Maddalena Frau

Posted by Maddalena Frau on May 8, 2015 at 9:40 AM Comments comments (0)

Psychologist, Transpersonal Therapy, Quantum Medicine,


Psycho Vibrational Therapy *PVT* .


Researcher, Scio Therapist, Nutrition.


Immune Internationally Licensed Therapist


Maddalena is a researcher of Integrative and Quantum Medicine, where all of her energy is dedicated to consolidating her knowledge of conventional medicine, natural medicine, nutrition, quantum physics and advanced biofeedback into a model of Integrative Medicine. She has dedicated her life to the promotion of natural health and the prevention of disease, and to bringing depth and understanding to the field of Integrative Medicine. She has researched new approaches to medicine and she an ardent promoter of innovative methods of evaluation as a way to integrate quantum consciousness into the art of healing.

Herbs and Supplements for Depression

Posted by Maddalena Frau on March 25, 2014 at 1:45 AM Comments comments (0)

Depression is a serious medical condition characterized by low mood, lack of energy, sadness, insomnia, and an inability to enjoy life.

Although anyone may experience one or more of these symptoms upon occasion, true depression (sometimes called clinical depression, or major depression) lasts for weeks or more. Until the introduction of antidepressant medications in the mid-20th century, modern medicine could offer few solutions to reverse the debilitating effects of the disease.

With the realization that depression is a physiological disorder caused by disturbances in brain neurotransmitters, rather than a purely psychological disease, scientists worked to develop medications to correct these imbalances. Modern antidepressant drugs work by boosting brain cells’ access to brain messenger chemicals such as serotonin and norepinephrine.

Although modern science has only recently learned to address the underlying causes of depression, for centuries folk medicine has offered some mildly effective treatments. Among these are St. John’s Wort, the omega-3 fatty acids, and other herbal and nutritional supplements.

St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)

This venerable herb has been cultivated in Europe for centuries, where folk healers have used it to dispel melancholia (which we now call clinical depression) since the days of ancient Greece.

In modern Germany, St. John’s wort is routinely prescribed to treat mild to moderate depression among both children and adults. Some studies have concluded that the herb may be as effective in the treatment of mild to moderate depression as modern antidepressant drug therapy with fewer side effects. 

One caveat: St. John’s wort interacts with numerous drugs, and should never be taken without a doctor’s approval, especially by someone who is presently taking other medications.

Chemicals in the herb are believed to relieve depression, much like modern antidepressant medications, by blocking the reuptake of serotonin by nerve cells, making more serotonin available to the brain. For this reason, it should never be taken with a prescription antidepressant, as a rare, but potentially dangerous excess of serotonin could result.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Countless well-controlled studies have concluded that omega-3 fatty acids, obtained primarily from fatty cold-water fish and fish oil supplements, are crucial for proper regulation of a number of brain functions, including mood.

The omega-3 fatty acids are a group of three chemicals, EPA, DHA and ALA, which are essential nutrients. They must be obtained through the diet, and the body must have an adequate supply to function properly. EPA and DHA are especially important. The brain is nearly 60 percent fat by weight, much of that fat consisting of omega-3 fatty acids, which serve as structural components of the brain’s cells and tissues. As integral components of nerve cell membranes, they play a crucial role in allowing the efficient passage of messenger chemicals.

Many medical professionals believe that depression is rooted in faulty brain chemical signaling, and that, as a result, an adequate supply of omega-3 fatty acids promotes optimal functioning. Studies show that supplemental omega-3 fatty acids may help regulate mood and reduce the likelihood of depression, while also improving the effectiveness of antidepressant medications, should they become necessary. Some studies suggest that an intake of at least 2 g of mixed EPA/DHA per day is beneficial.

SAM-e & Folate

S-adenosyl-methionine (SAM-e) is a common chemical present in every cell in the body. Through simple chemical reactions, it is converted in the body into other important chemicals, including the mood-regulating brain chemicals, dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. Available as a prescription drug in some European countries, SAM-e is sold as a safe, well-tolerated supplement in the U.S.

Studies have shown that levels of SAM-e are abnormally low in the brains of people diagnosed with depression. Clinical trials suggest that oral supplementation with SAM-e reverses this deficit and significantly improves mood. Some trials have concluded that SAM-e may be as effective as older tricyclic antidepressant medications with fewer side effects and a quicker onset of action.

Therapeutic doses may range from 400 mg to 1,600 mg per day. For best results, SAM-e should be taken with B vitamins, including B6, B12, and folic acid. Adequate levels of these vitamins will ensure that SAM-e is not converted to the amino acid, homocysteine, which has been implicated in atherosclerosis, a root cause of cardiovascular disease. Folic acid, also known as folate, is also under investigation as a therapy for mild depression. Folate is often abnormally low among people with depression, and some clinical trials indicate that adding folate to the diet may improve the effectiveness of modern antidepressant drugs.

How to Treat Hives Naturally

Posted by Maddalena Frau on March 25, 2014 at 1:35 AM Comments comments (0)

Although the cause of hives is not always known, they are often a response to the body releasing histamines, which it does when we have an allergic reaction to food, medicine or other allergens. Histamine is also sometimes the body's response to infections, stress, sunlight and changes in temperature, among other things. Hives typically manifest as small, swollen, itchy, red areas on the skin that may occur singularly or in clusters.

Left untreated, hives usually fade within a few hours, but new ones may appear in their place. Most hive outbreaks resolve themselves completely within a few days. You can treat hives naturally to get relief from the symptoms.

Treat Hives Naturally Step 1.jpg

Apply a wet, cold compress to the hives to reduce the swelling and cool the inflamed skin.

  • Dampen a paper towel with cold water and lay it on your affected skin for 15 minutes at a time.
  • Reapply the cold compress every few hours as needed to reduce pain and swelling. If hives are terrible it's easiest to take as cold of a bath (covering hives with water) for 20-30 minutes and then stay cool.

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    Drink herbal teas for a natural hive treatment. Purchase tea bags or buy herbs loose and brew your own tea. In general, you should use 1 teaspoon of herb for each cup of hot water. Steep leaf or flower herbs for around 10 minutes, and root herbs for 20. Drink 3 to 4 cups of tea a day for optimal effect.
    • Green tea, commonly known for its health benefits, including antihistamine effects, is available both with and without caffeine.
    • Licorice root may reduce inflammation caused by hives and supports your immune system to help your body recover from symptoms more quickly. If you suffer from high blood pressure, a heart condition, edema, or are taking certain medications such as warfarin or diuretics, do not take licorice root.
    • Goldenseal, best known for its gastrointestinal benefits, has also been found to be beneficial for people with food allergies to eliminate or reduce allergic reactions.
    • Devil's claw, also known as harpagophytum procumbens, may reduce the inflammation and can be helpful if skin lesions occur from severe hive outbreaks. If you have diabetes or are taking blood pressure or blood-thinning medication, do not take devil's claw.
    • Chamomile tea is commonly used by people to treat hives, although there is no scientific evidence to prove its benefits in hive treatment. If you are taking warfarin, do not take chamomile without first getting approval from your doctor.
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    Try other herbal antihistamines. Most of these remedies can be ingested in pill form. They should offer either temporary relief from itching or reduction in redness. Natural herbal antihistamines include:
    • Stinging nettle. This may sound weird, because touching nettles in the wild can produce a rash not unlike hives. Some doctors, however, recommend taking a freeze-dried preparation of stinging nettle, which is known for its ability to reduce the amount of histamine the body produces.
    • Coldsfoot may be effective as a natural antihistamine. Europeans have a long history of using the plant to cure skin conditions. The leaves can either be ground up into a paste or coldsfoot extract can be ingested in pill form.
    • Basil may also work as a natural antihistamine. Heat a couple sprigs of basil leaves up under some steam and apply gently to the hives. Basil may help reassure the body that the foreign agent causing the hives is not something it should be fighting.
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    Soak in a warm, not hot, oatmeal bath to relieve itching and sooth your skin. This is especially helpful if the hives cover a large portion of your body or are concentrated on your legs and lower body.
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    Apply aloe vera topically to the hives as well as to the skin surrounding any affected areas. Aloe Vera helps the effected skin to heal quicker and decreases the chances of hives developing on unaffected areas.
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    Use ginger. Known as a "wonder drug" around the world, ginger can be taken in a variety of ways: incorporated into food, taken as a pill, or used in steam treatments. Try buying fresh ginger, cutting off the skin so that the meat is exposed, and gently daubing the ginger onto the inflamed skin. Place your ginger in the refrigerator beforehand for a cooling effect.
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    Enrich your diet to boost your immune system, decrease your chances of getting hives, and help your body recover from attacks.
    • Eat a well-balanced diet that follows recommendations established by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or recommendations your doctor makes, for optimal health.
    • Increase the amount of vitamin C in your diet by eating more oranges and other citrus fruits, strawberries, raspberries, cantaloupe, tomatoes, red peppers and green leafy vegetables.
    • Eat foods that contain acidophilus and other probiotics for optimal digestive health to shorten the length of the hives when they occur as a result of food allergies. Yogurt that contains live active cultures, cottage cheese and sauerkraut are some good sources.
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    Seek professional help for hive treatment if your attempts at providing relief are not effective or if you have extremely painful or chronic hives. An experienced homeopath can asses your condition and determine which homeopathic remedy is your best natural hive treatment.
    • Acupuncture may decrease the frequency or severity of hives caused by allergic reactions, including angioedema. This is an extreme hive outbreak which also causes swelling of the soft tissue membranes around the lips, tongue and larynx, which can cause breathing problems.

