symbolism

pussy willow symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with pussy willows is motherhood. When grown commercially, pussy willow shoots are picked just as the buds
expand in spring, and can last indefinitely once dried. The branches
can be put in vases or the buds can be used for table decoration.

Rhododendron Flower Symbolism

rhododendron flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the rhododendron is beware and caution. Rhododendron means "rose tree." Some spices are toxic to
animals and may have a hallucinogenic and laxative effect on humans,
thus the symbolism related to warning and danger. Rhododendrons were
originally found in Nepal. Today there are over 1,000 species of
rhododendrons. Rhododendrons are the national flower of Nepal, the
state flower of Sikkim in India, and the state flower of West Virginia
and Washington in the United States.

Rose Flower Symbolism

The flower symbolism associated with roses is love, remembrance, passion (red); purity (white); happiness (pink); infidelity (yellow);
unconscious beauty, I love you. Roses were first cultivated 5,000 years
ago in Asian gardens. Confucius wrote that the emperor of China owned
over 600 books on the cultivation of roses. Roses were introduced to
Europe during the Roman Empire and were thereafter used for ornamental
purposes. Roses are emblems of England and New York City.

Shamrock Symbolism

shamrock symbolismThe symbolism associated with shamrocks is lightheartedness, good fortune and good luck. The shamrock is a symbol of Ireland and a registered
trademark of the Republic of Ireland. The shamrock was traditionally
used for its medicinal properties and was a popular decorative motif in
Victorian times. The shamrock is also symbolic of St. Patrick's Day,
celebrated on March 17th.

Snapdragon Flower Symbolism

snapdragon flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with snapdragons is graciousness and strength. The snapdragon is important as a model organism in botanical
research. Its genome has been studied in detail.

Sunflower Flower Symbolism

sunflower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with sunflowers is adoration. Sunflowers turn their heads to the sun, which is the origin of their common name.
Sunflowers belong to the genus helianthus, a reference to Helios, the
sun god. Sunflowers are native to the Americas and are the state flower
of Kansas.

Sweet Pea Flower Symbolism

sweet pea flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with sweet peas is bliss, delicate pleasure, good-bye, departure, adieu and thank you for a lovely time.
Sweet peas were very popular in the late 1800s and are often considered
the floral emblem for Edwardian England. Sweet peas are the flowers
most closely connected to the month of April.

Tulip Flower Symbolism

tulip flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with tulips is fame and perfect love. The symbolic meanings also change with the color of the tulips. Red tulips
mean "believe me" and are a declaration of love. Variegated tulips mean
"you have beautiful eyes." Yellow tulips mean "there's sunshine in your
smile." And cream colored tulips mean "I will love you forever." Tulips
are the foremost national symbol of Holland, rivaling wooden shoes and

Verbena Flower Symbolism

verbena flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with the verbena flower is pray for me and sensibility. Verbena has longstanding use in herbalism and folk
medicine, usually as a tea. Verbena is grown as a honey plant to supply
bees with nectar.

Violet Flower Symbolism

Violet Flower SYmbolismThe flower symbolism associated with violets is modesty, virtue, affection, watchfulness, faithfulness, love and let's take a chance on happiness.
When newly opened, viola or violet flowers may be used to decorate
salads or in stuffing for poultry or fish. Soufflés, cream and similar
desserts can be flavored with essence of violet flowers.

Wisteria Flowers

The symbolic meaning of wisteria flowers is welcome and playful spontaneity. The wisteria is called "Purple Vine" in China. In one
cluster, the petals shade harmoniously from the strong, dark purple tip
to the soft, light pink at the open base.

Zinnia Flower Symbolism

zinnia flower symbolismThe flower symbolism associated with zinnias are thoughts of absent friends, lasting affection, constancy, goodness and daily remembrance.
Zinnias are the state flower of Indiana. The original zinnias were
found in the early 1500s in the wilds of Mexico. They were so dull and
unattractive that the Aztec name for them meant "eyesore." The common
name, garden Cinderella, indicates the level of the zinnia's later

Kundalini & Schizophrenia

Posted by Maddalena Frau on October 5, 2013 at 4:10 AM Comments comments (0)

Kundalini & Schizophrenia


Factors that trigger both schizophrenic breaks and kundalini awakenings include circumstances of impossible dilemmas, double-binds, and avoidance/attraction etc... That is situations in which we cannot proceed in a logical-prefrontal manner, but which force us to spin our wheels and to experience angst, perplexity and frustration. Since energy is not utilized in a normal fashion it builds and leads to a psycho-energetic crisis—the energies of flight fight, having no resolution basically kick off either a psychotic breakdown or breakthrough—usually a bit of both. Koans, of course operate in a similar fashion to confound the normal rational thinking process leading to the overload of the nervous system and the sudden progress to a new level of awareness.

Symptoms of schizophrenia include: thought disorder, withdrawal-retardation, hallucination, estrangement, psychosis, sensory gating deficits, voices, delusions, obsession, paranoia, feels out of time, out of space, loss of body boundaries, and non-existent as a person.

The perturbation of everyday consciousness reduces the filtering system and presents a scale of consciousness that spans from schizophrenic to mystic. This transnormal impact of consciousness if interpreted adequately by the rational mind is then called mystic revelation. If however the rational mind is off kilter then ones interpretation is called schizophrenic.

When we penetrate beyond everyday consciousness we are both more animal-essential and more Godlike-omnipotent. We experience a range and subtlety of interconnectedness that would be simply frightening and crazy-making to our normal socio-conditioned repressed mode of being. Thus we only get to sense the true nonlocality of consciousness during peak events—either awakenings or breakdowns. That is not to say that our super-senses are not there in ordinary life, it is just that we simply filter out the information in order to cooperate with the dumbed down operational level that society adheres to. There is an enormous “leveling” system that goes on unconsciously in communities where noone is “allowed” to be more awaken than the others, and we are subtley or overtly punished if we are.