Part 2 of 2: Preventing Hives in the Future

  1. 1
    See a qualified allergist to take an allergy test. An allergy test should include both kinds of dust mites, all foods, and trees and grass, as these are very common allergens. An allergy test should help you conclude which allergens to avoid in the future. You may be allergic to:
    • Food or additives. Strawberries are common triggers of hives, as are food colorings, or salicylates, sulfites and polysorbates.
    • Medications. If you take a medication, especially an antibiotic, that causes you to break out into hives soon afterward, you could be allergic to it.
    • Insect bites. The venom of certain insects may cause an allergic reaction.
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    Avoid stress. The exact medical reasons aren't completely understood yet, but scientists do think there is a link between stress and the immune response. Try to find natural outlets for your stress if you feel overwhelmed, helpless, and frequently exasperated. Exercise, sports, art, and meditation may help avoid a stress-induced breakout.
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    Avoid triggers. Your allergist might be able to help you figure out what natural, chemical, or animal interactions give you hives, but many people are completely in the dark about their triggers.
    • After you have an incident, write down all the foods that you have eaten in the past three days, as well as all the detergents, beauty products, and hygiene products you have used or consumed. Write down every detail you can remember. Bring this list in to your allergist as documentation.
    • If your allergist is unable to come up with a culprit, do some investigation yourself. Start out with a completely bland diet — rice, potatoes, chicken, etc. — for a few days, and then begin introducing different items into your diet, one by one. In the beginning, only wash with unscented, not-chemically-treated soaps; expand to some different detergents if you think they might be the culprit.
    • If you have a big outbreak of hives that is effecting a large part of your body, the quickest way to cool the skin is take a cool shower. Start with warm water and gradually lower the temperature until it is comfortable cool or cold. Avoid taking a hot shower, which could cause further itching and irritation to the sensitive tissue.
    • Try to identify the source of the allergen if you think an allergic reaction is causing your hives. The best way to treat hives is to avoid them. Common food allergens include shellfish, fish, eggs, milk, nuts, berries and tomatoes. You could also be allergic to a preservative, food dye, medicine or other chemical ingredient in prepared products. Keep a food diary and use process of elimination to identify offending foods, or see a doctor for allergy testing.
    • Make a thick paste out of baking soda and water or rice water. Spread on infected area.

How Women Can Prevent or Even Heal Breast Cancer, Explore and Find Love, and Live Healthily Ever After

Posted by Maddalena Frau on January 17, 2014 at 1:20 AM Comments comments (0)

By Amit Goswami, Ph. D.

The actress Angelina Jolie, by her radical mastectomy because of a high probability for contracting breast cancer, has increased our awareness of the suffering that this tragic disease brings to women worldwide.  The truth is, every year roughly 3 million people contract this disease, and thousands die.

Angelina’s case was special because her situation was hereditary.  But many cases of breast cancer are not hereditary,  (due to any genetic abnormality), and the question arises, could it be that in these cases the physical symptoms—cancerous growths—are not due to any physical cause at all?  If there is a nonphysical cause, and we can understand it, can we treat the disease at the root and heal it?  Furthermore, if we can understand the cause of these cases of cancer, could we prevent the cancer by eliminating or minimizing the cause in the first place?

Conventional medicine practitioners are not very friendly to such questions because of their “everything is matter” and “genetic abnormalities cause most disease” philosophy.

Quantum physics leads us to a different philosophy: Consciousness is the ground of being in which there are four worlds of quantum possibilities: material, vital, mental, and archetypal (which I call supramental).  Choice by consciousness from material possibilities gives us material objects of sensing.  When consciousness chooses from the possibility-movements of the vital world, we experience vital energy movements of feeling.  Choice from the mental world (mind) gives us meaningful objects of thought.  And choice from the supramental gives us the archetypal objects of intuition such as love.

The individual manifest worlds of our experience do not interact directly but only through the intermediary of consciousness with nonlocal, signnalless communication (quantum nonlocality).

This scientific validation of our subtle experiences of feeling, thinking, and intuition, opens the door for the validation of alternative practices of medicine that postulate an important disease-causing role to imbalances of the subtle movements of our experience. (Read my book The Quantum Doctor.)  For example, vital body medicine practices such as Traditional Chinese Medicine [TCM], the Indian Ayurveda, and homeopathy claim that many diseases are caused by imbalances or blocks of vital energy movements associated with our organs and their interactions.  Mind-body medicine practices hold that imbalances and blocks in our processing of mental meaning cause some of our diseases.  And so forth.

TCM and What Quantum Physics and Avant-garde Biology Add to TCM Model of Breast Cancer Treatment and Prevention

Now back to breast cancer.  According to TCM, breast cancer is caused by imbalances in the movement of vital energy in the breasts and in the related organs of importance to healthy breast functioning.  Also of importance in TCM is the movement of vital energy in the channels called meridians that connect interacting organs.

In the early days of medicine, when Traditional Chinese medicine was formulated, very little was known about the vital body.  Boldly, the Chinese thinkers used a modified version of the five-elements theory of matter and space (the classification in terms of earth, water, air, fire, and vacuum or empty space) to get a grip.  But being good empiricists, they also took into account what they empirically knew about the organs.  They discovered that organs affect organs in two ways, either in a supportive role or in a controlling role.  Accordingly, they renamed the corresponding vital energy elements as: earth, water, wood, fire, and metal.  Earth nourishes metal in a supporting role, but metal cuts wood in a controlling role.

In this way, TCM practitioners would say that the female breasts, liver, and stomach are connected by support and control.  Therefore, they emphasize the importance of keeping the flow of vital energy in these organs and between these organs unblocked and balanced.  This means we pay special attention to the flow of vital energy in their channels of communication, namely, the liver meridian and the stomach meridian.  Balance in the conceptualization of TCM means a balance between the complementary aspects—yin and yang—of vital energy (chi).

TCM is especially effective as a preventive medicine.  If we keep the vital energy balanced and unblocked in the way described above, we can prevent cancer, is their point.  Empirical data supports their view.

Modern science improves the theory quite a bit.  I have already spoken of how quantum physics and the concept of psycho-physical parallelism make the concept of vital energy scientific.  Balance in this approach means a balance between particle and wave modality of the flow of vital energy, a balance of what is and what is possible, in other words, a balance between conditioning and creativity in the mode of movement.

Now add new insights in the biological theory of form-making, morphogenesis.  The biologist Rupert Sheldrake noted that morphogenesis (how a one-celled embryo, through cell division that creates identical replicas, can grow all the different organs of the body with differentiated functions depending on where in the body the organ lies) gives rise to a paradoxical question—how does the cell know where it is in the body?  Accordingly, there must be new nonlocal, and therefore nonphysical, organizing principles, call them morphogenetic fields, that are instrumental in biological cell-differentiation and form-making.

When we combine the lesson of quantum psychophysical parallelism with Sheldrake’s morphogenetic fields, we can see clearly that the morphogenetic fields are the blueprints of biological form that consciousness uses to make organs.  Each organ then has a “correlated” (through consciousness and quantum nonlocality) morphogenetic blueprint in the vital body.  The conglomerate of these morphogenetic fields associated with all our organs is what we call the vital body.

As the physical body grows through childhood and early adulthood, the movements of these associated morphogenetic fields become conditioned to act in a certain predictable way.  These are yin movements of vital energy.  But the cells die and are replaced from food molecules, disease comes from various sources, environmental changes with seasons and places; in this way, the movements of the morphogenetic fields has to have creative dynamism, a balance of the yang component of chi.

The most serious situation, of course, is created when certain movements of vital energy are entirely blocked; in quantum parlance, these movements are never actualized or collapsed.  We can see, that such blocks of vital energy movement that prevent the functioning of organs would have grave disease-producing consequences.

Now add another relatively new insight of modern biology and medicine, the discovery of the immune system that keeps the body healthy by killing off intruders.   Naturally, modern medicine recognizes the importance of keeping the immune system functioning normally.  Because of occasional mistakes in cell division mechanism, the body is always creating abnormal cells that the immune system kills off routinely as intruders.  But if the immune system does not function properly, these abnormal cells can grow and become malignant causing cancer.

However, modern medicine has only a few legitimate scientific mechanisms for immune system malfunctioning.  The principal one is genetic; if there is a defect in the gene structure, the immune system will go awry with high probability.  This was suspected to be the case with actress Angelina Jolie.

Another mechanism sometimes suggested is the action of a bacteria or a virus that trips off the immune system.  However, there is no concrete case of this happening.  Recently, a red flag was raised in proposing that oral sex can lead to throat cancer through bacterial infection.  The actor Michael Douglas made himself the butt of many jokes when he claimed that his throat cancer was caused by HPV contracted through cunnilingus.

Vital energy medicine can do better.  Blocking of the vital energies associated with the immune system is a likely mechanism for immune system malfunctioning.  What can produce a vital energy block of this kind.

What feelings are associated with immune system functioning?  The job of the immune system in the form of the thymus gland –- its geographical location roughly the same as the female breasts — is to distinguish between “me and not me”. When we fall in love with someone, the movement of the morphogenetic field associated with our immune system is temporarily suspended, suspending immune system functioning as well.  This is experienced as an intense yearning for physical union, a part of all episodes of romantic love.  When the union is achieved, movement of the morphogenetic field (vital energy) resumes, and the immune system functioning returns to normal.

In this way, certain situations in women’s lives can lead to prolonged suspension of immune system functioning, such as a woman in grief from bereavement.  This then can produce breast cancer.

In Eastern psychology, the presence of certain feeling centers along the spine was discovered long ago.  These points are called chakra points.  Notice that the location of the thymus gland is roughly in the same area as the heart.  The corresponding chakra point where we feel romantic love is called the heart chakra.  There are seven such major chakra points.

The identification of unfulfilled romantic love as the source of immune system malfunctioning gives us an extra handle.  It brings to the fore the role of the mind in causing vital energy blocks.  To starve the heart chakra of romantic love until fulfillment is achieved with only the desired partner is often a mental decision that suppresses the feeling of love towards others.  Thus, certain types of cancer, breast cancer in particular, can be recognized as a mind-body disease.

Again, from the perspective of mind-body disease, prevention is the best policy to deal with the problem.  In the olden days, people were encouraged to grieve more than they naturally would.  Now with a cancer-prone environment and an exponential increase of mental stress, we should do the opposite and discourage prolonged mourning.

Is there any healing along these lines once one has contracted breast cancer?  The best results are achieved if we try changing the context of the mental thought that contributes to the negative emotion of grief.

The physician Deepak Chopra discovered the phenomenon of quantum healing as an explanation of many cases of spontaneous healing without medical intervention.  Quantum healing occurs as a discontinuous transition of the mind to the archetypal world to discover a new context for mental thinking that is causing the vital energy block.  Such quantum leaps are part of the creative process.  In the case of mind-caused breast cancer, the quantum leap will let you love again.

The quantum leaps of quantum healing of cancer bring about the normal functioning of the immune system back with such fury that overnight all the cancerous mass is destroyed.

Can we do even better, life-long prevention, once we have rediscovered love?  In TCM, it is recognized that the vital blueprints of the three organs of the lung, liver, and stomach form a special trio of circular hierarchy: the liver blueprint controls the stomach; the stomach blueprint does not control the liver back directly; instead, the stomach blueprint supports the lung blueprint, and the lung blueprint controls the liver blueprint.  Thus the vital blueprints of the three organs form a causal circularity, a situation called tangled hierarchy which produces self-identity.  What this means is that when consciousness collapses the possibility waves of these organs and their associated blueprints (morphogenetic fields), it identifies with the trio as a whole giving the system apparent autonomy.  There is no evidence for any autonomous functioning of the lung, but there is such evidence for the immune system. Clearly, ancient Chinese thought has validity if we substitute immune system for the lung.  In other words, the immune system, the liver, and the stomach form one autonomous system of identification for consciousness.  And it is important to keep each member of the trio and their vital connections healthy to ensure proper immune system functioning.

So the quantum recipe for forever healthy living: discover love and expand your center of functioning from your neocortex to include the heart (immune system) center also.  As John Lennon wrote, “all you need is love”.

7 Acupuncture Side Effects

Posted by Maddalena Frau on December 9, 2013 at 12:40 AM Comments comments (0)

The most common side effects of acupuncture are things everyone wants: better sleep, more energy, mental clarity, better digestion and less stress. One or several of these side effects occur routinely for many, many acupuncture goers.

Following the publication of an article on the most common side effects of acupuncture, AcuTake received multiple inquires from readers about certain unpleasant side effects of acupuncture and whether they too were common.

And indeed, there are other, less-pleasant side effects of acupuncture. These additional side effects are much rarer than the most common side effects of acupuncture, but they can and do occasionally happen.

None are life-threatening, and all typically are fleeting. Still, they are good to be aware of so that if you do experience them, you know they're normal and nothing to be too concerned about.

Infrequent But Possible Side Effects of Acupuncture

In my experience, the following seven side effects can occur after acupuncture.

Worse symptoms

While most people notice a marked improvement in their symptoms following acupuncture, some feel worse before they start feeling better. In natural medicine circles, this is sometimes referred to as a healing crisis. The idea is that as your body starts undergoing the changes involved in moving toward health, things get stirred up. This can cause not only an exacerbation of current symptoms but also the recurrence of previous ailments that had been dormant.

Acupuncture awakens your self-healing capabilities. With that can come an onslaught of bodily awareness. This usually is a positive experience but it also can mean heightened sensitivity or intolerance for things that previously felt normal. An example of this is someone who unconsciously adapts to stress by tightening and hunching up his shoulders. After an acupuncture treatment, once this person's bodily felt sense has been woken up, his mild upper back and neck tension might start screaming.

The good news about this side effect is that it's a sign that things are moving. In the case of acupuncture, this means that the primary objective is being met. That is, you are starting to transition on multiple levels from stuck to unstuck.


People can feel wiped out after acupuncture. A more common result is increased energy, but sometimes the "acu land" effect hangs on a little longer. This is your body telling you that it's depleted. Feeling fatigued after acupuncture is not cause for concern, but it is a warning sign that you need to rest.

If you have this experience, take it easy for the remainder of the day. Take a bath that night. Go to bed early. Come morning, the combination of acupuncture and rest will leave you feeling born again.


Body parts where acupuncture needles get inserted can feel sore after needles are removed. I've found that this most commonly occurs with points in the hands and feet, especially Large Intestine 4, an acupuncture point located between the thumb and index finger. You also may experience muscle soreness away from the needling site if a trigger or ashi point was released during your treatment.

Soreness from acupuncture typically dissipates within 24 hours. However, big trigger point releases can cause residual soreness that lasts a few days. Most acupuncturists will warn you about this before you leave your appointment.


Although less common than soreness, bruising can occur at the needling site. Sometimes bruising is the result of a hematoma, a localized collection of blood that gets initiated when the needle punctures the skin. Bruises, unfortunately, usually last longer than soreness from an acupuncture needle. Still, they generally are not anything to worry about beyond the aesthetic inconvenience.

It is unknown why some people bruise from acupuncture. I have a few patients who, no matter what I try in terms of needle brand, size or technique, they bruise every time. (Again, I often see it happen at Large Intestine 4.) Others -- the majority -- never experience bruising anywhere.

Muscle twitching

Every time I get acupuncture, no matter where the needles are placed, my right quadricep muscle twitches like crazy. Don't ask me why. People may experience involuntary muscle twitching during or after acupuncture. I've seen this occur in muscles that receive acupuncture needles and, as in my case, on seemingly random parts of the body that are far away from any needles.

Muscle twitching is different from full-on muscle spasm. If during or after an acupuncture treatment you feel that one of your muscles is acutely spasming, especially if it's a muscle that was just needled, tell your acupuncturist. He or she might be able to release it before you go on your merry way.


This is pretty rare, but it can happen -- and on very rare occasions, post-acupuncture lightheadedness can result in fainting. Getting up quickly from the acupuncture table can cause lightheadedness, as can coming for acupuncture on an empty stomach. Remember that eating is one of the key things to remember before an acupuncture appointment.

When your acupuncture session is over, take your time getting up and move gently as you gather your things to leave. If you find yourself feeling lightheaded after the treatment, sit in your acupuncturist's waiting room for a few minutes and take some deep breaths. Acupuncture can be a physically and emotionally intense experience, and sometimes our bodies are not fully recovered at exactly the moment our hour is up. It is okay if you need a little extra time.

Emotional release

Sometimes people cry in acupuncture. Not because they're in pain, but because their emotions, which can get stifled while powering through life, become free-flowing. The emotional release that can happen in acupuncture usually is a positive experience, but it can be surprising, especially for people who tend to be more emotionally stoical.

Feeling extra sensitive or tear-prone in an acupuncture session, or in the days that follow, is completely normal. It's also a sign that the acupuncture is working. Even if you're seeking acupuncture for a physical ailment, increased emotional expression is an indication that healing is happening. From an acupuncture perspective, physical and emotional health are interconnected, so emotional shifts suggest forthcoming physical changes as well.

While these side effects are rarely cause for concern, you know your body best. If any of the above side effects feel like they're too severe or lasting too long -- or if you notice any additional negative reactions to an acupuncture treatment -- you should contact your acupuncturist.

Sara Calabro

Cleve Backster - Primary Perception And The Consciousness Of Plants

Posted by Maddalena Frau on November 7, 2013 at 3:50 AM Comments comments (0)

If you are a medical doctor, a physician or surgeon, or a professional who deals with human beings and their problems, this book is a must-read. For the rest of the intelligent population, this book is a should-read. Personally, this reviewer highly recommends that you buy and read this interesting report by Cleve Backster about Cleve Backster's life's work.

This reviewer's first information about Cleve Backster came from reading about his early work in Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird's The Secret Life of Plants. It was amazing to me then, and still is, that a person skilled in the use of a polygraph (equipment used for lie-detection) would think to hook up the polygraph to a plant to measure the plant's response. Backster was about to water a Dracaena plant in the office and wondered whether he could measure the movement of the water into the plant leaves. From such an initial thought came a life's work and changes in the way we must view universal life. You will enjoy the story as told by Backster. From viewing the traces of the polygraph sensor, the results were different than Backster expected and he noted a surge response that was somewhat like one would measure when questioning a person. As Backster relates: "Well, if this plant wants to show me some people-like reactions, I've got to use some people like rules on it and see it I can get this to happen again."

Later Backster decided to try something that the plant could really feel like using a flame to burn a leaf. It was astonishing to note that it was the THOUGHT of burning a leaf to which the polygraph showed an immediate response! From this bit of history, it must be stated that science now has years of data on plant, animal, and even microscopic life forms and their ability to respond to thought processes.

One interesting example was Backster's observation of a plant's reaction on the polygraph when he poured boiling water down the sink. What could hot water going down a sink have to do with a response from his measurements? The answer led into a new series of investigations. It had to be that live microscopic organisms in the drain were killed by the hot water - thus the response. Astonishing that bacteria could emit signals that could be received many feet away by another life form.

As a scientist I can understand why it has taken so long for the enormously important discoveries being made by Cleve Backster to begin to be accepted by the scientific community. It is strongly a part of science's understanding of life that some type of a brain or nervous system would be required to respond to (or emit) stimuli. How could a plant, an egg, a cup of yogurt, or just some white cells from a person's mouth either respond to or emit detectable stimuli?

Cleve Backster's book is both a trail of discovery and the slow and grudging partial acceptance by some scientists of the fact that all living cells appear to have some sensitivity to the well-being of other life forms. Science has not, as yet, accepted Backster's discoveries. A scientific fact is best defined as: A series of observations of the same phenomena. This definition implies replication. Backster's book reports on a variety of replications of his work both by other investigators and by military laboratories.

At the beginning of Chapter 8, Backster includes the following quote from Max Planck: A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die and the new generation grows up that's familiar with it.

Unfortunately, even the best of scientists among us have some problems with accepting dramatic changes resulting from new discoveries. This author is well acquainted with the difficulty of "teaching old dogs new tricks." We become so immersed in making incremental advances in our own scientific specialties that we often lose sight of the dramatic changes that are being discovered and, hopefully, gradually accepted.

Backster ends with a discussion of what is needed for the further development and acceptance of biocommunication. What is needed is inexpensive monitoring devices (so that high school students, for example, can replicate and/or extend some of Backster's work). Simple sensing devices are pretty well developed. Yards of chart paper is expensive and so are chart-type recorders. This reviewer suggests that the use of some of the megabytes of computer memory can store an enormous amount of data and should be used for recording and display of sensory changes.