It seems like embeddedness (attraction/aversion) in duality leads to nonduality. For if were not “affected” by the symbols, myths and archetypes that we use to give “story” to our lives, no psychic tension would arise to propel us out of the vice of “normal” consciousness. As the subtle-psychic levels arise we become hyper-affected by the imagery and our story of duality and this builds up such a psychic tension that a kundalini awakening is sparked off.

After an awakening we become psychosomatically differentiated from the images, symbols, myths, stories and personal identity that we were so involved in before. Thus consciousness has become separated from its contents. Perhaps this is the difference between a schizophrenic and a mystic. The mystic has become emancipated from the persuasions of psychic content, while the schizophrenic has become lost in them.

The perturbation and removal of normal consciousness and the consequent disruption of egoic-metaprogramming is not regression—it is not going backwards—but merely the removal of adaptive/repressive functioning in the present. This creates an entirely new consciousness that has never occurred in ones history, yet may have features similar to infantile being. This loss of the sense of the known self (ego) is standard procedure in many of the extreme kundalini events and in the overall metamorphic process itself.

Contributing to this perturbation of consensus-adaptive consciousness is both the extreme amplification and expansion of consciousness during peak events and the consequent damage done by neurotransmitters, free radicals and metabolites. The higher we climb above the "norm," the further we thus fall into the downside of these acute neurological events. This is the shamanic journey to the heavens and then into the hell realms. Both extra-normal conditions could be classed as regression by an ignorant observer; but both high and low are equally part of the path toward the emergence of the life of the Soul. There must indeed be a suspension or cataclysmic breakthrough of the norm for the infinitely larger soul’s life to be born. So rather than "regression” in the service of the ego, we could more aptly state that during a kundalini awakening we undergo "suspension” of the ego in the service of the soul.

For those that are breaking out of consensus mind and who are leaning toward inflation or the schizophrenic end of the scale, this vulnerable condition is NOT the time to be intensive meditation, shadow work or primal processing. For these people stabilizing and structure building is needed more than uncovering therapies as the interpenetration of the levels of consciousness proceeds. Humor, because of its trickster element is a great tool for establishing rationality, because laughter builds up the prefrontal lobes. The practices for the periods of unstable integration between the levels of consciousness should be of an embodiment and boundary building nature. Of self-definition through internal exploration via neo-shamanistic practices of a self-originating nature. The work of Miguel Ruiz, Byron Katie and Alberto Villoldo would be valuable at this stage to establish the self/other boundary and build up the core-self.

Therapists attending to people undergoing kundalini awakenings could benefit from reading Ken Wilber’s writings on schizophrenia such as Chapter 17 of The Atman Project. This piece entitled Schizophrenia or Mysticism is very good, yet I would like to add a distinction. I think that awakening from “normal conscious’ runs a scale between schizophrenia and mysticism and each of us has a gravity to a particular point on that scale. But throughout the duration of an awakening we may sometimes be closer to the schizophrenic end of the scale and sometimes closer to the Mystic end of the scale depending on how stable and adaptable the rational faculty is at the time.

“Mysticism is not regression in the service of the ego, but evolution in transcendence of the ego. The mystic seeks progressive evolution. He trains for it. It takes most of his lifetime—with luck—to reach permanent, mature transcendent and unity structures. At the same time he maintains potential access to ego, logic, membership, syntax, etc…He follows a carefully mapped out path under close supervision. He is not contacting past and infantile experiences, but present and prior depths of reality.”

Some of the chemistry could be similar between kundalini and various mental illnesses, because of kundalini’s perturbing revelatory quality, nothing is left unseen and unfelt within one...there is no where to hide. The former repressive hold of the ego is released by the dissolution and so the psychic tension is let fly...in whatever form we have stored within us.

Relationships are particularly good at triggering kundalini awakenings because our brain's primary matrix is constructed in relationship to our primary caregiver in infancy—thus relationship later in life can trigger the release of incredible psychic forces bound up in such complexes as avoidance/attraction, double-bind, relentless dilemma, rejection and abandonment. Complexes, are webs of associations created by intense or repeated activation of an archetype. Psychic storms based on these kinds of primary archetypal patterns build slowly over the course of a life, underneath the repressive lid of our ego's coping mechanisms and defenses.

One wonders what is left after all our compensations and camouflages are penetrated; is there a life at all if we are not doing all this secondary work of trying to prop ourselves up, defend ourselves or kill ourselves? But unless things build up to popping point, unless kundalini sparks up, we will remain in the clutches of the vice that we built to protect ourselves from the reality we were born into. The ego will not voluntarily go into that "hole" in our primary matrix...spirit however willingly goes there in equanimous embrace to find light in the dark. Kundalini is a spiritual force that arises spontaneously to save ourSelf from our self.

If you are congenitally schizophrenic, or interpret events in a mythic or highly personal way then it is best to steer clear of trying to raise kundalini, because the "self" is just not strong enough to ride out the dissolution of self and the intensity of archetypical psychic contents that arise during an awakening. Kundalini is a radical amplification of our subjective eye and subjective experience that is why those with unstable neurology can be driven over the deepend. I think this is probably what happens in the majority of mental breakdowns. Under kundalini’s incideous power even the strongest brains can fall into morbid-grandiose-hypersubjectivity and think that the universe is made for them and that they control the weather and the stars.

I think this state of pathological grandiose inflation is the fate of many a Guru and rather than true transcendence it represents infantile fusion and indissociation, that is magically and mythically charged (e.g. the purple and red in spiral dynamics). This subjective-fusion with manifestation is similar to an infant’s magical uroboric perspective; a state of oceanic indissociation or egocentric fusion, which is undifferentiated or "one with" local environs.

“We have noted that in the world of the infant the solicitude of the parent conduces to a belief that the universe is oriented to the child’s own interest and ready to respond to every thought and desire. This flattering circumstances not only reinforces the primary indissociation between inside and out, but even adds to it a further habit of command, linked to an experience of immediate effect. The resultant impression of an omnipotence of thought—the power of thought, desire, a mere nod or shriek, to bring the world to heel—Freud identified as the psychological base of magic, and the researches of Piagest and his school support this view. The child’s world is alert and alive, governed by rules of response and command, not by physical laws: a portentous continuum of consciousness endowed with purpose and intent, either resistant or responsive to the child itself. And, as we know, this infantile notion (or something much like it) of a world governed rather by moral than by physical laws, kept under control by a super-ordinated parental peresonality instead of impersonal physical forces, and oriented to the weal and woe of man, is an illusion that dominates men’s thought in most parts of the world—to the very present. We are dealing here with a spontaneous assumption, antecedent to all teaching, which has given rise to, and now supports, certain religious and magical beliefts, and when reinforced in turn by these remains as an absolutely ineradicable conviction, which no amount of rational thought or empirical science can quite erase.” Joseph Campbell, The Masks of God, Volume 1: Primitive Mythology

Schizophrenia maybe a hypo-glutamatergic illness: excessive glutamate metabolism leading to the damage of receptors and exhaustion of glutamate as a neurotransmitter. Studies found that high levels of glutamate antagonists were present, and glutamate levels decreased in the prefrontal and hippocampal regions of schizophrenics. The limbic regions especially the hippocampus contain high concentrations of NMDA and AMPA glutamate receptors, however in schizophrenia these are reduced. Some researchers speculate that overactivity of the brain's cannabinoid system may contribute to schizophrenic symptoms

Glycine is essential at the NMDA receptor site, it was found that there were an increase in glycine receptors possibly as compensation for the reduced glutamate activity. Increasing NMDA function with glycine agonists maybe a potential new strategy for the management of schizophrenia. High doses of glycine at 30 g/day gave significant antipsychotic results. Schizophrenia and Glutamate, B. G. Bunney, PhD.,

Some of the schizophrenic type symptoms of kundalini awakenings could be due to hypertonality of the nerves activating the release of Ca2+ thereby killing off neurons, axons and reducing the number of NMDA glutamate receptors. That is during the peak kundalini stage first there is abnormally high concentrations of glutamate and over excitation of nerve cells, followed by a hypo-glutamate period of burnout and recovery lasting 5 or more years until the glutamate receptor systems have reinstated themselves. Thus glutamate toxicity leads to a glutamate deficiency.

The NMDA receptor is activated by the neurotransmitter glycine as well as glutamate. It appears that it might be advisable to take glycine supplementation during awakening as it has calming rather than excitatory properties and is used in bipolar treatment and for hyperactivity. Also to reduce kundalini it might be worth investigating inhibitors such as L-lysine which functions as antagonist to glutamate receptors. Since lysine blocks the NMDA receptors it might protect them from damage during radical kundalini events. It is likely that it will also reduce the severity of such events.

Histamine protects against NMDA-induced necrosis in cultured cortical neurons. It has been found that about half the patients classified as suffering from schizophrenia have low histamine levels in the blood, and as histamine levels were increased, their health improved. (See Histamine for more on this.)

In his book What Really Causes Schizophrenia, Harold Foster proposes that schizophrenia is not caused by excess dopamine but by excessive levels of a metabolite of adrenaline—adrenochrome. Adrenochrome acts as a hallucinogen, free radical generator and neurotoxin that interferes with biochemical systems and damages the thyroid. Dr. Foster suggests that treatment should include methods to reduce adrenaline producing stress and slow down its metabolism to adrenochrome. Sugar consumption and allergin exposure should also be reduced. Coupled with a supplemental program that includes high doses of niacin, thiamine or coenzyme Q10 along with desiccated thyroid to help thyroid damage.

Archetypes and Health

There are common themes in the symbols and archetypes that arise during the energy flux of both kundalini and schizophrenia. As these images arise biochemically within us they themselves become the resonant filter via which we find synchronous information and events in the outer world to reinforce the energetic power of the archetype we are preoccupied with. This process of alchemy via correspondence between the inner and outer worlds is mostly geared into the visual cortex it seems. We project our interiors and this adds fuel to the heat of our internal flame. At this time the repressive mechanism of the prefrontal-Superego is reduced and we have more access to potent dream visuals, visions and the full spectrum of psychic supersenses—including precognition (temporal penetration) and bio-telepathic-navigation (nonlocality/spacial penetration).

Dreams are reflections of the archetypal psyche. Note that the dream life we have is inclusive but transcendent of who we are as a conditioned being. Dreams offer us a deeper human experience and understanding than we can arrive at during our waking state. They have originality, depth, genius, profundity and transpersonal meaning way beyond anything arrived at via the intellect. Dreams impact us at a species level to affect alchemical transformation via emotional-cellular retuning. Since dreams are our greatest teacher, that means that the archetypal layers of the psyche are actually superior to the intellect and the associative mind is a mere student or tool of this mind beyond the mind which is inconceivably vast and unfathomable. If we were exposed to the full impact of this greater mind without our normal restrictive filters we would probably never return to the limited state that we call sanity. Because the complexity, interrrelatedness, exquisite beauty, portent and love of the archetypal realm of the Gods would be such a shock to our habituated dissocation.

The Dreamer who dreams our dreams knows far more of us than we know of it." R.D. Laing

Symbols of the Collective Dream

Positive Images —Center, return to beginnings, lost paradise, logos of origins, the egg, new society, new humanity, New Jerusalem, new earth, new birth, Mary and child, Divine child, sacred marriage, androgyne, apotheosis as God or Goddess, king or queen, deity or saint, hero or heroine, messiah, one chosen for leadership. Quadrated fourfold structure to the World, law of One, play of the opposites.

Negative Images—Fire, the snake, chaos, lost, no nurture, decay, dismemberment, death, dissolution in the Void, dangerous abyss, falling, cosmic conflict, Armageddon, world domination, triumph of the Antichrist, evil ruler, threat of the opposite, supremacy of the opposite sex, fool, clown, ghost, witch, puny outsider, stranger danger, UFOs, alien invasion, abduction, stuck, suffocation, possession, malevolent entities.