In the Secret Life of Plants, this reviewer read about how a carrot being sliced could emit signals that could be picked up by another life form being monitored. However, if prayer was first used, then the carrot did not emit such signals. Perhaps, the bible has some interesting reason for suggesting that one prayer over the food. Do you pray before slicing your carrots? You may want to after reading Cleve Backster's life's work. Backster also indicates how some cells also go silent under some other circumstances. This effect sometimes makes it more difficult to replicate a given experiment.

Again, this reviewer strongly recommends that you read about biocommunication. It may just change the way you view all of the living world. You may become nicer to your plants.


Posted by Maddalena Frau on October 14, 2013 at 8:40 AM Comments comments (0)

Arnica (Arnica montana) has been used for medicinal purposes since the 1500s and is still popular today. Applied to the skin as a cream, ointment, liniment, salve, or tincture, arnica has been used to soothe muscle aches, reduce inflammation, and heal wounds. It is commonly used for injuries such as sprains and bruises. As an herb, arnica is usually used topically (on the skin) because it can cause serious side effects when taken by mouth. Oral homeopathic remedies do contain arnica, but they use a diluted form that is not considered dangerous. If you have any question about whether you have the herbal or homeopathic form of arnica, talk to your doctor.

Plant Description

Arnica is a perennial that grows to a height of 1 - 2 feet with yellow-orange flowers similar to daisies. Stems are round and hairy, ending in 1 - 3 flower stalks, with flowers 2 - 3 inches across. Leaves are bright green. The upper leaves are toothed and slightly hairy, while lower leaves have rounded tips. It is native to the mountains of Europe and Siberia, and is cultivated in North America.

Parts Used

Fresh or dried flower heads are used in medicinal preparations.

Medicinal Uses and Indications

  • Arnica is used topically for a wide range of conditions, including bruises, sprains, muscle aches, wound healing, superficial phlebitis, joint pain, inflammation from insect bites, and swelling from broken bones. More recent studies suggest it may also be helpful in the treatment of burns.
  • Homeopathic preparations are also used to treat sore muscles, bruises, and other conditions caused by overexertion or injury. Homeopathic doses are extremely diluted. They have no detectable amount of the plant in them and are generally considered safe for internal use when taken according to the directions on the label.

Available Forms

Arnica is available in topical creams and ointments. It is most commonly found as a tincture, which can also be used as the base for compresses and poultices. Arnica oil may also be used in topical preparations.

A number of homeopathic remedies are available in pill, topical, or injectable forms.

How to Take It

You should not take arnica by mouth without direct medical supervision, except in a diluted form as a homeopathic remedy, because side effects may be severe (see "Precautions").

Use homeopathic products according to directions on the label or the advice of your homeopathic practitioner. Health care providers may give homeopathic preparations by injection.

When using arnica topically, never apply it to an open wound without a doctor's supervision.


You may also use homeopathic preparations to treat bruising, swelling, and trauma to soft tissues. Follow the dosage instructions on the product label or consult a licensed homeopath. Use only in homeopathic formulations. Don’t use the herb itself.


Commercial preparations of creams, ointments, and lotions are available through some specialty stores and natural health providers. Homeopathic preparations are widely available at health food stores and many pharmacies.


Arnica is generally safe when used on the skin. However, using it for a long time may irritate the skin, causing eczema, peeling, blisters, or other skin conditions. Arnica should not be used on broken skin, such as leg ulcers. In one study, researchers found that arnica used topically increased leg pain 24 hours after participants performed calf exercises. Also, people who are hypersensitive or allergic to the herb should avoid it.

Arnica is rarely used as an internal herbal remedy because it can cause dizziness, tremors, and heart irregularities. It may also irritate mucous membranes and cause vomiting. Large doses can even be fatal. Do not take arnica by mouth except under close supervision of your doctor. You can generally take homeopathic remedies, which use extremely small amounts of arnica, safely.

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, avoid taking arnica, and ask your doctor before using it on your skin. Talk to your doctor before taking any medication, including herbs.

Possible Interactions

When used topically or in a homeopathic remedy, there are no known interactions with arnica and conventional medications.

Supporting Research

Adkison JD. The effect of topical arnica on muscle pain. Ann Pharmacother. 2010; 44(10):1579-84.

Auerbach. Wilderness Medicine, 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby; 2011.

Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J, eds. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Newton, Mass: Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000.

Bolognia. Dermatology, 3rd ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders; 2012.

Brinkhaus B, Wilkens JM, Ludtke R, Hunger J, Witt CM, Willich SN. Homeopathic arnica therapy in patients receiving knee surgery: Results of three randomised double-blind trials. Complement Ther Med. 2006 Dec;14(4):237-46.

Huber R. Bross F, Schempp C, Grundermann C. Arnica and stinging nettle for treating burns - a self-experiment. Complement Ther Med. 2011; 19(5):276-80.

Kotlus BS, Heringer DM, Dryden RM. Evaluation of Homeopathic Arnica montana for Ecchymosis After Upper Blepharoplasty: A Placebo-Controlled, Randomized, Double-Blind Study. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010 Jul 29. [Epub ahead of print]

Seeley BM, Denton AB, Ahn MS, Maas CS. Effect of homeopathic Arnica montana on bruising in face-lifts: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2006 Jan-Feb;8(1):54-9.

Alternative Names

Arnica montana; Leopard's bane

Source: Arnica | University of Maryland Medical Center http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/herb/arnica#ixzz2hhRhPzJ3
University of Maryland Medical Center
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Posted by Maddalena Frau on October 5, 2013 at 3:50 AM Comments comments (0)

KUNDALINI - (Sanskrit kund, "to burn"; kunda, "to coil or to spiral") a concentrated field of intelligent, cosmic invisible energy absolutely vital to life; beginning in the base of the spine when a man or woman begins to evolve as wisdom is earned. Kundalini has been described as liquid fire and liquid light. The ultimate outcome of kundalini is the union of Will (sakti-kundalini), Knowledge (prana-kundalini) and Action (para-kundalini).

"Kundalini is the focused energy of the human body and human psyche. Energy can be either manifested or unmmanifested. It can remain in the seed or it can sprout in a manifested form. Kundalini means your total potential. But it is a seed; it's a possibility. The ways to awaken kundalini are ways to make your potential actual" 91 Osho, The ABC of Enlightenment

Kundalini is a runaway train that one spontaneously has to learn how to drive. However the more one learns how to drive the train the faster it goes. But if one defaults and resists learning how to drive the train it ends up derailing in a crash. Friction and difficulty occur not so much from the process itself but from our conscious and unconscious interference with it due to not understanding what is going on.

"The mystic, endowed with native talents...and following...the instruction of a master, enters the waters and finds he can swim; whereas the schizophrenic, unprepared, unguided and ungifted, has fallen or has intentionally plunged and is drowning." Joseph Campbell, Myths to Live By

Kundalini cannot be separated from Eros or the Muse...the soul and Kundalini appear to be the SAME THING.

A kundalini awakening is simply the amplification of the play of the poles, charges, hemispheres and sexes. It is the energy that drives the Kosmos itself.

"The eros that can be named is not eros. Eros is the secret that cannot be named. Sometimes men have named it shaktipat." JR Haule

"Eros is the transformative force of life, love is the unifying force and sexuality is the creative force, the expression of our physical nature. Love is the expression of a conscious will to evolve toward a unified being. Eros, sexuality and love present the possibility of unifying the masculine and feminine within us." John C. Pierrakos M.D.

Eros is the syntropic-life urge while Thanatos is the entropic-death urge. However Thanatos is not a love of death, but a fear of death that draws one inextricably towards it. Thanatos is also a fear of life, and appears to be a default on Life/Eros due to an ignorance of Eros/Life. Thanatos is the tendency to want to become "nonsentient' to avoid the validity, depths, complexity, demands, challenges and even the pleasures of life. Freud's description of Eros and Libido included all creative, life-producing drives. While he defined the death drive in “Beyond the Pleasure Principle” as "an urge inherent in all organic life to restore an earlier state of things". In psychoanalytic theory, Eros is characterised as the tendency towards cohesion and unity, whereas the death drive is the tendency towards destruction.

"Ride your horse along the edge of the sword
Hide yourself in the middle of the flames
Blossoms of the fruit tree will bloom in the fire
The sun rises in the evening."
--Zen Koan

Trying to put kundalini into words: tumescence, insurgence, outburst, protrusion, incarnation, emergence, epiphany, prelude, opening, elevation, emanate, exsurge, mount the barricades, bloom, conflagration, breakthrough, magnify, crescendo, accumulate, upsurge, levitate.

"The Kundalini creates the universe out of Her own being, and it is She Herself who becomes this universe. She becomes all the elements of the universe and enters into all the different forms that we see around us. She becomes the sun, the moon, the stars and fire to illuminate the cosmos which She creates. She becomes the prana, the vital force, to keep all creatures, including humans and birds, alive; it is She who, to quench our thirst, becomes water. To satisfy our hunger, She becomes food. Whatever we see or don't see, whatever exists, right from the earth to the sky isÉnothing but Kundalini. It is that supreme energy which moves and animates all creatures, from the elephant to the tiniest ant. She enters each and every creature and thing that She creates, yet never loses Her identity or Her immaculate purity." Swami Muktananda, Kundalini: The Secret of Life.

"To this day I find myself trying to get a handle on that Shakti and make it mine. But I can't possess it--I can only be possessed by it." Joseph Chilton Pearce, The Biology of Transcendence, 87

Throughout this book the term kundalini awakening is used interchangeably with metamorphosis, spiritual alchemy, spiritual acceleration, the inner marriage, the sacred marriage, The Passion and even The Great Bliss. The energy of kundalini could be variously called prana, chi, mana, Baron Carl von Reichenbach's odic force (od), Wilheim Reich's orgone, Ken Wilber's Spiritual Eros, Henri Bergson's elan vital, Tielhard de Chardin's radial energy, Freud's libido, archeus, etheric energy, vital life-ess

Herbal Medicine is Medicine

Posted by Maddalena Frau on September 14, 2013 at 4:30 AM Comments comments (0)
By Rachel Danks, PhD


Recently, the UK Government announced a consultation on whether practitioners of acupuncture, herbal medicine and traditional Chinese medicine should become subject to statutory regulation. Unsurprisingly, the announcement has sparked some lively debate. Currently, most herbal remedies and dietary supplements are classified by regulatory authorities as “foods,” and therefore subject to far less stringent legal requirements than pharmaceutical products. However, if a herbal remedy offers some pharmacological effect over and above its nutritional value (and many undoubtedly do), then it becomes no longer a food but a medicine.