These various symbols also arise in the collective daily consciousness as impulses of joint active imagination…there is indeed probably a progressive spiral pattern to the successive emergence of these various inspirational symbols above and beyond the interference of media. They are contagious chemical, quantum, and visionary impulses that arise during certain periods, as an infinity of nested archetypal memes arising spontaneously from the Void impacting us all. They are probably keyed into cosmic and annual solar/lunar cycles also. It is through the madness of this kind of collective waking-dream that events like the holocaust or wars in general are undertaken.

We can run into trouble with patterns of cyclic metabolic disturbance if the interpretation the subjective experience of our awakening remains in the mythic-archetypal realm, by being possessed by the figments of our alchemical imagination. With the perturbation of consensus mind and the sometimes instantaneous new levels of sensing and consciousness, we must then learn to recognize this newfound awareness in rational, Higher-Self accepting terms. To avoid spiraling into prolonged metabolic and cognitive chaos we must accept these new levels of awareness and physiological condition as coming from “us” and not from an alien entity or God. That is we must claim responsibility for our Self as it incarnates at an accelerated pace and not project the cause of our condition onto external people, entities or events.

As an integrated human we can still "have" our story, but we must keep it in its place by running it through a progressively rational interpretation. For it is this rationalizing process that integrates the archetypal imaginal world (reptilian/old mammalian brain) into the 21st Century prefrontal lobes. In schizophrenia the individual has no objective distance between him and the objects or contents in his mind and by being perpetually and totally engrossed in the internal drama his biochemistry spirals out of control leading to catabolic breakdown of tissues and affecting long term cellular and neurological processes and structures.

Chronic illness can occur due to the presence of biotoxins which the body is unable to eliminate. These biotoxins can be cause and effect in cyclic periods of mental illness as well as physical disorder. Endogenous toxins are produced like ammonia, methylmalonic acid, free radicals; and an acid pH generates a different kind of metabolism. Studies in rats show that all catecholamines (excitatory neurotransmitters) including norepinephrine (NE), dopamine, and epinephrine, are toxic to neurons as well as glial cells. Plus neuron excitotoxicity also occurs with excess glutamate and nitric oxide. Biochemists and physiologists are now recognizing that these regulators or products of their metabolism as potential endogenous toxins. Other potential endogenous neurotoxins include: tetraisoquinolines, beta-carbolines, methylimidazoles, tryptamines, and biotoxins produced by intestinal bacteria and these are just a few.

Certain levels of these compounds exists in a healthy organism, but when they are hyperproduced they can generate pathogenic toxic products under the action of certain conditions such as mental disorder, stress, infection, alcohol or exposure to drugs or exotoxins and pollutants. Using our mind in ways that perpetuate metabolic toxicity creates “enterometabolic disorders which have a relationship to inflammation, musculoskeletal pain and degeneration, suppressed immunity, autoimmune disorders and lowered fertility. Using our mind in healthy ways lowers the body’s burden of metabolic toxins, which in turn reduces the inflammatory cascade.

(See Toxic Brain Syndrome and The Ammonia Hypothesis)
—The connection between pathogens, biotoxins, inflammatory and immune disorders.

Archetypal Fixation

If we lack powerful connection to our Muse’s higher art and purpose, this can lead to the energy of awakening remaining in the symbolic phantoms of our archetypal matrix. The elevated energetic activation of the autonomic-medulla and emotional-limbic brain can hold us captive, running out their own dramas. In a sense these captivating figments are not us, but programs entered into us via our origins and our position in the collective unconscious. If we can objectively gain distance from the content of our mind and emotions, we can then be still enough for our higher purpose and spiritual vocation to emerge from the maelstrom. Human life is all symbols. We live in a mind soup of psychoconfabulation. The art to life is to disembed from the symbols of mind-stuff so that we can use them, instead of them using us.

Archetypal Validation

For the initiate there is a lot of support out there nowadays, through various kundalini institutes and Spiritual Emergence Network SEN in various countries. The psychotherapy industry is slowing addressing the issue. But there is a danger that because psychotherapists are trained in pathology, not human excellence and evolution that they will treat kundalini as though it was a form of disease. Believe me when one is studying pathology one takes on a bit of the stigma and paranoia of the pathology. While individuals in the throws of an awakening are as sensitive and vulnerable as they will ever be, great care should be taken to reassure them and not drive their chemistry into a paranoiac downward spiral. Also the energy and cyclic flow of the awakening should be honored, if the process is countermanded, contested and stopped this can cause grave danger to the individual.

The archetypical content should be respected and perhaps seen through various lenses, but it should never be dismissed as delusion or mere projection. If this happens then the whole cascade of chemistry that packs enormous energies and psychic forces can be prematurely deflated and then it turns into a self-destructive bomb in the bodymind of the awakener. Consequently this can lead to such a devastating production of free radicals and catabolic agents that the mind of the individual can be permanently damaged. Hence professionals that deal with kundalini have to be of a post-conventional, humanist bent. They need to specialize in self-actualization, with a thorough understanding of the nonordinary nature of this chemistry, the physiology and the larger picture of the evolution of the human species and life in general. They will be effective to the extent that they too participate in the Mystery along with their clients.

Erich Jantsh, coined the term "self-organization." The science of self-organization concedes that the most interesting structures in nature are not caused in the usual sense but, rather, cause themselves to come into being. They "self-organize." Another term for this is Autopoiesis, the process whereby an organization produces itself. Like physical formation and birth of a child, kundalini is autopoietic. That is it occurs under its own innate chemistry. It is a cosmic birth—the Universe is birthing itself through us. But just as the environmental conditions (physical, mental, emotional and spiritual) may not be condusive to the true well-being of a human birth, so too the conditions for a spiritual birth may not be constructive and alchemically-cocreative with the universe to bring about the spiritualized individual. The only reason why this is so is Ignorance!

Because an awakening involves mechanisms that lead to the death of old mental pathways, the necrosis of neurons and axons and inferior cells throughout the body—if this is not undertaken in life-affirming circumstances then much more extensive die-back can occur—and if conditions are not suitable during the rehabilitation phase then the time specific period for retraining the brain in preferred pathways and states is forfeited. Can you not see then the potential for brain damage coupled with circumstantial dehumanization through environmental deprivation. And all because of our wholesale ignorance over this natural process of spiritual death and rebirth.