Medicines, including herbal medicines, make changes at a physiological level. Some of these changes are desirable and some are not. It would be irrational to imagine that any agent would have only positive benefits: if you believe an effect is real enough to do you good, you must also believe it could do you harm. The secret of good medicine is to balance the potential benefits of a drug with its known side effects.

There is a widespread perception that a herbal remedy is somehow more gentle or less ‘alien’ than a prescription drug. In fact, herbal medicines are generally no more than plant extracts containing an assortment chemicals whose actions are largely unknown. Is it really better to swallow a jumble of plant chemicals than a single, purified and identifiable one? With a prescription or over-the-counter drug, at least you know what you are getting; a herbal remedy, by contrast, can vary from one country to another, one manufacturer to another or even one bottle to another. In fact, analyses have revealed that the contents of many herbal products do not always match the ingredients listed on the labels, and some even contain dangerous poisons, including pesticides, lead or mercury. It is ironic that so many people who are so particular about what they consume are prepared to take tablets they so little about.

Despite the advances made in conventional medicines, many people live their lives in constant pain and discomfort, and are willing, or desperate, to give anything a try. It is these people more than most who must be protected from the false hopes and exaggerated claims that some herbal remedies offer.

Of course, many alternative health practitioners care deeply about their patients, and genuinely believe they can offer something that alternative medicine cannot. These practitioners stand to gain from regulation, through the increased credibility and patient reassurance that it brings. Indeed, the European Herbal and Traditional Medicine Practitioners Association (EHTPA) and National Institute of Medical Herbalists (NIMH) have both publicly welcomed government consultation. So, with support from practitioners and encouragement from the government, can it be long before alternative medicine comes under the umbrella with its better researched and more robust cousin, medicine?

Rachel Danks, PhD

Rachel Danks, PhD, is a freelance medical writer and editor with over 12 years of experience in the field. She has written and edited numerous academic papers, and is experienced in preparing marketing materials, educational resources and regulatory documents. Her clients include medical education groups, advertising agencies, pharmaceutical companies and academic institutions.


Posted by Maddalena Frau on May 15, 2013 at 2:15 AM Comments comments (0)

Imagine a plant that can nourish your body by providing most of the protein you need to live, help prevent the annoying sniffling and sneezing of allergies, reinforce your immune system, help you control high blood pressure and cholesterol and help protect you from cancer.Does such a “super food” exist?

Yes. It’s called spirulina.

Unlike plants you may grow in your garden, this “miracle” plant is a form of blue-green algae that springs from warm, fresh water bodies.

Spirulina vs Chlorella -- Similarities and Differences

Chlorella is another form of algae that is sometimes confused with spirulina. The fundamental difference between spirulina and chlorella is that spirulina is many thousands of years older and does not possess the hard cell wall that makes chlorella closer to being a plant than algae.

Chlorella is an excellent way to detoxify your body from mercury, which most of you are contaminated with if you’ve ever had dental fillings, received a vaccine, used certain types of cookware or eaten fish. Spirulina simply is unable to remove heavy metals like chlorella as it lacks a cell membrane.

Chlorella has also been proven to be of benefit to those who suffer from degenerative disease. This report, however, will focus on the specific benefits that can be attributed to spirulina in particular.

Spirulina History -- Could This Super Food Help End World Hunger?

Spirulina is a simple, one-celled organism that got its name from the Latin word for ‘helix’ or ‘spiral’ because of its spring-like physical characteristic. Its scientific name is Arthrospira platensis, and it belongs to the cyanobacteria family.

The use of spirulina as a food source dates all the way back to 9th century Chad and it is believed spirulina was used by the Aztecs in 16th century Mexico. Historical records report the harvesting and selling of cakes made from spirulina harvested from Lake Texcoco. It was rediscovered in the 1950’s in the same place where it has said to have its origins by a European scientific mission. The spirulina was being harvested and sold in dried flat cakes called, “dihé” at the local markets where natives would use it as a staple for many of their meals.

Spirulina didn’t come into commercial production until the 1970’s when a French company began the first large-scale spirulina production plant. Within a few years, America and Japan began producing their own spirulina.

Today, these nutrient-rich algae are being used around the world to help treat illness and are being seriously discussed as a sustainable source of food with the potential to end world hunger. Unlike most plants, which need to be cultivated and nurtured, spirulina is a survivor, able to withstand extreme temperature variations and neglect and still thrive. According to studies, spirulina is being successfully used to treat a wide variety of ailments, including those who’ve been poisoned by arsenic-contaminated water.

How Spirulina Helped Save Millions from Arsenic Poisoning

Most of us take clean, healthy drinking water for granted. Unfortunately, in some countries like Bangladesh, it is a luxury. As I stated in this previous article, much of the Bangladesh water supply is loaded with arsenic and up until the mid-1990s, little could be done to treat dying arsenic poisoning patients.

Bangladeshi researchers conducted a three-month-hospital-based study where spirulina was given to 33 patients while 17 received placebo doses. 82 percent of those taking spirulina showed tremendous improvement.

An Immune-System Power-Boost -- Spirulina’s Impact on Candida and AIDS

According to a study done by the Department of Aquataculture in Taiwan, spirulina shows significant immune-boosting properties. Researchers exposed white shrimp to seawater containing a hot-water extract of spirulina before transferring them to seawater with a pH level of 6.8. The control group was not exposed to spirulina.

The shrimp exposed to the spirulina seawater showed a faster and more promising recovery rate to the high levels of pH than those not given the dose of spirulina first.

Now, let’s take a look at what this immune-system boosting power can mean for you:


If you have an autoimmune disease such as Crohn’s disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, Lupus or fibromyalgia, chronic candida yeast can both cause and worsen your symptoms. Spirulina has been shown to encourage and support the growth of healthy bacterial flora in your gut, which can help keep candida overgrowth under control.


Drugs such as AZT used to treat HIV and AIDS patients can actually cause the symptoms they are supposed to cure. However, spirulina has been shown to help inactivate the human immunodeficiency virus associated with HIV and AIDS.

Nothing to Sneeze At

If you suffer from seasonal or perennial allergies, you’re not alone. Millions of people are allergic to pollen, ragweed, dust, mold, pet dander and a myriad other environmental contaminants, ensuring the makers of Kleenex will always stay in business.

Unfortunately, many people who have allergic rhinitis treat it with prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs that often do more harm than good. Antihistamines are designed to suppress your immune system, which leads to decreased resistance to disease and dependence on the drug. Certain asthma drugs have been linked to serious side effects as well.

This is where natural methods such as the use of spirulina come in. According to one study, patients treated with spirulina reported relief of symptoms commonly associated with allergic rhinitis, such as nasal discharge and congestion, sneezing and itching when given spirulina.

Balances Blood Pressure

High blood pressure (hypertension) is a serious health concern that affects millions of Americans today. If you have high blood pressure, you are at increased risk of dying from a heart attack or stroke.

The good news is, following a healthy nutritional plan, getting adequate exercise and applying stress modification techniques such as the Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) can help normalize blood pressure and get you back on track to optimal health. According to a study done by the Department of Biochemistry in Mexico, 4.5 grams of spirulina given each day, was shown to regulate blood pressure among both women and men between the ages of 18-65 years with no other dietary changes made during the 6 weeks the experiment was run.

For more information about high blood pressure and how to normalize it without resorting to potentially dangerous drugs, please see this link.

Help to Normalize Cholesterol Naturally

Are you on a cholesterol medication? Tens of millions of people take cholesterol-lowering medications every day and, according to “experts”, millions more should be taking them, including children! If you are skeptical about this recommendation please see this page, which contains a list of articles addressing the dangers of statin drugs.

Statin drugs are responsible for a host of unwanted and dangerous side effects including:

  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Anemia
  • Immune depression
  • Acidosis
  • Pancreas or liver dysfunction (including a potential increase in liver enzymes)
  • Cataracts
  • Increased cancer risk

Cholesterol-lowering medications have also been linked to severe muscle problems such as polyneuropathy (nerve damage in the hands and feet) and rhabdomyolysis (a serious degenerative muscle tissue condition). There is even evidence to suggest that taking statins can increase your risk of developing Lou Gehrig’s disease.

Thankfully, there are natural ways to lower your cholesterol. Avoiding fructose and grains, and getting appropriate exercise top the list (for more information, please see this previous article), but spirulina may also help. According to a study done on elderly male and female patients ages 60-87, those given 8 grams of spirulina per day for 16 consecutive weeks showed lower cholesterol levels than those who were given a placebo.

Lowers Stroke Risk

Those with sickle-cell anemia or congenital heart defects are at greater risk for a condition called brain ischemia or cerebral ischemia. Brain ischemia refers to a lack of blood flow to your brain, which causes oxygen deprivation and can lead to a stroke. Just ten seconds of interrupted blood flow to your brain can cause unconsciousness and lead to serious health consequences.

In a study done at the Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology in India, it was found that a dosage of 180mg/kg of spirulina had a protective effect on the brain and nervous system of rats exposed to high amounts of free radicals, compared to rats not given the spirulina before the experiment. This lab test shows the promising effect of spirulina on stroke prevention.

Helps Reduce Cancer Risk

Cancer is the leading killer of adult Americans under 70 and in the case of this frightening disease, prevention is worth much more than a pound of cure. It could literally save your life.

My first recommendation in cutting your cancer risk is to eliminate sugar/fructose, grains, and processed foods from your diet. Additives such as fructose feed cancer cells and help them to thrive. I also recommend healthy sun exposure, which will boost your levels of natural vitamin D and help cut your cancer risk by half!

But spirulina may have potential benefits here as well. According to a study done in China, selenium-infused spirulina inhibited the growth of MCF-7 breast cancer cells.

Healthy for Vegetarians -- More Protein than Red Meat

When you think of protein, you probably imagine sitting down to a meal of organic eggs or grass-fed beef or maybe even drinking a whey protein shake.

If you’re a vegetarian, you may turn to plant-protein sources such as nuts, beans, lentils and soy products. Unfortunately, soy is not the health food it claims to be. None of the above-mentioned sources of protein compare to the protein punch delivered by spirulina. Spirulina is 65-71 percent complete protein compared to beef, which is only 22 percent, and lentils, which is only 26 percent.

In addition to being protein-rich, spirulina is an excellent source of vital amino acids and minerals easily assimilated by your body. You would need to consume only two tablespoons of spirulina as a protein substitute for a meal.

Optimal Spirulina -- Types and Dosing

There are many types of spirulina out there so it is important to do your homework before making a purchase. Since spirulina grown in an uncontrolled environment has the potential to become contaminated with heavy metals and other toxins, it is important to choose organic spirulina from a reputable source.

Spirulina comes in capsules, tablets, powders and flakes. The recommended daily dose is typically betweeen 3 to 5 grams. You can spread the dose out to twice or three times a day if you like. It is safe to take higher doses, but this is a good place to start.  Remember to increase your intake of spring or filtered water when taking spirulina to help it absorb into your system.

An Important Note on Dosing

In addition to being your powerhouse of essential vitamins and minerals, spirulina is a potent detoxifier. For that reason, it is best to start with a small dose and work your way up. Once you see how your body responds, you can then gradually increase your intake.

Potential Adverse Reactions

Spirulina is a safe source of protein, nutrients, vitamins and minerals that has been used for centuries. Though there are no known side effects associated with spirulina, your body may react to it based on your current state of health. Let’s take a look at some of those reactions, what they mean, and what you can do to alleviate them.

The most prominent reactions you may experience are:

  • Slight Fever -- The high protein content in spirulina increases metabolism, which may elevate body temperature.)
  • Dark Green Waste Matter -- Spirulina can remove accumulated waste product in your colon, which may cause darker stool. Also, spirulina is high in chlorophyll. This will also turn waste matter green.
  • Excessive Passing of Gas -- This may indicate that your digestive system is not functioning properly or you have an extreme build-up of gas.
  • Feelings of Excitement -- Your body is converting protein into heat energy, which may cause temporary feelings of restlessness.
  • Breakouts and Itchy Skin -- This is caused by colon cleansing process and is only temporary.
  • Sleepiness -- This is caused by the detoxification process and may indicate your body is exhausted and needs better rest.

Remember, your body may go through an adjustment period with spirulina and your best bet to reduce reaction is to dose gradually to see how your body will react. Increase your water intake, reduce your stress levels, eat according to your nutritional type and get plenty of rest.

Important Contraindications for Spirulina

Even though spirulina is entirely natural and generally considered a healthful food, there are some contraindications you need to be aware of.  You should not take spirulina if you have a severe seafood or iodine allergy. And, if you are pregnant or nursing or have hyperthyroidism, consult your healthcare provider before taking spirulina.


As you can see, spirulina can serve as a potent ‘super food.’ Just remember to do your research and arm yourself with knowledge. It is the best way to take control of your health!

Horned melon or kiwano

Posted by Maddalena Frau on April 30, 2013 at 9:25 AM Comments comments (0)

Horned melon or kiwano, also called African horned cucumber or melon, jelly melon, hedged gourd, or melano, is an annual vine in the cucumber and melon family. It is considered to be the ancestor of the other cultivated melons. Often known by its nickname in the southeastern United States, blowfish fruit, it is grown for its fruit, which look like oval melons with horn-like spines. The fruit of this plant is edible, but it is used as often for decoration as for food. When ripe, it has a yellow-orange skin and a lime green, jelly-like flesh with a tart taste, and texture similar to a cucumber. The horned melon is native to Africa, and it is now grown in California, Chile, Australia and New Zealand, as well.

In Zimbabwe, this cucumber is called gaka or gakachika, and it is primarily used as a fruit-snack, salad, and, rarely, for decoration. It is eaten young, mature green, or when ripe - bright yellow/orange (i.e., at any stage of its development). It grows naturally in the fields and also in the bush. However, some people leave some to rot in the fields for the next summer's seeds/plants. Its taste has been compared to a combination of cucumber and zucchini. or a combination of banana, cucumber and lemon.

Some eat the peel, as well. The fibrous structure and protein composition of the peel provides for a taste and texture similar to the plantain family. One variety does not have horns, but looks and tastes similar. The seeds are covered in a gel-like substance.

The skin is very rich in vitamin C and fiber. A small amount of salt or sugar can increase the flavor. The fruit can be used in cooking, but when eaten raw, most suck out the pulp and spit out the seeds, although eating the skin and/or the seeds is also known.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Cucumis
Species: C. metuliferus
Horned Melon, raw

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 183 kJ (44 kcal)
Carbohydrates 7.56 g
Fat 1.26 g
Protein 1.78 g
Water 88.97 g
Vitamin A equiv. 7 μg (1%)
- beta-carotene 88 μg (1%)
Thiamine (vit. B1) 0.025 mg (2%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2) 0.015 mg (1%)
Niacin (vit. B3) 0.565 mg (4%)
Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.183 mg (4%)
Vitamin B6 0.063 mg (5%)
Folate (vit. B9) 3 μg (1%)
Vitamin C 5.3 mg (6%)
Calcium 13 mg (1%)
Iron 1.13 mg (9%)
Magnesium 40 mg (11%)
Manganese 0.039 mg (2%)
Phosphorus 37 mg (5%)
Potassium 123 mg (3%)
Sodium 2 mg (0%)
Zinc 0.48 mg (5%)

A traditional food plant in Africa, this fruit has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable landcare.

Along with the Gemsbok cucumber, it is the only source of water during the dry season in the Kalahari desert.

Despite the fruit's colorful appearance, it has not found any significant uses in Western cusine, and has been called "astringent", and the prices "exorbitant".

In terms of chemical makeup it is similar to others in the family Cucurbitaceae.

Horned Melon Nutritional Facts

This cucumber-like melon contains low calories and low carbohydrates. You will find African horned melon in the exotic fruits section of your local supermarket. A ripe kiwano is brighter and tastes sweeter than an unripe one. Hence, you should have a good eye to select ripe melons only. Being a tropical fruit, they get spoiled very soon at low temperatures. So, avoid keeping them in the refrigerator.
Rather store them in room temperature, and they will remain for 1 month and more. For your reference, nutritional values of horned melons are presented below.

The calorie content of horned melon is relatively less, making it an excellent choice for people who are cautious about their daily calorie intake. You will be glad to know that serving 100 g of this melon yields just 25 calories. All these calories come from carbohydrates and fiber, and there are no fats. The best part is, horned melon gives a satiation feeling, and helps dieters in curbing their appetite. So, you can devour this low calorie fruit in between meals, instead of snacking high calorie foods.

Serving a ripe fruit weighing 100 g yields 1 g of dietary fiber and 1 g of protein. The total carbohydrate content in the same serving amount is 3 g, which is comparatively lower than other starchy melons. What's more, studies state that 100 g of this fruit is sufficient to provide 40 percent of the daily vitamin C requirement according to the 2000 calorie diet plan. This banana and lemon flavored melon is a rich source of vitamin A, iron and calcium.

Thus, besides the low calorie tag, horned melon is good for providing dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals. The good point for consuming this fruit is, absence of sodium, saturated fats and cholesterol. Despite the horned melon nutrition and its yearlong availability, many people feel hesitant to add it in the daily diet. The reasons may be because of the spikes and presence of large seeds throughout the flesh. These seeds are edible and there is no need to remove them. Remember that ingesting melon seeds is a simple approach to reap the nutritional benefits of iron.

The health benefits of the kiwano are in the nutrients it contains.

These nutrients are made up of good levels of vitamin C, iron and potassium. It also has smaller amounts of phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, calcium, copper and sodium. The seeds contain linoleic and oleic acid. Linoleic is an omega fatty acid which is required for human health while oleic acid is thought to help with the lowering of blood pressure.

There are two antioxidants which have been identified in the melon seeds and these are y-tocopherol and a- tocopherol. Both are organic types of vitamin E which have many health benefits. These types of health benefits of the kiwano means that many parts of the body benefit from, such as the red bloods cells, skin, muscles, nerves and heart. Vitamin E works in the body by helping to neutralize the damage from free radicals which can cause cancer and cardiovascular disease. It has been suggested that Vitamin E may be helpful in reducing the risk of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease.


Horn melon can be used in both sweet and savory recipes with or without its seeds. Use in sweet preparations such as ice creams, sorbets, syrups and fruit salads.

To remove the seeds press the interior flesh through a fine mesh sieve. Use the seed free juice to flavor cocktails, smoothies, dressings and sauces.

The hollowed shell makes an excellent and unique serving dish. Its flavor pairs well with melon, passion fruit, banana, coconut, honey and vanilla yogurt or ice cream. Horn melon will keep at room temperature or refrigerated for up to a week or ten days.

Soursop/Raviola as a Cancer medicine

Posted by Maddalena Frau on April 10, 2013 at 1:25 AM Comments comments (0)


Soursop is the fruit of Annona muricata, abroadleaf, flowering, evergreen tree native to Mexico, Cuba, Central America,the Caribbean, and northern South America, primarily Colombia, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador,and Venezuela. Soursop is also produced in Somalia. Today, it is also grown insome areas of Southeast Asia, as well as in some Pacific islands. It was mostlikely brought from Mexico to the Philippines by way of the Manila-AcapulcoGalleon trade. It is in the same genus as the chirimoya and the same family asthe pawpaw.

Soursop, raw, edible parts

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)

  • Energy                                       276 kJ (66 kcal)
  • Carbohydrates                        16.84 g
  • Sugars                                      13.54 g
  • Dietary fiber                              3.3 g
  • Fat                                              0.30 g
  • Protein                                      1.00 g
  • Vitamin A equiv.                       0 μg (0%)
  • Thiamine (vit. B1)                   0.070 mg (6%)
  • Riboflavin (vit. B2)                   0.050 mg (4%)
  • Niacin (vit. B3)                         0.900 mg (6%)
  • Vitamin B6                               0.059 mg (5%)
  • Folate (vit. B9)                         14 μg (4%)
  • Vitamin C                                 20.6 mg (25%)
  • Calcium                                   14 mg (1%)
  • Iron                                            0.6 mg (5%)
  • Magnesium                             21 mg (6%)
  • Phosphorus                            27 mg (4%)
  • Potassium                               278 mg (6%)
  • Zinc                                           0.1 mg (1%)

Percentages are relative to

US recommendations for adults.