Bruce MacLennan in his chapter in the book Neurotheology P305-14 says that archetypes as described by Jung, provide the crucial link between the material and spiritual worlds; shaping the conscious contents by regulating, modifying and motivating them. He says the archetypes (inherited patterns of behavior) are objectively real and crucially important for meaningful human life. This might be the best material out there on the impact of the archetypes on the psyche.

I cannot recommend Neurotheology: Brain, Science, Spirituality, Religious Experience highly enough. Some of the authors contributing to this book include: Rhawn Joseph, Andrew Newburg, Michael Persinger, William James, Eugene d’Aquili, and many more.

Follow the works of John Weir Perry for an interesting look into the archetypal symbols that arise within the psyche during awakening. There is an interview with Jeffery Mishlove—Visionary Experience or Psychosis with John W. Perry, M.D.

Trials of the Visionary Mind: Spiritual Emergency and the Renewal Process; John Weir Perry State University of New York Press, 1998.

The Living Labyrinth: Exploring Universal Themes in Myths, Dreams, and the Symbolism of Waking Life by Jeremy Taylor; Paulist Press, 1998.

Also Volume 5 of Carl Jung’s Collected Works: Symbols of Transformation.
The Unfolding Self: Varieties of Transformative Experience, by Ralph Metzner is a good overall map of universal symbols and concepts to the transformational process.

Rudi: 14 Years With My Teacher by John Mann, is a fabulous book on the psychological aspects of cultivating kundalini, it is a very reassuring book. www.rudimovie.org —some mp3 audio of Rudi.


Posted by Maddalena Frau on October 5, 2013 at 3:50 AM Comments comments (0)

KUNDALINI - (Sanskrit kund, "to burn"; kunda, "to coil or to spiral") a concentrated field of intelligent, cosmic invisible energy absolutely vital to life; beginning in the base of the spine when a man or woman begins to evolve as wisdom is earned. Kundalini has been described as liquid fire and liquid light. The ultimate outcome of kundalini is the union of Will (sakti-kundalini), Knowledge (prana-kundalini) and Action (para-kundalini).

"Kundalini is the focused energy of the human body and human psyche. Energy can be either manifested or unmmanifested. It can remain in the seed or it can sprout in a manifested form. Kundalini means your total potential. But it is a seed; it's a possibility. The ways to awaken kundalini are ways to make your potential actual" 91 Osho, The ABC of Enlightenment

Kundalini is a runaway train that one spontaneously has to learn how to drive. However the more one learns how to drive the train the faster it goes. But if one defaults and resists learning how to drive the train it ends up derailing in a crash. Friction and difficulty occur not so much from the process itself but from our conscious and unconscious interference with it due to not understanding what is going on.

"The mystic, endowed with native talents...and following...the instruction of a master, enters the waters and finds he can swim; whereas the schizophrenic, unprepared, unguided and ungifted, has fallen or has intentionally plunged and is drowning." Joseph Campbell, Myths to Live By

Kundalini cannot be separated from Eros or the Muse...the soul and Kundalini appear to be the SAME THING.

A kundalini awakening is simply the amplification of the play of the poles, charges, hemispheres and sexes. It is the energy that drives the Kosmos itself.

"The eros that can be named is not eros. Eros is the secret that cannot be named. Sometimes men have named it shaktipat." JR Haule

"Eros is the transformative force of life, love is the unifying force and sexuality is the creative force, the expression of our physical nature. Love is the expression of a conscious will to evolve toward a unified being. Eros, sexuality and love present the possibility of unifying the masculine and feminine within us." John C. Pierrakos M.D.

Eros is the syntropic-life urge while Thanatos is the entropic-death urge. However Thanatos is not a love of death, but a fear of death that draws one inextricably towards it. Thanatos is also a fear of life, and appears to be a default on Life/Eros due to an ignorance of Eros/Life. Thanatos is the tendency to want to become "nonsentient' to avoid the validity, depths, complexity, demands, challenges and even the pleasures of life. Freud's description of Eros and Libido included all creative, life-producing drives. While he defined the death drive in “Beyond the Pleasure Principle” as "an urge inherent in all organic life to restore an earlier state of things". In psychoanalytic theory, Eros is characterised as the tendency towards cohesion and unity, whereas the death drive is the tendency towards destruction.

"Ride your horse along the edge of the sword
Hide yourself in the middle of the flames
Blossoms of the fruit tree will bloom in the fire
The sun rises in the evening."
--Zen Koan

Trying to put kundalini into words: tumescence, insurgence, outburst, protrusion, incarnation, emergence, epiphany, prelude, opening, elevation, emanate, exsurge, mount the barricades, bloom, conflagration, breakthrough, magnify, crescendo, accumulate, upsurge, levitate.

"The Kundalini creates the universe out of Her own being, and it is She Herself who becomes this universe. She becomes all the elements of the universe and enters into all the different forms that we see around us. She becomes the sun, the moon, the stars and fire to illuminate the cosmos which She creates. She becomes the prana, the vital force, to keep all creatures, including humans and birds, alive; it is She who, to quench our thirst, becomes water. To satisfy our hunger, She becomes food. Whatever we see or don't see, whatever exists, right from the earth to the sky isÉnothing but Kundalini. It is that supreme energy which moves and animates all creatures, from the elephant to the tiniest ant. She enters each and every creature and thing that She creates, yet never loses Her identity or Her immaculate purity." Swami Muktananda, Kundalini: The Secret of Life.