Source: USDA Nutrient Database


The soursop is adapted to areas of high humidityand relatively warm winters; temperatures below 5 °C (41 °F) will causedamage to leaves and small branches, and temperatures below 3 °C (37 °F)can be fatal. The fruit becomes dry and is no longer good for concentrate.

Annonamuricata var.subonica

Other common names include: Evo (Ewe, VoltaRegion, Ghana), Aluguntugui (Ga, Greater Accra Region, Ghana) guanábana(Spanish), graviola (Brazilian Portuguese, pronounced: [gɾɐviˈɔlɐ]), anona (European Portuguese), corossol(French),කටු අනෝදා (Sinhalese), sorsaka(Papiamento), adunu (Acholi), Brazilian pawpaw, guyabano, guanavana,toge-banreisi, durian benggala, durian belanda, nangkablanda, thu-rian khack (Thai), sirsak, zuurzak (Dutch)and nangka londa. In Malayalam, it is called mullaatha, literallythorny custard apple. The other lesser-known Indian names are shul-ram-faland Lakshmana Phala. and in Harar (Ethiopia) in Harari language knownfor centuries as Amba Shoukh (Thorny Mango or Thorny Fruit).

The flavour has been described as a combination of strawberryand pineapple, with sour citrus flavour notes contrasting with an underlyingcreamy flavour reminiscent of coconut or banana.

Cultivationand usesThe plant is grown as a commercial herb crop forits 20–30 cm (7.9–12 in) long, prickly, green fruit, which can have amass of up to 15 lb (6.8 kg), making it probably the second biggestannona after the junglesop.

Away from its native area, some limited productionoccurs as far north as southern Florida within USDA Zone 10; however, these aremostly garden plantings for local consumption. It is also grown in parts of SoutheastAsia and abundant on the Island of Mauritius. The soursop will reportedly fruitas a container specimen, even in temperate climates, if protected from cooltemperatures.

The flesh of the fruit consists of an edible, whitepulp, some fiber, and a core of indigestible, black seeds. The species is theonly member of its genus suitable for processing and preservation. The sweetpulp is used to make juice, as well as candies, sorbets, and ice creamflavorings.

In Mexico, Colombia and Harar (Ethiopia), it is acommon fruit, often used for dessert as the only ingredient, or as an aguafresca beverage; in Colombia, it is a fruit for juices, mixed with milk.Ice cream and fruit bars made of soursop are also very popular. The seeds arenormally left in the preparation, and removed while consuming, unless a blenderis used for processing.

In Indonesia, dodol sirsak, a sweetmeat, ismade by boiling soursop pulp in water and adding sugar until the mixturehardens. Soursop is also a common ingredient for making fresh fruit juices thatare sold by street food vendors. In the Philippines, it is called guyabano,obviously derived from the Spanish guanabana, and is eaten ripe, or usedto make juices, smoothies, or ice cream. Sometimes, they use the leaf intenderizing meat. In Vietnam, this fruit is called mãng cầu Xiêm in thesouth, or mãng cầu in the north, and is used to make smoothies, or eatenas is. In Cambodia, this fruit is called tearb barung, literally"western custard-apple fruit." In Malaysia, it is known in Malay as durianbelanda and in East Malaysia, specifically among the Dusun people of Sabah,it is locally known as lampun. Popularly, it is eaten raw when itripens, or used as one of the ingredients in Ais Kacang or Ais BatuCampur. Usually the fruits are taken from the tree when they mature andleft to ripen in a dark corner, whereby they will be eaten when they are fullyripe. It has a white flower with a very pleasing scent, especially in themorning. While for people in Brunei Darussalam this fruit is popularly known as"Durian Salat", widely available and easily planted.


HealthThe fruit contains significant amounts of vitamin C,vitamin B1 and vitamin B2.

Preliminary in vitro laboratory researchsuggests that Graviola may have potential to treat some infections.   “Inmany countries, people use the bark, leaves, root, and fruit  of this treefor traditional remedies.  The active ingredient is thought to be a typeof plant compound (phytochemical) called annonaceous acetogenins.


“People in African and South American countries have used graviola to treatinfections with viruses or parasites, rheumatism, arthritis, depression, andsickness.  We know from research that some graviola extracts can help totreat these conditions. The antimicrobial properties of Soursop can also killbeneficial bacteria on the skin, in the vagina and gut, which can lead toinfections in long term use.

Possible Adverse Effects ofGraviolaResearch carried out in theCaribbean has suggested a connection between consumption of soursop andatypical forms of Parkinson's disease which is due to the very highconcentration of annonacin. Graviola also has few other side effects likelowering the blood pressure, so it should not be taken by people with lowblood pressure or heart complications.


All parts of the graviola tree are used in natural medicine in the tropics,including the bark, leaves, roots, fruit, and fruit seeds. Different propertiesand uses are attributed to the different parts of the tree. Generally, thefruit and fruit juice are taken for worms and parasites, to cool fevers, toincrease mother's milk after childbirth, and as an astringent for diarrhea anddysentery. The crushed seeds are used against internal and external parasites,head lice, and worms. The bark, leaves, and roots are considered sedative,antispasmodic, hypotensive, and nervine, and a tea is made for variousdisorders toward those effects.


Graviola has a long, rich history of use in herbal medicine as well as alengthy recorded indigenous use. In the Peruvian Andes, a leaf tea is used forcatarrh (inflammation of mucous membranes) and the crushed seed is used to killparasites. In the Peruvian Amazon the bark, roots, and leaves are used fordiabetes and as a sedative and antispasmodic. Indigenous tribes in Guyana use aleaf and/or bark tea as a sedative and heart tonic. In the Brazilian Amazon aleaf tea is used for liver problems, and the oil of the leaves and unripe fruitis mixed with olive oil and used externally for neuralgia, rheumatism, andarthritis pain. In Jamaica, Haiti, and the West Indies the fruit and/or fruitjuice is used for fevers, parasites and diarrhea; the bark or leaf is used asan antispasmodic, sedative, and nervine for heart conditions, coughs, flu,difficult childbirth, asthma, hypertension, and parasites.




Many active compounds and chemicals have been found in graviola, as scientistshave been studying its properties since the 1940s. Most of the research ongraviola focuses on a novel set of chemicals called Annonaceous acetogenins.Graviola produces these natural compounds in its leaf and stem, bark, and fruitseeds. Three separate research groups have confirmed that these chemicals havesignificant antitumorous properties and selective toxicity against varioustypes of cancer cells (without harming healthy cells) publishing eight clinicalstudies on their findings. Many of the acetogenins have demonstrated selectivetoxicity to tumor cells at very low dosages—as little as 1 part per million.Four studies were published in 1998 which further specify the chemicals andacetogenins in graviola which are demonstrating the strongest anticancerous,antitumorous, and antiviral properties. In a 1997 clinical study, novelalkaloids found in graviola fruit exhibited antidepressive effects in animals.

Annonaceous acetogenins are onlyfound in the Annonaceae family (to which graviola belongs). These chemicals ingeneral have been documented with antitumorous, antiparasitic, insecticidal,and antimicrobial activities. Mode of action studies in three separatelaboratories have recently determined that these acetogenins are superbinhibitors of enzyme processes that are only found in the membranes ofcancerous tumor cells. This is why they are toxic to cancer cells but have notoxicity to healthy cells.Purdue University, in WestLafayette, Indiana, has conducted a great deal of the research on theacetogenins, much of which, has been funded by The National Cancer Instituteand/or the National Institute of Health (NIH). Thus far, Purdue Universityand/or its staff have filed at least nine U.S. and/or international patents ontheir work around the antitumorous and insecticidal properties and uses ofthese acetogenins.


In 1997, Purdue University published information with promising news thatseveral of the Annonaceous acetogenins were " . . . not only are effectivein killing tumors that have proven resistant to anti-cancer agents, but alsoseem to have a special affinity for such resistant cells." In severalinterviews after this information was publicized, the head pharmacologist inPurdue's research explained how this worked. As he explains it, cancer cellsthat survive chemotherapy can develop resistance to the agent originally usedas well as to other, even unrelated, drugs. This phenomenon is called multi-drugresistance (MDR). One of the main ways that cancer cells develop resistance tochemotherapy drugs is by creating an intercellular pump which is capable ofpushing anticancer agents out of the cell before they can kill it. On average, only about twopercent of the cancer cells in any given person might develop this pump—butthey are the two percent that can eventually grow and expand to createmulti-drug-resistant tumors. Some of the latest research on acetogeninsreported that they were capable of shutting down these intercellular pumps,thereby killing multi-drug-resistant tumors. Purdue researchers reported thatthe acetogenins preferentially killed multi-drug-resistant cancer cells byblocking the transfer of ATP—the chief source of cellular energy—into them. Atumor cell needs energy to grow and reproduce, and a great deal more to run itspump and expel attacking agents. By inhibiting energy to the cell , it can nolonger run its pump. When acetogenins block ATP to the tumor cell over time, thecell no longer has enough energy to operate sustaining processes—and it dies.Normal cells seldom develop such a pump; therefore, they don't require largeamounts of energy to run a pump and, generally, are not adversely affected byATP inhibitors. Purdue researchers reported that 14 different acetogeninstested thus far demonstrate potent ATP-blocking properties (including severalfound only in graviola). They also reported that 13 of these 14 acetogeninstested were more potent against MDR breast cancer cells than all three of thestandard drugs (adriamycin, vincristine, and vinblastine) they used ascontrols.