"To this day I find myself trying to get a handle on that Shakti and make it mine. But I can't possess it--I can only be possessed by it." Joseph Chilton Pearce, The Biology of Transcendence, 87

Throughout this book the term kundalini awakening is used interchangeably with metamorphosis, spiritual alchemy, spiritual acceleration, the inner marriage, the sacred marriage, The Passion and even The Great Bliss. The energy of kundalini could be variously called prana, chi, mana, Baron Carl von Reichenbach's odic force (od), Wilheim Reich's orgone, Ken Wilber's Spiritual Eros, Henri Bergson's elan vital, Tielhard de Chardin's radial energy, Freud's libido, archeus, etheric energy, vital life-ess

What You Hear Affects What You See

Posted by Maddalena Frau on September 14, 2013 at 4:45 AM Comments comments (0)
By Daniel Albright,


There are a lot of different models of attention, and the differences between them can be complex and subtle. Most of them, however, treat attention as a limited and expendable resource — you can only pay attention to so many things for so long a time. Is attention really in short supply?

Attention is usually not modality specific: For example, if you’re making a lot of effort paying attention to something that you’re seeing, you’re not likely to be able allocate attention to an acoustic cue as well. In short, there isn’t a store of visual attention, a separate store of aural attention, another one for tactile attention, and so on. There’s just one central store of attention.

Recent evidence has also led many researchers believe that rhythms entrain the attentional system so that it increases the amount of attention allocated at certain temporal locations. For example, if you see a blinking light, neural oscillations will synchronize with the rhythm of the blinking, so that you’re paying more attention at the points when the light is likely to be on.

A study published earlier this year used a fascinating methodology to determine whether or not this entrainment is cross-modal. Participants heard a tone played at regular or irregular intervals for a specified amount of time. At the end, a dot would appear in one of the four corners of a screen (the appearance of the dot was either synchronized with the final tone in the series, played earlier than the tone, or played later than the tone) and the participants would look at it. The researchers measured how long it took the participants to fixate on the dot.

Interestingly, participants were significantly faster to fixate on the dot when it was synchronized with the final tone than when it was not, suggesting that the visual attentional system was entrained by the aural tone series. When the experimenters omitted the final tone, the results remained the same, proving that it wasn’t the final tone itself that speeded up fixation, but the rhythm that preceded it.

Another important note is that participants weren’t directed to attend to the auditory tones. In fact, they weren’t told anything about them at all, suggesting that the entrainment of the attentional system is automatic and unconscious.

Although they may seem intuitively obvious, these findings lend additional insight into how attention works, and give major support to the idea that attention is a limited resource that is shared between different perceptual modalities, and provides proof that entrainment developed through one modality is accessed by other modalities.

Research on neural oscillation has been quite fruitful recently, and this is another example of how this is at the core of processes that we take for granted, like rhythmic attentional entrainment and many other temporal processes in the brain. Exactly how this low-level process is integrated into higher-level systems, like time-keeping and attention, is likely to see a lot more research in the near future.


Miller JE, Carlson LA, & McAuley JD (2013). When what you hear influences when you see: listening to an auditory rhythm influences the temporal allocation of visual attention. Psychological science, 24 (1), 11-8 PMID: 23160202

Art Therapy

Posted by Maddalena Frau on September 14, 2013 at 4:40 AM Comments comments (0)

Improving Emotional Intelligence in Psychosis with Art Therapy

By Ann Reitan, PsyD


Emotional intelligence is defined as “the ability to monitor one’s own and others’ feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one’s thinking and actions.” Self-regulation of emotional intelligence is is vital to healthy emotional interactions.

Emotional intelligence is formed of interpersonal intelligence and intrapersonal intelligence. Interpersonal intelligence reflects competence in the context of social relationships, while intrapersonal intelligence reflects the ability to regulate one’s own emotions.

The degree of an individual’s emotional intelligence affects the degree to which that individual can deal psychopathological conditions such as schizophrenia. Although schizophrenics may be emotionally sensitive, the interpersonal and intrapersonal spheres of emotional intelligence of these individuals are likely to be negatively impacted for several reasons.

Due to the fact that schizophrenia emerges in late adolescence and early adulthood, it is likely that the Eriksonian stages of social development that correspond with this emergent pathology are negatively impacted by schizophrenia, especially the tasks of achieving independence and forming close relationships.

Much of what comprises emotional intelligence relies on self-permeable boundaries related to appropriate detachment and attachment with others. In terms of successful negotiation of the Eriksonian stages, “identity versus role confusion” may allow the individual to determine appropriate detachment from others by means of differentiating the self, and “intimacy versus isolation” may allow the individual to achieve appropriate attachment within the context of a relationship with another person.

Psychotic individuals have obstacles achieving this due to factors implicit to psychosis. These individuals are both socially alienated and overly involved in their mental realms, stemming partly from stigmatization that may not allow them to find what they perceive as accurate reflections of their internal states in the external world and their understanding of other people. Empathic reflection, in the tradition of Roger’s Person-Centered Therapy, is seldom understood to be available to schizophrenics, perhaps simply due to the fact that most clinicians cannot relate to the psychotic experience of a schizophrenic.

In addition, auditory hallucinations — the internal or intrapersonal experience of a schizophrenic — may be represented by an amalgamation of perceptions of “self” and “other”. This experience does not necessarily allow the schizophrenic the ability to self-regulate her emotions, primarily because she does not entirely own her mental experience. Due to the representation of hallucinations in the minds of psychotic individuals as “entities”, there is also a lack of apparent privacy in the mental realm of the psychotic individual, and the type of experience implied by this perceived lack of privacy can be punitive.

If people with psychosis cannot distinguish boundaries in their own mind, how can they be expected to demonstrate effective intrapersonal intelligence? If stigma causes impenetrable interpersonal boundaries between the psychotic mind and the minds of those who are not psychotic, how can psychotic individuals demonstrate effective interpersonal intelligence?

So this brings us to an essential question: How can the schizophrenic individual negotiate both the intrapersonal and the interpersonal realms in a healthy way? The schizophrenic requires some means of healthy self-expression that allows for symbolic representation of the self that can be at least partly understood by others.

It is suggested that artistic self-expression is a means of creating a personal stance in the social arena that will allow for healthy regulation of emotion. Art therapy could be an important avenue toward increased mental health in the psychotic individual. Engaging in art not only allows the psychotic individual to express his own emotions to others, but the canvas (whether a poem, song or literal canvas) can reflect back to him his internal state. This dialogue between the artist and his work serves an important therapeutic function.

Ann Reitan, PsyD

Ann Reitan, PsyD, is a clinical psychologist and well published essayist of fiction and creative nonfiction. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from University of Washington, Master of Arts in Psychology from Pepperdine University, and Doctorate of Clinical Psychology from Alliant International University. Her post-doctoral research at Washington University in St. Louis, MO, involved personality theory, idiodynamics and creativity in literature.

Herbal Medicine is Medicine

Posted by Maddalena Frau on September 14, 2013 at 4:30 AM Comments comments (0)
By Rachel Danks, PhD


Recently, the UK Government announced a consultation on whether practitioners of acupuncture, herbal medicine and traditional Chinese medicine should become subject to statutory regulation. Unsurprisingly, the announcement has sparked some lively debate. Currently, most herbal remedies and dietary supplements are classified by regulatory authorities as “foods,” and therefore subject to far less stringent legal requirements than pharmaceutical products. However, if a herbal remedy offers some pharmacological effect over and above its nutritional value (and many undoubtedly do), then it becomes no longer a food but a medicine.

Medicines, including herbal medicines, make changes at a physiological level. Some of these changes are desirable and some are not. It would be irrational to imagine that any agent would have only positive benefits: if you believe an effect is real enough to do you good, you must also believe it could do you harm. The secret of good medicine is to balance the potential benefits of a drug with its known side effects.

There is a widespread perception that a herbal remedy is somehow more gentle or less ‘alien’ than a prescription drug. In fact, herbal medicines are generally no more than plant extracts containing an assortment chemicals whose actions are largely unknown. Is it really better to swallow a jumble of plant chemicals than a single, purified and identifiable one? With a prescription or over-the-counter drug, at least you know what you are getting; a herbal remedy, by contrast, can vary from one country to another, one manufacturer to another or even one bottle to another. In fact, analyses have revealed that the contents of many herbal products do not always match the ingredients listed on the labels, and some even contain dangerous poisons, including pesticides, lead or mercury. It is ironic that so many people who are so particular about what they consume are prepared to take tablets they so little about.

Despite the advances made in conventional medicines, many people live their lives in constant pain and discomfort, and are willing, or desperate, to give anything a try. It is these people more than most who must be protected from the false hopes and exaggerated claims that some herbal remedies offer.

Of course, many alternative health practitioners care deeply about their patients, and genuinely believe they can offer something that alternative medicine cannot. These practitioners stand to gain from regulation, through the increased credibility and patient reassurance that it brings. Indeed, the European Herbal and Traditional Medicine Practitioners Association (EHTPA) and National Institute of Medical Herbalists (NIMH) have both publicly welcomed government consultation. So, with support from practitioners and encouragement from the government, can it be long before alternative medicine comes under the umbrella with its better researched and more robust cousin, medicine?

Rachel Danks, PhD

Rachel Danks, PhD, is a freelance medical writer and editor with over 12 years of experience in the field. She has written and edited numerous academic papers, and is experienced in preparing marketing materials, educational resources and regulatory documents. Her clients include medical education groups, advertising agencies, pharmaceutical companies and academic institutions.

Exercise for Depression

Posted by Maddalena Frau on September 14, 2013 at 3:30 AM Comments comments (0)

 A Gold Standard Therapy


Depression has become a common medical issue worldwide. Conventional treatments, generally, have not been effective in preventing recurrence of this condition. SSRIs can take months to provide a beneficial effect. Adverse side effects of antidepressant medications are a further concern, based on individual physical and mental health status. Additionally, in order to achieve remission, the most depressed patients require two or more different treatments.

A number of studies have shown exercise to be beneficial in the treatment of depression or depressive symptoms. Further, exercise has remarkable positive, and few negative effects on other disorders. From a physical standpoint, exercise engagement may improve hippocampal volume, pre-frontal cortex blood flow, and increase brain mediators such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (which may be a key marker of depression).

With several other diseases, there is a concern regarding the effectiveness of different types of exercises: resistance or aerobic. However, in the context of treating depression and its symptoms, research shows that little difference exists between them, making  the prescription far easier to physicians and the engagement almost limitless to patients.

Moreover, major depression is now well recognized as a risk factor for some of the most serious chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and similar in potency with traditional risk factors. Therefore, exercise prescription as a medical treatment would result not only in the improvement of depression, but also in preventing the occurrence of other diseases.

Vitally, data from several studies have shown exercise to be just as effective as medication in the treatment of depressive disorders. Furthermore, engaging in regular physical activity can reduce medication dependence. Even more importantly, other studies have demonstrated that exercise is more effective than medication in preventing relapse of the disease. It is also well established that additional benefits of exercise to individuals suffering from depression include reduced moodiness, better attitude, improved outlook, increased self-confidence, and enhanced mental well-being.

While the benefits of exercise as a depression treatment are undeniable, it may also have some barriers, for example intimidation, cost, or physical limitation. Therefore it is necessary to develop strategies for successful compliance by the patient, setting reasonable goals and preparing them for setbacks or obstacles.

Whether exercise is used as a first-line treatment or as a supplement to medication or psychotherapy, patients have virtually nothing to lose and much to gain from adopting an exercise approach in dealing with the symptoms of depression. Therefore, beyond the documented and aforementioned benefits of exercise on overall health, it is also time to more avidly begin considering exercise as a therapeutic strategy for patients suffering from depression.