The Annonaceous acetogenins discovered in graviola thus far include:annocatalin, annohexocin, annomonicin, annomontacin, annomuricatin A & B, annomuricinA thru E, annomutacin, annonacin, annonacinone, annopentocin A thru C,cis-annonacin, cis-corossolone, cohibin A thru D, corepoxylone, coronin,corossolin, corossolone, donhexocin, epomuricenin A & B, gigantetrocin,gigantetrocin A & B, gigantetrocinone, gigantetronenin, goniothalamicin,iso-annonacin, javoricin, montanacin, montecristin, muracin A thru G,muricapentocin, muricatalicin, muricatalin, muri-catenol, muricatetrocin A& B muricatin D, muricatocin A thru C muricin H, muricin I, muricoreacin,murihexocin 3, murihexocin A thru C, murihexol, murisolin, robustocin,rolliniastatin 1 & 2, saba-delin, solamin, uvariamicin I & IV,xylomaticin

Biological Activites and Clinical Research


In an 1976 plant screening program by the National Cancer Institute, graviolaleaves and stem showed active toxicity against cancer cells and researchershave been following up on these findings since. Thus far, specific acetogeninsin graviola and/or extracts of graviola have been reported to be selectively toxicin vitro to these types of tumor cells: lung carcinoma cell lines; human breastsolid tumor lines; prostate adenocarcinoma; pancreatic carcinoma cell lines;colon adenocarcinoma cell lines; liver cancer cell lines; human lymphoma celllines; and multi-drug resistant human breast adenocarcinoma.Researchers in Taiwan reported in2003 that the main graviola acetogenin, annonacin, was highly toxic to ovarian,cervical, breast, bladder and skin cancer cell lines at very low dosagessaying; “. . . annonacin is a promising anti-cancer agent and worthy of furtheranimal studies and, we would hope, clinical trials.”

An interesting in vivo study was published in March of 2002 by researchers inJapan, who were studying various acetogenins found in several species ofplants. They inoculated mice with lung cancer cells. One third received nothing(the control group), one third received the chemotherapy drug adriamycin, andone third received the main graviola acetogenin, annonacin (at a dosage of 10mg/kg). At the end of two weeks, five of the six in the untreated control groupwere still alive and lung tumor sizes were then measured. The adriamycin groupshowed a 54.6% reduction of tumor mass over the control group—but 50% of theanimals had died from toxicity (three of six). The mice receiving annonacin wereall still alive, and the tumors were inhibited by 57.9%—slightly better thanadriamycin—and without toxicity. This led the researchers to summarize; “Thissuggested that annonacin was less toxic in mice. On considering the antitumoractivity and toxicity, annonacin might be used as a lead to develop a potentialanticancer agent.”

Current Practical Uses and Cancer research


Cancer research is ongoing on these important Annona plants and plantchemicals, as several pharmaceutical companies and universities continue toresearch, test, patent, and attempt to synthesize these chemicals into newchemotherapeutic drugs.In fact, graviola seems to befollowing the same path as another well known cancer drug – Taxol. From thetime researchers first discovered an antitumorous effect in the bark of thepacific yew tree and a novel chemical called taxol was discovered in its bark -it took thirty years of research by numerous pharmaceutical companies,universities, and government agencies before the first FDA-approved Taxol drugwas sold to a cancer patient (which was based on the natural taxol chemicalthey found in the tree bark). With graviola, it has takenresearchers almost 10 years to successfully synthesize (chemically reproduce)the main antitumorous chemical, annonacin. These acetogenin chemicals have aunique waxy center and other unique molecular energy properties which thwartedearlier attempts, and at least one major pharmaceutical company gave up in theprocess (despite knowing how active the natural chemical was against tumors).Now that scientists have the ability to recreate this chemical and severalother active acetogenins in the laboratory, the next step is to change thechemical just enough (without losing any of the antitumorous actions in theprocess) to become a novel chemical which can be patented and turned into a newpatented cancer drug. (Naturally-occurring plant chemicals cannot be patented.)Thus far, scientists seem to be thwarted again—every time they change the chemicalenough to be patentable, they lose much of the antitumorous actions. Like thedevelopment of taxol, it may well take government agenies like the NationalCancer Institute and the National Institute of Health to step forward andlaunch full-scale human cancer research on the synthesized unpatentable naturalplant chemical (which will allow any pharmaceutical company to develop a cancerdrug utilizing the research as happened with taxol) to be able to make thispromising therapy available to cancer patients in a timely fashion.


In the meantime, many cancer patients and health practitioners are not waiting…they are adding the natural leaf and stem of graviola (with over 40 documentednaturally-occurring acetogenins including annonacin) as a complementary therapyto their cancer protocols. After all, graviola has a long history of safe useas a herbal remedy for other conditions for many years, and research indicatesthat the antitumorous acetogenins are selectively toxic to just cancer cellsand not healthy cells—and in miniscule amounts. While research confirms thatthese antitumorous acetogenins also occur in high amounts in the fruit seedsand roots of graviola, different alkaloid chemicals in the seeds and roots haveshown some preliminary in vitro neurotoxic effects. Researchers have suggestedthat these alkaloids might be linked to atypical Parkinson’s disease incountries where the seeds are employed as a common herbal parasite remedy.Therefore, using the seeds and root of graviola is not recommended at thistime.


The therapuetic dosage of graviola leaf, (which offers just as high of anamount of acetogenins as the root and almost as much as the seed) is reportedto be 2-3 grams taken 3 or 4 times daily. Graviola products (capsules andtinctures) are becoming more widely available in the U.S. market, and nowoffered under several different manufacturer’s labels in health food stores. Asone of graviola’s mechanisms of action is to deplete ATP energy to cancercells, combining it with other supplements and natural products which increaseor enhance cellular ATP may reduce the effect of graviola. The main supplement whichincreases ATP is a common antioxidant called Coenzyme Q10 and for this reason,it should be avoided when taking graviola.


Graviola is certainly a promising natural remedy and one that again emphasizesthe importance of preserving our remaining rainforest ecosystems. Perhaps—ifenough people believe that the possible cure for cancer truly is locked away ina rainforest plant—we will take the steps needed to protect our remainingrainforests from destruction. One researcher studying graviola summarized thisidea eloquently: “At the time of preparation of this current review, over 350Annonaceous acetogenins have been isolated from 37 species. Our preliminaryefforts show that about 50%, of over 80 Annonaceous species screened, aresignificantly bioactive and are worthy of fractionation; thus, this class ofcompounds can be expected to continue to grow at an exponential rate in the future,provided that financial support for such research efforts can be found. Withthe demise of the world’s tropical rain forests, such work is compelling beforethe great chemical diversity, contained within these endangered species, islost.”According to Cancer Research UK, "there is noevidence to show that graviola works as a cure for cancer" andconsequently they do not support its use as a treatment for cancer. A courtcase relating to the sale in the UK of Triamazon, a graviola product, resultedin convictions on four counts related to selling an unlicensed medical product.

The judge said that the drug had not been tested onhuman beings, was not licenced for use in UK markets and could cause symptomssimilar to Parkinson’s Disease.


Here’s a short article posted on  the CancerResearch UK’s website on the use of soursop to help cure cancer:


“Graviola (soursop) is something that comes from a tree in the rain forests ofAfrica, South America, and Southeast Asia.  Its scientific name is Annonamuricata. It is also known as cherimoya, guanabana and soursop.


  “In many countries, people use the bark, leaves, root, and fruit of this tree for traditional remedies.  The active ingredient is thoughtto be a type of plant compound (phytochemical) called annonaceous acetogenins.


“People in African and South American countries have used graviola to treatinfections with viruses or parasites, rheumatism, arthritis, depression, andsickness.  We know from research that some graviola extracts can help totreat these conditions.


“In laboratory studies, graviola extracts can kill some types of liver andbreast cancer cells that are resistant to particular chemotherapy drugs.  


But there haven’t been any large scale studies in humans. So we don’t know yetwhether it can work as a cancer treatment or not. 


“Overall, there is no evidence to show that graviola works as a cure forcancer. Many sites on the internet advertise and promote graviola capsules as acancer cure, but none of them are supported by any reputable scientific cancerorganisations.


“We know a little about how graviola affects the body. We do know, for example,that it can cause nerve changes, bringing on symptoms similar to Parkinson’s.So it may have harmful side effects for some people.


 “We do not support the use of graviola to treat cancer. Our advice is tobe very cautious about believing information or paying for any type ofalternative cancer therapy on the internet.  You may find it useful toread our section on searching for information on the internet.


“Whatever you read and have been recommended by well-meaning family members andfriends, do a quick check, especially on reliable sites. Get to know the fullpicture before you think the majority should be right”.

The Federal Trade Commission in the United Statesdetermined that there was "no credible scientific evidence" that theextract of soursop sold by Bioque Technologies "can prevent, cure, ortreat cancer of any kind."



Annonacinis a neurotoxin found in soursop seeds

The compound annonacin contained in the seeds ofsoursop is a neurotoxin and it seems to be the cause of a neurodegenerativedisease. The only group of people known to be affected live on the Caribbeanisland of Guadeloupe and the problem presumably occurs with the excessiveconsumption of plants containing annonacin. The disorder is a so-called tauopathyassociated with a pathologic accumulation of tau protein in the brain.Experimental results demonstrated for the first time that the plant neurotoxinannonacin is responsible for this accumulation.

“From my research, Graviola substances can helpwith cancer in the beginning stages by promoting the process of apoptosis.They work because they reduce the production of ATP which results, so thetheory goes, in the death of fast growing cells that require a lot ofATP - preferably cancer cells.  However, the alternative theory ofcancer, that it is a protection mechanism for cells that are under certainstresses, holds that this apoptosis period is relatively short and that thecancer cells have their own ways of overcoming it. Apoptosis requiresthat the mitochondrial membranes remain permeable to Calcium ions. In cancercells, these membranes get locked very quickly, especially after the cancerhas metastasized. Oleander and NAC, unlike paw-paw, Graviola, etc, act tonormalize the levels of glutathione in the body. This, in turn, unlocks themitochondrial membranes and reverts the mitochondria to normalcy. The assumptionis, of course, that the stresses which caused the problems in the first place,are also addressed. Thus the reason for the protocols.


Therefore, the message saying thatGraviola, i.e Soursop is 10,000 times more effective cancer killer than chemois a hoax. However, you can find thousands of websites online selling it as amiracle fruit. We advise people not to believe them blindly, but consult adoctor or oncologist before using it.

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