Berlin AA, Kop WJ, & Deuster PA (2006). Depressive mood symptoms and fatigue after exercise withdrawal: the potential role of decreased fitness. Psychosomatic medicine, 68 (2), 224-30 PMID: 16554387

Blumenthal JA, Sherwood A, Babyak MA, Watkins LL, Smith PJ, Hoffman BM, O’Hayer CV, Mabe S, Johnson J, Doraiswamy PM, Jiang W, Schocken DD, & Hinderliter AL (2012). Exercise and pharmacological treatment of depressive symptoms in patients with coronary heart disease: results from the UPBEAT (Understanding the Prognostic Benefits of Exercise and Antidepressant Therapy) study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 60 (12), 1053-63 PMID: 22858387

Booth FW, & Laye MJ (2010). The future: genes, physical activity and health. Acta physiologica (Oxford, England), 199 (4), 549-56 PMID: 20345416

Pilu A, Sorba M, Hardoy MC, Floris AL, Mannu F, Seruis ML, Velluti C, Carpiniello B, Salvi M, & Carta MG (2007). Efficacy of physical activity in the adjunctive treatment of major depressive disorders: preliminary results. Clinical practice and epidemiology in mental health : CP & EMH, 3 PMID: 17620123

Rozanski, A. (2012). Exercise as Medical Treatment for Depression Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 60 (12), 1064-1066 DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2012.05.015

Rozanski A, Blumenthal JA, Davidson KW, Saab PG, & Kubzansky L (2005). The epidemiology, pathophysiology, and management of psychosocial risk factors in cardiac practice: the emerging field of behavioral cardiology. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 45 (5), 637-51 PMID: 15734605

Bovis Biometer

Posted by Maddalena Frau on June 14, 2013 at 12:35 AM Comments comments (0)

Bovis Biometer

Bovis scale

The Bovis scale, named after French radiesthesist André Bovis (1871–1947; also referred to as either Antoine or Alfred by some authors), is a concept used by dowsers and adherents of geomancy to quantify the strength of a postulated "cosmo-telluric energy" inherent in a location.

The attribution to Bovis is due to his grandson, the self-designated "geobiologist" Jacques Bovis. The concept was further developed by one André Simoneton (1949), who introduced the term "radio-vitality" (radiovitalité;). Simoneton's scale was in turn developed into a "modern Bovis scale" by Swiss "geobiologist" and former Vaud cantonal parliament member Blanche Merz (1919–2002), who founded an Institut de recherches en géobiologie at Chardonne in 1979 and whose self-published books appeared from the 1980s. Merz' books enjoyed some popularity in French-speaking Switzerland and were reprinted by commercial publishers in the later 1980s and 1990s, in translation also reaching German-speaking Europe. Merz' 1983 Hauts-Lieux Cosmo-Télluriques in 1987 was also published in English translation.

The unit of the Bovis scale has no known definition and isn't in any way based on physics. The "measurement" consists of the dowser walking around the place with an object (like a pendulum, dubbed "biometer") and declaring the Bovis number. A number of 6,500 is considered "neutral", lower figures affect human "energies" negatively, higher numbers positively. Numbers above 10,000 are in the "ethereal range", considered Places of power.


Blanche Merz,Hauts-Lieux Cosmo-Télluriques (1983)
Blanche Merz, Points of Cosmic Energy, The C.W. Daniel Company Ltd (1987), ISBN 0852071949.
Simoneton, André: Radiations des aliments, ondes humaines et sante, Paris 1949
Simoneton, André: Radiovitalite des des aliements - hypotheses sur la vie et la sante (1949)












Procédé et dispositifs de production d'ondes magnétiques pour toutes applicatioInventor:  BOVIS JUSTIN ANTOINE ALFRED
EC:   A61N2/00     IPC:   A61N2/00; A61N2/00

Procédé et dispositif pour l'obtention de radiations radio-actives déterminées et leurs utilisations

Procédé et dispositifs pour déterminer le degré de fraîcheur des ceufs et leur valeur au point de vue incubation









Images of Bovis Biometers

An instrument invented by M. Bovis in France to give measurements on a scale of 1 to 100 in regard to dowsing responses. He first used it to determine the quality of cheese and casks of wine. Now it is mainly used in radiesthesia and other methods of healing. The biometer consists of a wood baseboard with a 100 cm rule which can be slid into the base. At the 0 end a small cup is fitted to hold a witness, if required. The pendulum is held towards the right end of the base and the rule is slid out or in until a positive response is observed by the dowser. The reading on the rule is taken as the value or rate. There are many variations of the biometer.



Color --

Main --

Physical --

Etheric --

Astral --

Mental --

Causative --

Spirit --








The Bovis Biometer -- A Detecting Method

The “vibrational” level of a place, of an object, of a person or of a situation can be measured with many different instruments, I personally use the L-rods with a graduated scale and the Bovis biometer.

In the attachment A you can observe the graduated scale that I use to measure the quantity of subtle energy, attachment B is a picture of the original Bovis biometer, and picture C shows its representation on the graduated scale, used to measure the various “radiances” or subtle energies types with the L-rods.

On a physical ground a healthy person will have a frequency of about 6500 Bovis units (or Angrstrom); this is a wave length colored in orange that is present in the original Bovis biometer, close to the infrared radiation. On the contrary the frequency of a very ill person can go down to less than 4000 units. The vibrational rate of an environment will immediately give an indication about the energetic quality of that place.

In a religious building we can find values of 8000/9000 Bovis units. This values can reach a score of 13,000/19,000 or even more, in some particularly privileged religious sites.? ?A Hartmann knot and an underground water stream, that emit negative frequencies usually have a vibration of about 3,000 Bovis units.

Every contact or closeness to levels below 6500 bovis units will be negative for man; this rule is true also for food. What really matters is not the kind of material but the vitality that it contains. The real organic products and all natural materials have a great level of energy and therefore a high vibrational quality.

Pork meat, even if very tasty, has a very low vibrational energy, from 2,000 to 4,500 Bovis units, like many other refined foods like white pasta or white sugar. This difference of values is determined by the way pigs are raised, what they eat, where they live etc... If a pig is raised outside and well fed the vibration of its meat will be higher than that of a pig which is raised inside and badly fed. This is true for all kinds of meat, eggs and of course for fruit and vegetables, if they are organic they will have a higher vibrational rate.

Another example of low vibration is that of cellular phones and computers which vibrate at about 2,000/3,000 Bovis units and it’s necessary to be very careful while using these equipments, so widely used and so negative for our health.